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  1. How does UK aid spending compare with other countries?

    Reality Check

    Chancellor Rishi Sunak defended the government’s decision to cut foreign aid spending from 0.7% of national income to 0.5%.

    He said that, even after the change next year, “the UK would remain the second highest aid donor in the G7”.

    According to the latest data from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) the UK’s current foreign aid budget is smaller in absolute terms than both the United States’ and Germany’s.

    In 2019, the UK spent $19.4bn (£14.6bn) on foreign aid, while the US allocated $34.6bn (£25.9bn) to foreign aid and Germany spent $23.8bn (£17.9bn).

    Mr Sunak has said that UK aid spending will fall to $13.3 (£10bn) in 2021.

    Both the US and Germany have larger economies than the UK so when you look at aid spending as a proportion of national income, the UK – with its current 0.7% - ranks higher than them – and tops the list of the G7 wealthiest countries:

    When the UK aid budget falls to 0.5% next year - it will drop behind Germany (0.6%), putting it in second place in the G7 - as the Chancellor said.

    But if the reduced aid budget remained the same into 2022, the UK would also fall behind France - which plans to increase its aid budget to 0.55% of GDP by 2022

    Mr Sunak did say the government’s “intention is to return to 0.7% when the fiscal situation allows” but gave no specific timeline.

  2. Is the government meeting its recruitment targets?

    Reality Check

    During his speech earlier, the Chancellor Rishi Sunak referenced some key pledges on public sector recruitment.

    Despite the disruption caused by coronavirus, some of these have shown progress over the past year:

    • There are 5,824 additional police officers in England and Wales compared with October 2019, recruited through the “uplift” scheme. The government has pledged to recruit 20,000 additional officers by March 2023.
    • The number of nurses in the NHS in England increased by 13,781 in the year to July. The government has pledged to increase the number of nurses by 50,000 by 2024.
    • But there are 335 fewer GPs in June 2020 than there were in the previous year. The government pledged 6,000 more GPs by 2024.

    When it comes to NHS staffing numbers, we are comparing with the same month in the previous year rather than December 2019 (when the election was held), because there can be seasonal dips in staff numbers. This means the comparisons are more like-for-like.

    And on policing, it is important to remember that around 20,000 police officers were cut between 2010 and 2018.

  3. How much could the foreign aid budget fall?

    Reality Check

    The government announced in July that it would be cutting the foreign aid budget by £2.9bn this year.

    It was set to be £15.8bn this year (but that was before the pandemic struck) so the cut would bring it down to £12.9bn.

    The amount spent on foreign aid is fixed – by law - at 0.7% of GNI (that’s a measure of how much is produced in the economy, similar to GDP).

    As the economy is expected to be considerably smaller this year because of the impact of Covid-19, it means 0.7% of it will be worth less.

    The £2.9bn implies that the government is expecting the economy to be about 18% smaller this year than they thought before the pandemic.

    As it is rumoured that the government may also be planning to cut the aid budget to 0.5% of GNI, which would reduce it to about £9.2bn this year, although you would expect it to be more in subsequent years when the economy recovers.

  4. How many pubs will be affected by the new tier system?

    Reality Check

    Bar staff in face masks

    Outlining the new system of restrictions, Prime Minister Boris Johnson said that in tier three areas, all hospitality must close (apart from delivery and takeaway) and in tier two areas, alcohol may only be served with “substantial meals”.

    That’s bad news for so-called “wet” pubs, which are ones that do not serve substantial meals.

    The British Beer and Pub Association says they account for two thirds of pubs in England – that’s about 25,000.They will still be allowed to open in tier one.

    There’s not been a lot of specific scientific evidence supporting the substantial meal rule, although the Scottish government’s impact assessment has some details.

    It explains that clinicians believe consuming alcohol limits people’s ability to follow coronavirus rules. It says combining drinking with a main meal cuts the effect of the alcohol as well as reducing the volume and speed of consumption.

  5. Video content

    Video caption: US election 2020: How much did it cost and who paid for it?

    The US elections in 2020 cost a record $14bn. BBC Reality Check takes a look at where it came from and how it was spent

  6. Video content

    Video caption: Some common concerns about electric cars explained.
  7. The false claims spreading on social media about coronavirus vaccines

    Reality Check

    Boris Johnson was asked about the spread of disinformation by anti-vaccination activists and whether social media companies should be doing more to remove them.

    The prime minister said the government would be responding to the consultation on the ‘online harms’ white paper shortly and will be setting out plans for legislation.

    News of breakthroughs in coronavirus vaccine development – in recent days – has seen a resurgence in false claims about Covid-19 vaccines – including the baseless conspiracy theory that they’re part of a secret plan (involving the Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates) to implant microchips into humans - so they can be tracked.

    BBC Reality Check has been investigating this and other vaccine claims here.

  8. How much personal protective equipment (PPE) is made in the UK?

    Reality Check

    Prime Minister Boris Johnson was asked about the National Audit Office investigation into the Covid-related contracts the government has been awarding since the start of the pandemic. A lot of them are for PPE – which covers things like masks, goggles and gowns.

    He said: “70% of PPE is now made in this country or capable of being made in this country”

    This figure is the government’s target for December rather than the proportion of PPE manufactured in the UK at the moment.

    In September, a policy paper published by the Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC) said that UK-based manufacturers are “anticipated to meet 70% of forecasted demand in December for all categories of PPE, excluding gloves”. (Gloves are excluded as raw materials are not available in the UK.)

    The target is ambitious, especially because in June, the DHSC said that it was expecting that only 20% of all PPE will be manufactured in the UK by the end of the year.

    The figure for the proportion of PPE currently made in the UK is not publicly available at the moment.

  9. What does testing capacity mean?

    Reality Check

    Health Secretary Matt Hancock has mentioned two new coronavirus testing “mega labs” which he said could increase testing capacity by 600,000 tests a day.

    But capacity does not mean actually processing that many tests, just that there is the ability – in theory - to do that many.

    For example, on 12 November, there was UK lab capacity for 520,000 tests, but in reality 380,000 tests were processed.

    This means labs were running at about 73% of capacity.

    The government says on an ideal day they will be working at 85% of capacity, to allow some room if there is a surge in demand for tests.