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Summary

  1. Turkey says its forces have shot down a plane on the border with Syria
  2. Russia says an Su-24 crashed on Syrian territory after being hit by an air-to-air missile
  3. Turkey says the plane violated its airspace – an accusation Russia denies
  4. President Vladimir Putin calls it 'a stab in the back by the accomplices of terrorists'
  5. Turkey is a member of the Nato alliance, which has said it is ready to defend Turkey if Russia violated its airspace

Live Reporting

By Paul Blake, Rone McFarlane, Josephine McDermott and Thom Poole

All times stated are UK

  1. This evening's latest developments:

    • One of the two pilots in the shot-down warplane was killed by gunfire from the ground as he parachuted from the crashing jet, Russian military confirmed
    • A Russian soldier was killed when the helicopter he was on came under fire during a search and rescue mission for the pilots
    • Nato Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg backed Turkey's version of the story, and said that an allied assessment shows the Russian warplane did fly into Turkish airspace
  2. Analysis - US response to shot-down warplane

    Gary O'Donoghue

    Washington Correspondent, BBC News

    When Russian and US jets came into close proximity over Syria early last month, the Pentagon and the White House were swift to condemn. 

    "Wreckless" and "irresponsible" were just some of the stiff words they used at the time. 

    But now that Turkey has actually shot a Russian jet down, there is a tangible reluctance to up the ante, and a scramble to lower the temperature.

    Caution is the name of the game, with the Pentagon spokesman, Peter Cook, still saying that the US cannot definitively conclude that Turkish airspace has been compromised. 

    As a Nato member, Turkey will expect the US and others to back its actions; but with Russia crucial to the prospects of pushing forward a political solution in Syria, de-escalation is the watch word on everyone's lips.

  3. US 'unable to conclude where aircraft were'

    When asked whether the US knows whether the Russian warplane was shot down over Turkey or Syria, Pentagon spokesman Peter Cook said US officers were "not able to conclude definitely right now where the aircraft were".

    Echoing those remarks, in an email to the BBC's Gary O'Donoghue, Col Steve Warren, spokesman for the US-led coalition fighting IS, said they were "still analysing the data from the radar tracks". 

  4. US Department of Defense press conference under way

    The US Department of Defense press conference has begun, hosted by spokesman Peter Cook.

    The BBC's Gary O'Donoghue has provided some updates from Washington.

  5. Shot-down plane 'no threat to gas supplies'

    The Turkish energy minister, Berat Albayrak, has said that the downing of the Russian warplane does not constitute a threat to energy ties between the two countries.

    Turkey is the second biggest purchaser of Russian gas products, according to Gazprom statistics.

  6. US Department of Defense press conference soon

    We are expecting a press conference with US Department of Defense Spokesman Peter Cook from the Pentagon around 14:30 local time (19:30 GMT).

    The BBC's Gary O'Donoghue will be providing updates and analysis on Twitter and this page.

  7. Military confirms one warplane pilot killed by groundfire after ejecting

    One of the two pilots in the shot-down war plane was killed by gunfire from the ground as he parachuted from the crashing jet, the Russian military has confirmed. 

    Speaking on Russian state TV, Lieutenant General Sergei Rudskoy also said that Turkish aircraft had violated Syrian airspace when it shot down the warplane. 

    As we reported earlier, Russian military officials have also said that Syrian rebels fired on a Russian search and rescue helicopter, forcing it to land and killing one crew member.

  8. Russia 'discontinuing' military contact with Turkey

    BBC Monitoring says that the Russian Defence Ministry has issued a statement saying it will step up its operations in Syria, and "discontinue" military contact with Turkey. 

    Reading the statement on state TV, Lieutenant General Sergey Rudskoy said "measures will be taken to strengthen air defence" and that "any targets representing a potential danger for us will be destroyed".

    He said additional weapons will be deployed to the Latakia area.

  9. Stakes 'too low' for downing to develop into conflict

    Writing in Vox, Max Fisher has a counterargument for some of the more apocalyptic assessments of today's events. He says there is little chance of it sparking a wider conflict.

