Snail, gecko and carnivore in 'top 10 new species' 2014

Published
image captionA top 10 list of species discovered in the last 12 months is topped by the olinguito (Bassaricyon neblina), a carnivore dwelling in the treetops of the Andes. This racoon relative caused a stir after a neglected specimen was first discovered in a Chicago museum drawer.
image captionThe list compiled by the International Institute for Species Exploration includes the leaf-tailed gecko (Saltuarius eximius). With a wide tail for extra camouflage, it waits for its prey on vertical surfaces of rocks and trees in north-eastern Australia.
image captionA new, translucent skeleton shrimp (Liropus minusculus) is the smallest in its genus and hails from the waters off sunny California.
image captionAt 12 meters tall, Kaweesak's dragon tree (Dracaena kaweesakii) is inescapable evidence that not all undiscovered species are microscopic.
image captionNamed as a tribute to the Dutch royal family because of the bright orange colonies it forms, this fungus (Penicillium vanoranjei) was isolated from soil in Tunisia.
image captionA new parasitoid wasp from Costa Rica, Tinkerbella nana, is named after Peter Pan's diminutive companion and belongs to the minute family commonly known as fairyflies.
image captionThese newly discovered bacteria (Tersicoccus phoenicis) are called called clean room microbes, because they resist our attempts to sterilise places like the spacecraft assembly rooms where they were detected.
image captionAmong single-celled creatures, this 4 to 5cm amoeboid from the Mediterranean (Spiculosiphon oceana) is a giant. It builds a shell from sponge fragments and feeds on invertebrates.
image captionThe first sea anemone ever reported to live in ice (Edwardsiella andrillae) was photographed under a glacier in Antarctica.
image captionFound in pitch blackness 900m below the ground in Croatian caves, this tiny domed land snail (Zospeum tholussum) has no shell pigment, no eyes, and crawls a few millimetres a week. Words by Jonathan Webb.