1. Video content

    Video caption: Ethiopia Tigray crisis: 'We came with the clothes on our backs'

    The on-going conflict in northern Ethiopia has forced civilians from the Tigray region to flee to eastern Sudan.

  2. UNHCR: More than 30,000 people flee to Sudan

    The UN's refugee agency says more than 30,000 people have fled to Sudan because of the ongoing conflict in Ethiopia's Tigray region.

    UNHCR emergency coordinator Jens Hesemann described the situation at the border to BBC Newsday.

    "The situation is increasing everyday, yesterday alone we had 2,300 new arrivals, the day before we had over 5,000 new arrivals," he said.

    The agency's transit centre has been overwhelmed as they were meant to accommodate fewer refugees.

    "The community has been generous by sharing the little they have with the arriving refugees, the authorities have also been very good about it they are identifying land where we can set these refugees for the inland which is very important," Mr Hesemann said.

    The refugees are concerned about their safety.

    "They speak of violence some of them have said they have fled direct fighting. They are really worried and what is significant is people looking over their shoulders, asking are we safe here," Mr Hesemann said.

    Here is the full interview on BBC Newsday:

    Video content

    Video caption: "People are looking over their shoulders, asking 'are we safe here'"
  3. Russia plans naval base in Sudan

    BBC World Service

    Map of Sudan

    Russian President Vladimir Putin has given the go-ahead to an agreement with Sudan on setting up a Russian naval facility on Sudan's Red Sea coast.

    Russia plans to create a logistics and repair hub for its navy that will be limited to 300 personnel.

    According to a draft agreement, the base will stand on the northern outskirts of Port Sudan.

    Analysts say that Moscow has become increasingly involved in Africa in recent years, partly to limit both Chinese and US influence on the continent.

  4. Sudan and Egypt begin joint air exercises

    Ibrahim Haithar

    BBC Monitoring

    Sudan and Egypt over the weekend started joint air exercises, dubbed The Nile Eagles 1, at the Merowe air base in northern Sudan.

    The joint drills will continue until 26 November.

    It's the first of its kind military exercise between the two North Africa neighbours since the era of former Sudanese President Jaafar al-Nimeri in the 1970s.

    "The joint air drills will carry out many activities, including planning and managing joint air combats, air offensive and defensive operations by the multi-role combat aircraft from the two countries. Also, airborne forces will conduct combat search and rescue exercises," a spokesman for the Egyptian army said in a statement.

    The army chiefs of Sudan and Egypt met in Sudan's capital,Khartoum, on 31 October and agreed to enhance joint military co-operation.

    The training comes days after talks between Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia on the Grand Renaissance Dam failed.

    It also comes at a time when Ethiopia is engaged in a military conflict with its opposition-led Tigray region.

    Early in October, Ethiopia banned flights in its airspace over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) for security reasons.

    The controversial dam, which is expected to be the largest in Africa, has strained Ethiopia's relations with Egypt and, to some extent, also with Sudan.

  5. Video content

    Video caption: Ethiopia Tigray crisis: 'We fled from death and murder'

    Ethiopians explain why they fled their homes in Tigray to seek refuge in Sudan.

  6. Sudan struggling to cater for Ethiopian refugees

    Members of the Amhara militia, that combat alongside federal and regional forces against northern region of Tigray
    Image caption: Members of the Amhara militia, who fight alongside federal and regional forces in Tigray

    At least 5,000 Ethiopians have crossed the border to neighbouring Sudan as the government continues with a military offensive in the northern Tigray region, a commissioner for refugees in Sudan's Kassala state has told the BBC's Focus on Africa programme.

    Al Sir Khalid said that as many as 20,000 refugees could cross the border this week.

    He said that some of the refugees had walked for two or three days to escape "bombardment", and that some of them were Ethiopian soldiers.

    Mr Khalid said that the border centre had been overwhelmed and he was "very worried about the situation".

    He added:

    Quote Message: The response is very slow, viable life-saving services are not there: no food, no shelter. The centre there can accommodate only 300 persons"

    He said NGOs and humanitarian organisations had responded to the refugee needs but more needed to be done.

    He praised the kindness of local villagers who had come out to help the refugees.

    Quote Message: Whenever there are newcomers, the Sudanese are the first to go and help. Farmers and local citizens, they share what they have: food, latrines and accommodated some of them, but their capacity is limited because they are poor people."

    Listen to the full interview here:

    Video content

    Video caption: Alsir Khaled, the head of Sudan's refugee agency in Kassala talks about the situation

    Last week, Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed announced a military operation against the regional government of Tigray, accusing it of treason after its fighters seized a command centre hosting federal troops.

    Mr Abiy, the winner of last year's Nobel Peace Prize, has sought to allay fears expressed by neighbouring countries that the operation could spill over beyond Ethiopian borders.

    Read the latest updates about the conflict in Tigray.