    Quote Message: The stakes are just too low. The things at issue here are Russia's bombing of anti-Assad rebels in Syria, the sanctity of Turkish airspace, and the life of one (or possibly two) Russian pilot. Those things matter, and Turkey cares an awful lot about its airspace and about what happens in Syria. But Russia doesn't care enough about those things to risk a major war. And neither do the leading members of Nato (the US, UK, France, etc), which will largely decide how Nato responds. There is thus every reason to believe that both Russia and Nato will seek to de-escalate."
  10. More on Russian soldier killed in rescue mission

    The Russian soldier killed during a search and rescue mission for the crew of the shot-down warplane was on board a helicopter downed by rebel fire, Russia's military has said. 

    A military spokesman said it was one of two helicopters taking part in the operation. The rest of the crew were evacuated and taken to the air base used by Russia in Syria. 

  11. Nato chief says Russian plane did enter Turkish airspace

    In the last few minutes, Nato Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg has been making a statement in Brussels.

    The Nato chief has backed Turkey's version of the story, and said that an allied assessment shows that the Russian warplane did fly into Turkish airspace. 

    He said that there had been contact between officials in Moscow and Ankara, but not between Nato officials and Russia.

    Mr Stoltenberg called for calm and for the parties to deescalate the situation.

    Jens Stolten
  12. BreakingRussian solider killed in rescue mission - military

    A Russian soldier has been killed in the search for the pilots of the downed jet in Syria, the Russian military says. 

  13. Erdogan defends right to protect borders

    In his first reaction to his forces' downing of a Russian jet, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said "everyone should respect the right of Turkey to defend its borders".

  14. Picture purports to show part of parachute of downed Russian pilot

    Alpaslan Celik, a deputy commander in a Syrian Turkmen brigade, holds handles believed to be parts of a parachute of the downed Russian warplane

    Alpaslan Celik, a deputy commander in a Syrian Turkmen brigade, holds the handles of what is believed to be part of a parachute used when the Russian warplane was shot down. 

    Alpaslan Celik, a deputy commander in a Syrian Turkmen brigade, holds handles believed to be parts of a parachute of the downed Russian warplane
  15. Hollande: 'We must prevent an escalation'

    Echoing some of Mr Obama's comments, Francois Hollande said "we must prevent an escalation that would be extremely damaging. 

    "The only purpose is to fight against terrorism and Daesh (Islamic State). 

    "What took place means that we must find a solution to the Syrian crisis, otherwise there are risks of escalation."

    Francois Hollande

      The president adds that he will be travelling to Russia this week.  

  16. Obama: 'Ongoing problem with Russian operations in Syria'

    "I do think this points to an ongoing problem with Russian operations (in Syria)," Mr Obama continued, "in the sense that they are operating very close to a Turkish border and they are going after moderate opposition." 

    "If Russia is directing its energies towards Daesh and Isil (Islamic State), some of those conflicts or potentials for mistakes or escalation are less likely to occur."

  17. BreakingObama: 'Turkey has right to defend airspace'

    Asked about the downing of a Russian jet, President Obama said he was still getting the details. But he said "Turkey, like every country, has the right to defend its territory and its airspace".

    He went on to say it was important for the Russians and Turks to talk to each other and take measures to "discourage escalation". 

    President Barack Obama
  18. UN chief 'seriously concerned' about downing of Russian plane

    UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon says he is "seriously concerned" about the downing of the Russian jet and has appealed to all parties to urgently de-escalate, Reuters reports.

  19. 'Two planes approached Turkish airspace' - Turkey's UN ambassador

    In a letter to the UN security council and Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, Turkey's UN ambassador Halit Cevik said two planes approached Turkish airspace on Tuesday morning. 

    He said they were warned 10 times in five minutes to change direction.

    "Following the violation, plane one left Turkish national airspace. Plane two was fired at while in Turkish national airspace by Turkish F-16s performing air combat patrolling in the area," Mr Cevik wrote in a letter, Reuters reports.

    "Plane two crashed onto the Syria side of the Turkish-Syrian border," he said.

    Russian President Vladimir Putin has said the fighter jet was attacked when it was nearly a mile inside Syria and has warned of "serious consequences".

