Been and Gone: Ref who gave first World Cup penalty
Our regular column covering the passing of significant - but lesser-reported - people of the past month.
When football referee Jack Taylor pointed to the spot on 7 July 1974, he was creating history by awarding the first penalty ever seen in a World Cup final.
It was just two minutes into the game when Holland player Johan Cruyff was pulled down by a West German defender. The successful kick put the Dutch 1-0 up before the Germans had touched the ball. The Wolverhampton-born Taylor awarded another penalty in the 26th minute, this time to West Germany, leading to a verbal attack from Cruyff which got an inevitable yellow card. His large frame made him an imposing figure on the field and he gained a reputation for the firm but fair control of every game in which he officiated. In a career spanning three decades he refereed more than 1,000 games, and he was always happy to explain his decisions to anyone who asked.
The full-body CT (computerised tomography) scanner has saved thousands of lives since being developed by the US scientist, Robert Ledley. By providing three dimensional images of cross-sections of the human body, it helps improve diagnosis and reduce the need for exploratory surgery. Ledley had begun his interest in the use of computer technology in diagnostic medicine in the 1950s after being introduced to computing by his wife, who worked as a programmer. He built on the pioneering work of the British Nobel prize winner Godfrey Hounsfield, who had developed a machine that could scan heads. Working at Georgetown University in Washington, Ledley's team produced the first full-body scanner in 1974. While his first love was physics, his parents insisted that he qualify as a dental surgeon so he had a profession to fall back on. This led to colleagues joking that he was the only physicist they knew who could also pull a tooth.
Indian nationalists who rejected the peaceful approach of Mahatma Gandhi turned to the Japanese army during World War II to help them end British rule. Among them was Lakshmi Sehgal, a doctor from Madras who formed the women's wing of the new Indian National Army under the control of Subhas Chandra Bose. Dubbed the Rani of Jhansi regiment, after a heroine of the Indian Mutiny, the new force recruited heavily from Indian migrant workers across South East Asia, including Japanese-occupied Singapore where Sehgal was working among Indian labourers. By the time the first female recruits passed out from their training course, the tide of war had turned against the Japanese. She was arrested by British troops and sent back to India where the high level of anti-British feeling saw her quickly released. She returned to medicine and entered the upper house of the Indian parliament as a member of the Communist Party of India.
When the BBC set up its first local radio stations in 1967, it was thought that the sprawling size of London might make it a tough place to be local. In the event it was Peter Redhouse, a former current affairs editor, who was installed as the station's first manager when it aired in 1970. He successfully came up with programme ideas that appealed to London's diverse audience - so much so that BBC managers began to worry about the impact the new station was having on the success of the national networks in the capital. In the mid-70s he became general manager of BBC Local Radio, successfully fighting off suggestions that with the advent of commercial radio, the BBC stations should be taken out of the licence fee. Redhouse began his broadcasting career in the World Service before moving on to Radio 4's Today programme.
Film producer Richard Zanuck's career took something of a nosedive in 1970 when his father Darryl, co-founder of 20th Century Fox, fired him after suspecting his son was planning to usurp his position as Fox president. His involvement with the 1967 flop, Dr Dolittle, also contributed to his ejection from the Fox studios. Undeterred, the young Zanuck formed a production company with David Brown and the duo produced the Oscar winning film The Sting in 1973. They also teamed up with an up-and-coming director named Steven Spielberg. Their first venture, Sugarland Express, flopped but the follow-up Jaws became one of the top grossing films of all time. In 1989, now in partnership with his wife, Zanuck shared an Oscar for Driving Miss Daisy, starring Jessica Tandy. He later went on to work with the director, Tim Burton, on films such as Alice in Wonderland and Sweeney Todd.
EV Thompson's tales of 19th Century Cornwall struck a huge chord with his readers. His first book, Chase the Wind, was voted the best historical novel of the year and was translated into 14 languages. Bearing a striking similarity to Winston Graham's Poldark novels, Thompson's portrayals of loves and disasters set among the tin mines and moors of Cornwall made his books bestsellers. A prolific writer, he published more than 40 books - most, but not all, set in Cornwall where he had moved in the early 1970s. He had begun writing short stories while serving in the Bristol constabulary, where he had a spell on the vice squad before going on to work as an aviation security officer. Speaking about his work, he said: "It is rewarding. I enjoy the writing and the research. The fact the books succeed is a bonus."
This story has been amended to remove a suggestion that EV Thompson's work was not popular with critics.
Among others who died in July were:
- journalist and presenter, Sir Alastair Burnet
- star of the BBC series Poldark, Angharad Rees
- keyboard player, composer and founder member of Deep Purple, Jon Lord
- comedy writer and actor, Eric Sykes
- character actor Ernest Borgnine
- actress Mary Tamm, Romana in Doctor Who
- and Simon Ward, star of Young Winston and the irascible Sir Monty in Judge John Deede.