  7. Ex-Sudanese PM sent to UAE after contracting virus

    Former Sudanese Prime Minister Sadiq al-Mahdi has been transferred to the United Arab Emirates for treatment after contracting coronavirus.

    The National Umma Party (NUP), in a statement, said its leader was being treated in Sudan before a decision was made to take him abroad.

    Some 21 members of the al-Mahdi family have also contracted the virus, according to Anadolu news agency.

    The family members are all in a stable condition.

    Well wishers have tweeted quick recovery messages to al-Mahdi:

    View more on twitter

    Sudan has so far 13,819 confirmed cases of coronavirus including 837 deaths.

  8. Sudan doubles domestic fuel prices

    BBC World Service

    The government of Sudan has doubled the price of domestically produced fuels and more than quadrupled those of imported hydrocarbons.

    The move is aimed at reducing budget deficit and removing fuel subsidies but is expected to cause anger across the country.

    The acting Energy Minister, Khayry Abd-al-Rahman, told a news conference late on Tuesday that with immediate effect the price of imported petrol would rise to $2.17(£1.60), up from fifty cents a litre, while locally produced petrol will double in price to just over $1 a litre.

    Sudan has been suffering from severe fuel shortages.

  9. Talks on Nile Dam dispute to resume

    Kalkidan Yibeltal

    BBC News, Addis Ababa

    Ethiopia's Grand Renaissance Dam

    Talks between Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt over the controversial mega-dam across the Blue Nile are set to resume on Tuesday after a seven-week hiatus.

    The announcement by South Africa's President and Africa Union chairman, Cyril Ramaphosa, comes days after US President Donald Trump suggested that Egypt might “blow up” the dam.

    Ethiopia sees the US as siding with Egypt in the dispute and termed Mr Trump’s remarks as “reckless, unproductive and a violation of international law”.

    It has summoned US ambassador in Addis Ababa.

    The resumption of the talks is a “reaffirmation of the confidence that the parties have in an African-led negotiations process," Mr Ramaphosa’s statement on Monday said.

    Dina Mufti, a spokesperson at Ethiopia’ foreign affairs ministry, has told the BBC's that government believes Mr Trump’s remarks will not deter the negotiations.

    “The three countries are in talks with the African Union as a negotiator. This doesn’t concern the President [Trump]. The only thing that concerns him is to encourage and support us to arrive at a deal and then accept our agreements,” Mr Dina said.

    Ethiopia sees the $4.6bn (£3.5bn) Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam in the western part of the country as an integral part of its plan to provide electricity for tens of millions of its citizens.

    But Egypt and Sudan, who are dependent on the Nile waters, are concerned that it might impact their water supplies.

    Despite sitting down for negotiations multiple times, the three countries have not managed to arrive at a comprehensive deal.

    Read more:

  10. Israel to send $5m of wheat to 'new friend' Sudan

    Israel will send $5m (£3.8m) worth of wheat to its "new friend" Sudan, according to a statement from Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's office.

    Sudan is preparing to normalise relations with Israel - the latest in a series of Arab League countries to do so. A statement released last week said delegations would meet "in the coming weeks".

    The African country is facing a nationwide food crisis.

    Mr Netanyahu's office said on Twitter that Israel will also assist Sudan's transition:

    View more on twitter

    President Donald Trump has moved to remove Sudan from the US list of state sponsors of terrorism.

    Sudan is in transition from the military dictatorship of its former leader, Omar al-Bashir.

    Read more:

  11. Trump tells Congress he will remove Sudan from terror list

    BBC World Service

    Donald Trump

    US President Donald Trump has told Congress that he will formerly rescind Sudan’s designation as a State Sponsor of Terrorism.

    In a statement, the White House said the move follows Sudan's agreement to transfer more than $300m (£230m) into an account for terror victims and their families.

    At the same time un-named US officials have said that diplomatic ties between Sudan and Israel continue to move closer and could be announced later on Friday.

    Read more: Why Trump wants Sudan to befriend Israel

  12. Trump ready to remove Sudan from terrorism list

    Video content

    Video caption: "This is a big step for our country. It is the happiest news ever"

    "This is a big step for our country. It is the happiest news ever"

  13. Sudan ready to cooperate with ICC over Bashir

    BBC World Service

    Omar al Bashir
    Image caption: Omar al-Bashir is currently in detention in Khartoum convicted of corruption and other charges

    The Sudanese authorities say they're ready to cooperate with the International Criminal Court over charges faced by the former President, Omar al-Bashir, and other ex-officials.

    A delegation led by the ICC prosecutor Fatou Bensouda is currently in Sudan, investigating the conflict in Darfur in the early 2000s.

    Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok said his government was committed to achieving justice.

    Bashir has been charged by the ICC with genocide and crimes against humanity.

    He's currently in detention in Khartoum convicted of corruption and facing further charges related to the coup that brought him to power in 1989.

  14. Video content

    Video caption: Sudan khalwas: Undercover in the schools that chain boys

    A BBC News Arabic investigation has uncovered systemic child abuse inside Islamic schools in Sudan.