  20. Obama condemns Russian strikes on Syrian moderate opposition

    We are following a live statement from President Obama, who is speaking after talks with French counterpart Francois Hollande. The president has not commented yet on the downing of a Russian jet, but said the two men agreed that "Russian strikes against moderate (Syrian) opposition only bolsters the Assad regime, whose brutality has helped fuel the rise of Isil (Islamic State)".

  21. Russia's Sukhoi Su-24 jet in profile

    The Russian Defence Ministry website has more details on the Sukhoi Su-24 jet, the type shot down by Turkey. It is primarily used as an all-weather, low-level bombing aircraft.

    • Dimensions: Length 24.5m, height 6.2m
    • Weight: 19,000kg, but normal take-off weight is 36,000kg
    • Max speed at high altitude: 2,240 km/h (1391 mph)
    • Combat radius: Up to 560km, i.e. how far it can travel to before returning back on a mission
    A Russian Sukhoi Su-24 jet on an airstrip
  22. Turkish television: Two parachutes seen falling from the sky

    Barely distinguishable, but this still taken from Turkish television appears to show two parachutes after the Russian jet was shot down.

    Two parachutes are seen after the shooting down of a Russian jet
  23. Analysis: Moscow shows it is intent on bolstering Assad regime

    Jonathan Marcus

    BBC Diplomatic and defence correspondent

    The downing of the Russian airliner by IS, and Moscow's onslaught against IS targets appeared to suggest that Russia, the West and the moderate Arab states were coming into alignment.

    But as the Russian air attacks against Turkmen positions show, Moscow is still intent on bolstering the Assad regime against some of its other opponents, whatever may be happening on the counter-IS front.

    A file picture taken on October 3, 2015 shows a Russian Sukhoi Su-24 bomber taking off from the Hmeimim airbase in the Syrian province of Latakia

    Turkey is deeply hostile to the Syrian regime and wants to see the back of Bashar al-Assad as soon as possible. So in this sense it is at loggerheads with Moscow.

    Turkey, like Iran, the Saudis and the moderate Arab states, all have a stake in what kind of Syria emerges from this crisis - as, to an extent, does Russia.

    The US and its Western allies don't much like Mr Assad and see him as very much part of the problem, but their main battle is against IS.

  24. Russia was warned over targeting of Turkmen - Turkish media

    Turkey's Hurriyet website reports Russia's ambassador to Turkey and the military attache were summoned to the Foreign Ministry last Thursday because of the following allegations:

    1. The operations of the Russian army were taking place in areas very close to Turkey's border, threatening its border security. Turkey noted its rules of engagement were in place and there would be no hesitation to implement them if a violation occurred.
    2. The area where Russian operations were being conducted was free of Islamic State and other terrorist groups and civilian Turkmen were being harmed. 
    3. Military operations were causing more civilians to leave their homes. There was concern Russia's operations in that particular region could hurt Turkey's humanitarian efforts.
  25. Britain urges Russia and Turkey to have 'direct' conversation

    British Prime Minister David Cameron has discussed the incident with his Turkish counterpart, Downing Street says.

    In it he encouraged the Turks and the Russians to have a "direct conversation" over the matter. Mr Cameron is due to make the case for British jets to carry out strikes in Syria on Thursday. 

  26. Russians summon Turkish embassy defence attache

    BBC Monitoring

    The Russian Defence Ministry has summoned the Turkish embassy defence attache to make a protest, the ministry has said in a statement published on its website.

    "The Russian plane did not cross the Turkish border and operated exclusively against facilities in Syrian territory. We consider the actions of the Turkish Air Force to be an unfriendly act,"the statement reads [in Russian].

  27. Be aware of your responsibilities, says Germany

    Germany's Foreign Minister, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, says he hopes the incident will not hamper fresh talks over the Syria crisis.

    "I hope first that both capitals start talks with each other and that second, both Ankara and Moscow are aware of the responsibility when it comes to reactions and couter-reactions," he says.

    Germany's Foreign Minister, Frank-Walter Steinmeier
  28. Was Putin's speech a way of deflecting criticism?

    The BBC's Moscow Correspondent, Sarah Rainsford, has been considering President Putin's furious speech earlier, in which he called Turkish action a "stab in the back" and called them "accomplices of terrorists".

