E-cigarettes might not be a safer alternative to smoking during pregnancy, researchers at Durham University have found.
The study - believed to be the first of its kind - found that babies of mothers who smoked e-cigarettes during pregnancy displayed similar abnormal reflexes to infants whose mothers smoked traditional cigarettes.
Abnormal reflexes can include a baby not grasping a finger with their hand or not being startled if the hand supporting their head is suddenly removed.
Researchers said the findings had important implications for policy guidelines, and further investigation was needed.Copyright: Getty Images
The study looked at the outcomes of 83 one-month-old babies including 44 born to mothers who did not smoke during pregnancy, 29 who smoked cigarettes and ten who smoked e-cigarettes.
Lead author Suzanne Froggatt, a PhD researcher at the university, said: “Nicotine can cause widespread negative effects on the central nervous system, subsequently affecting brain development, with animal studies indicating the devastating effects within the brain.
“Although e-cigarettes might expose the mother to fewer toxins than cigarettes, given the uncontrolled amount of nicotine in e-cigarette consumption and the effects on the fetus which can be seen post-natally, more investigation is needed.”
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In the UK, doctors say switching from smoking to e-cigarettes will save lives; in the US, there have been deaths linked to vaping, but the evidence is mixed. How risky is it?
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Ewan Fisher suffered serious respiratory failure after smoking e-cigarettes at the age of 16.
Juul has axed a number of senior workers as part of its shake-up.
Chief administrative officer Ashley Gould and chief financial officer Tim Danaher, two veteran employees at the young start-up, were let go.
Newcomers Craig Brommers, chief marketing officer, and David Foster, senior vice president of advanced technologies, also left.
- Copyright: Getty Images
E-Cigarette maker Juul is to cut up to 15% of its staff as it attempts to deal with a growing backlash against vaping
It has pulled back sharply from plans for rapid growth after attracting close scrutiny from regulators and lawmakers wary of the health impacts of vaping, particularly among young people.
“To right-size the business, the workforce will be reduced between now and the end of the year,” Juul said.
Around 500 jobs could go, the Wall Street Journal reported