    Quote Message: This was tough language from an icy looking President Putin. Much of his comment was for domestic consumption. After all, Vladimir Putin launched airstrikes in Syria arguing that it would make Russia safer; instead, 224 people were blown out of the sky last month in a bomb attack. And now this. By rounding on Turkey he is in part deflecting any suggestion that his own policy has backfired. But he is clearly furious too and it’s not clear yet how that will translate into action."
  29. Chechen leader: 'Turkey will regret what it has done for a very long time'

    BBC Monitoring

    Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov has promised Turkey will "regret what it has done for a very long time", in a statement posted on his Instagram page and quoted on the website of pro-Kremlin LifeNews.

    "Those who take every opportunity to talk about friendship and cooperation should not act so underhandedly," Mr Kadyrov added.

  30. US confirms Turks warned Russia before shooting down jet

    A spokesman for the US-led coalition against Islamic State, Col Steve Warren says it can confirm that the Turks warned the Russian plane 10 times before shooting down the jet.

    He said they were working to establish exactly where the plane was when it was shot down.

  31. Syria: The factions at work and how various countries stand

    The conflict in Syria has drawn in major global powers, supporting and opposing President Bashar al-Assad and the myriad rebel groups ranged against him.  

    This shows the various factions at work and the territory where they operate.

    A map showing groups and the parts of Syria they control

    Here's a guide to where the key countries stand on the strategy regarding Syria.    

  32. Turkish President to chair security summit

    Turkey's President, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, is to chair a security summit later on Tuesday following the downing of the Russian fighter jet.

    Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan pictured at a summit in Istanbul

     It will be attended by armed forces and intelligence chiefs.  

  33. Russians second-biggest visitors by nationality to Turkey

    To put the previous posts in context, a sharp reduction in Russian tourists visiting Turkey could have a big impact. Recent figures from the Turkish authorities suggest Russians are the second biggest visitors by nationality.

  34. Russia tour operator suspends sale of package holidays to Turkey

    BBC Monitoring

    Natali Tours, one of Russia's largest tour operators, has suspended the sale of package holidays to Turkey,news website Gazeta.rureports [in Russian]

    According to a press release from the company, the decision is based on President Vladimir Putin's decree of 8 November announcing measures aimed at "ensuring the safety of Russian citizens".

  35. Russians advised not to visit Turkey

    Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov has advised Russians not to visit Turkey and said the threat of terrorism there was the no less than in Egypt, where a Russian passenger plane was brought down last month.

    The wreckage of a Russian plane brought down in Egypt on 31 October
    Image caption: A Russian A321 airliner was brought down in in Egypt last month, killing all 224 people on board
  36. Who are the Turkmen?

    Our colleagues at BBC Monitoring have been taking a look at the Turkmen, with fighters from the community claiming they shot dead the two fighters who ejected from the downed Russian plane.

    Who are they? Ethnic Turks who have lived in the region of Syria, Iraq and Iran since the 11th century. They are estimated to number between 1.5m and 3.5m.

    What is their role in Syria? Trained by Turkey, the Syrian Turkmen Brigades are about 10,000 strong and were set up in 2012 as the civil war in Syria took hold.

    Who are their allies/enemies? Their main opponents are the regular Syrian army and the Islamic State militant group. Some units have allied with Kurdish fighters. 

    A masked Syrian Turkmen rebel in Aleppo
  37. Foreign Minister Lavrov cancels visit to Turkey

    Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov has cancelled a visit to Turkey on Wednesday, agencies report.

    Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov during a visit to Lebanon
  38. Radar images 'show plane penetrated Turkish airspace'

    Onur Oymen, a Turkish member of parliament who once served as Turkey's permanent representative to Nato, says the Turkish government has evidence to prove that the Russian jet was flying over Turkey when it was shot down:

    Quote Message: They already broadcast on Turkish television the radar images of the Turkish general staff showing how the plane penetrated Turkish airspace, and how it remained in Turkish airspace despite warnings."

    Moscow insists its plane never strayed from Syrian airspace.

  39. 'Both of the pilots were retrieved dead'

    Syrian Turkmen brigade deputy commander Alpaslan Celik tells Reuters:

    Quote Message: Both of the pilots were retrieved dead. Our comrades opened fire into the air and they died in the air."
  40. 'Turkmen forces shot dead pilots as they parachuted'

    The deputy commander of a Turkmen brigade in Syria says his forces shot dead two pilots of the downed Russian jet as they descended with parachutes, says Reuters.

  41. More pictures emerge of downed jet - correction

    Apologies, we earlier published a picture of what appeared to be the downing of the Russian jet provided by the AFP news agency. They have since said it was provided at another time.

  42. The fate of the pilots

    Russia's defence ministry said the two pilots parachuted from the plane but added that Moscow had no further contact with them. Rebels said they fired at the pair as they ejected. Video footage has shown what appears to be the dead body of one of the flyers, surrounded by armed rebels.

  43. Protesters at Turkish and Russian embassies

    Russia's consulate in Istanbul and the Turkish Embassy in Moscow have both seen protests.

    A protests outside Russia's Istanbul consulate
    Image caption: This was the scene in Istanbul
    A woman holds a poster as she pickets the Turkish Embassy in Moscow, Russia
    Image caption: "The pilots that were shot down, were fighting with terrorists, to save your and our civilians" the sign reads in Moscow
  44. Russian helicopter 'forced into emergency landing'

    In another development, there are reports that a Russian military helicopter was forced to make an emergency landing after coming under fire from Syrian rebels. According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, the aircraft managed to reach nearby government-held territory in the north-eastern Latakia region.

  45. Our 'duty' to protect borders - Turkey PM

    Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu has defended the shooting down of a Russian fighter jet, saying it was their "national duty to take any measure against whoever violates our air or land borders".

    Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu
  46. 'Remain cool-headed and calm' says Tusk

    The European Council President tweets...

  47. Envoys summoned to Turkish foreign ministry

    Turkish officials say its foreign ministry has summoned US, Russian, French, Chinese and British envoys to brief them on the downing of the Russian jet, according to Reuters.

  48. Putin: 'They want to make Nato serve Islamic State?'

    Mr Putin ended his speech by suggesting Turkey wanted Nato "to serve" IS. He earlier described the Turks as "accomplices of terrorists".

    Quote Message: Instead of contacting us, Turkey went to its partners in Nato to discuss this incident. As if it was us who downed a Turkish plane, and not vice versa. What? They want to make Nato serve IS?"
  49. Putin in TV address: 'Today's tragic events will have significant consequences'

    Mr Putin said: "We will analyse everything in detail and today's tragic events will have significant consequences including for relations between Russia and Turkey." 

    Vladimir Putin
    Image caption: The president photographed yesterday

    He said the aircraft was inside Syrian airspace - 4km from the Turkish border - when it was hit, news agencies report.

  50. BreakingPutin: Downing of Russian jet a 'stab in the back by accomplices of terrorists'

    Russian President Vladimir Putin has called the downing of a Russian jet at the Turkey-Syria border "a stab in the back by the accomplices of terrorists". 

    He was speaking live on state-owned TV channel Rossiya 24.

  51. Watch: The battle in Syria's skies in 60 seconds

    On the topic of Syria's crowded skies, here's a video explainer produced before today outlining the large number of countries operating in the area, adding to the risks of a dangerous encounter 

    A map showing Latakia
  52. Jet crash 'bound to happen in tight airspace'

    Famil Ismalov from the BBC Russian service gives his opinion on the shot jet to BBC World:

    "It was bound to happen", he says. 

    "We are talking about tight airspace and tight territory where the air raids were being conducted. 

    Famil Ismalov

      "Sooner or later the Russian planes would get into the Turkish airspace."  

  53. Former UK Foreign Office official says Russia will do 'very little'

    Reza Afshar, a former UK Foreign Office official in charge of Britain’s policy on Syria tweets:

    View more on twitter
  54. Russian Ministry of Defence: Aircraft 'flying only within borders of Syrian territory'

    Here's the statement from the Russian Ministry of Defence website.

    The statement

    The website includes reports on the Russian air operation in Syria which it describes as a "retaliatory operation aimed at elimination of leaders of terrorist organisations and their allies, disruption of control and supply systems, as well as destruction of the ISIS military and oil and gas production facilities".

  55. Breaking'One of Russian pilots dead on landing'

    A Syrian rebel group says one of the Russian pilots who ejected from his downed warplane was dead on landing.  

    AP quotes Jahed Ahmad of the 10th Brigade in the Coast as saying the two Russian crew members had tried to parachute into a government-held area after they ejected, but came under fire from members of his group. 

    Earlier, Reuters reported it had seen video from a rebel group that appeared to show one of the pilots immobile and badly wounded on the ground.

  56. Nato to hold 'extraordinary meeting' for Allies to be 'informed of downing of Russian plane'

    AFP news agency is reporting that Nato has called an "extraordinary meeting" after the shooting down of the Russian jet.

    "At the request of Turkey, the North Atlantic Council will hold an extraordinary meeting at 16:00 GMT. The aim of this extraordinary NAC is for Turkey to inform Allies about the downing of a Russian airplane," an alliance official told AFP.

    This is the first time a Nato member's armed forces have downed a Russian or Soviet military aircraft since the 1950s, according to the Reuters news agency.

  57. Foreign Office: UK 'seeking further answers' in 'very serious incident'

    A UK Foreign Office spokeswoman has described the shooting down of a Russian air force jet near the Turkish-Syrian border as a "very serious incident". 

    She said: "We are seeking further details urgently. Clearly this is a very serious incident but it would be unwise to comment further until we have more certainty on the facts." 

  58. Oil prices rise amid heightened tensions in Middle East

    Oil prices have risen following news that Turkey shot down a Russian warplane near the Syria-Turkey border and a weaker US dollar provided incentive for investors to buy more oil. 

    "News of a military jet crashing in Syria is a reminder that there is still substantial risk in the Middle East," Bjarne Schieldrop, the Olso-based chief commodities analyst at SEB bank told Reuters news agency. 

  59. Turkey has warned Russia about airspace violations in the past

    Russian aircraft have flown hundreds of sorties over northern Syria since September. Moscow says they have targeted only "terrorists", but activists say its strikes have mainly hit Western-backed rebel groups.

    Turkey, a vehement opponent of Syria's president, has warned against violations of its airspace by Russian and Syrian aircraft.

    Last month, Ankara said Turkish F-16s had intercepted a Russian jet that crossed its border, and two Turkish jets had been harassed by an unidentified Mig-29.

    Syrian army personnel fire a cannon in Latakia province
  60. Watch: Moment shot jet plummets to ground at Syrian border

    HaberTurk TV Channel releases footage showing a burning plane plummeting to the ground. 

    You can watch it here.  

  61. 'Impossible to answer' whether right to self-defence will be invoked, says Putin's spokesman

    Asked whether Russia will invoke its right to self-defence as envisaged in the UN Charter over the loss of its military aircraft on the Syrian-Turkish border, Russian presidential press secretary Dmitriy Peskov replied: "Until there are clarifying reports, it is impossible to answer this question." 

    He said: "So far, the defence ministry has not yet confirmed what brought our warplane down. We know for a fact that the aircraft was in Syrian airspace, above Syrian territory."

    He refused to confirm rumours that President Vladimir Putin was planning to call an extraordinary meeting of the Russian Security Council following the incident. 

    But he added it is likely Putin may discuss the matter during talks with Jordanian King Abdullah II in Sochi today. 

  62. BreakingRussian presidential press secretary: Downing of jet "very serious incident"

    President Vladimir Putin's spokesman Dmitry Peskov has called the downing of a Russian Su-24 warplane in Syria a "very serious incident", but said it was too early to draw conclusions.

  63. Plane said to have crashed in mountainous area near Latakia

    The UK-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights says the Russian jet crashed in the mountainous Jabal Turkmen area of Latakia, where air strikes and fighting between rebels and Syrian government forces were reported earlier on Tuesday.  

    Map showing the crash site near Latakia
  64. Turkish TV channel releases images of Russian jet crashing at Syrian border

    The jet nears the ground
    a burning trail as a plane comes down
  65. Unconfirmed Turkish reports: Turkmen rebel group captured one pilot

    The BBC's Selin Girit says there are reports that one of the pilots has been captured by an ethnic Turkmen rebel group, but this has not been confirmed by independent sources.

    Some reports are also suggesting that the remains of the plane fell into a Turkmen refugee camp. Turkmen have been fleeing Russian air strikes and the war with President Assad's forces. 

    Turkey has previously expressed concern about the fate of Turkmen, who are ethnically quite close to the Turkish, in Syria.

  66. Moscow correspondent: 'Direct contradiction between Russian and Turkish accounts'

    Moscow correspondent Sarah Rainsford tells BBC World there is a key contradiction at the moment in the accounts from Turkey and Russia. 

    Sarah Rainsford

    She says: "While Turkey is talking about shooting down a plane over its airspace, Russia is saying first and foremost that this Russian plane was in Syrian airspace for the entirety of its flight and it claims it can prove that."   

    Russian state media is also discussing the possibility that the plane was shot down by rebels with a surface to air missile.

    "That is in direct contradiction to what the Turkish military is saying - that two F-16 fighters made repeated attempts to make contact with the jet which was violating its airspace and then shot that plane down."

  67. Close-up footage of the Russian plane after it was hit

    Video footage shown by the HaberTurk TV Channel shows a burning trail as the plane comes down after being shot down.

    Russian plane burning
  68. Russian media asks: Was a surface-to-air missile responsible for downing of Russian jet?

    BBC Monitoring

    There's been discussion in the Russian media about what could have brought the plane down. 

    Pundit Viktor Zabolotskiy, who heads the Federation of Amateur Aviators,told state-owned rolling news channel Rossiya 24 theSu-24 was most likely downed by a manpad (man-portable or shoulder-fired surface to air missile). 

    That view was echoed by Viktor Baranets, military correspondent of the pro-Kremlin tabloid Komsomolskaya Pravda. 

    But pro-Kremlin military pundit Igor Korotchenko told Rossiya 24 the plane was flying at 6,000 metres making it unreachable by a manpad. 

    BBC correspondent Jonathan Marcus has previously reported on how su-24s are vulnerable to manpads.

  69. Nato 'in touch with Turkish authorities' after downing of Russian plane

    A press spokesman for Nato says it is "in touch with the Turkish authorities" but no further statements will be made for the moment.  

  70. Russian defence ministry: Downed plane was Su-24 fighter jet

    The Russian defence ministry has confirmed its plane downed on the Turkish border, was an Su-24 fighter jet.

    A Sukhoi Su-24 fighter jet takes off from the Hmeymim air base near Latakia, Syria,
  71. Reports Russian pilot of downed jet 'captured'

    BBC Monitoring

    Syrian activists have been quoted as saying that one of the pilots of the Russian Su-24 has been captured. He is said to be being held in the mountainous Utayrah area in Turkmen Mount, Qatar-based Al-Jazeera Arabic TV reports.

  72. Downed Russian jet analysis: Diplomatic fireworks ahead

    Jonathan Marcus

    BBC Defence correspondent

    This is exactly the kind of incident that many have feared since Russia launched its air operations in Syria. 

    The dangers of operating near to the Turkish border have been all too apparent.

    Turkish planes have already shot down at least one Syrian Air Force jet and possibly a helicopter as well.

    There are conflicting reports as to whether it was ground fire or Turkish jets that brought down the Russian plane. 

    Air operations in the crowded skies over Syria just got a good deal more complicated.

    The only mitigating factor is that initial reports suggest that two parachutes were seen so the Russian crew at least got out of their stricken aircraft. Diplomatic fireworks ahead!

  73. Turkey: 'Jets downed the plane'

    Turkey says its F-16 fighter jets shot down the Russian plane, but Russia says the plane was downed from the ground.

    A Turkish F-16 fighter jet takes off from Incirlik airbase in the southern city of Adana, Turkey
    Image caption: Turkish F-16 fighter jet
  74. Fighter jet shot down near Syria's border with Turkey: What we know so far

    • The Russian defence ministry has confirmed that its Su-24 fighter jet was shot down near Syria's border with Turkey.
    • Turkey says the plane violated its airspace, but Russia denies this.
    • Russia has said the plane was shot down from the ground, while Turkey says its fighter planes downed the plane.
    • Turkey says they gave 10 warnings before shooting down the plane.  
    • Russia has confirmed that the two pilots ejected themselves, but their whereabouts and fate are not yet known.