1. Sudan fuel prices double as all subsidies removed

    Sudanese drivers queue up to pump their vehicles with fuel in Omdourman on March 11, 2020.
    Image caption: Fuel price rises in the past have sparked protests

    Sudan has removed all subsidies for imported fuel, doubling the price of petrol and diesel.

    The price of petrol will rise from 150 Sudanese pounds ($0.35; £0.25) per litre to 290 pounds while diesel will now cost 285 pounds a litre from 125 pounds, according to the finance ministry.

    It said subsidies cost the country a billion dollars a year.

    The ministry added that despite the latest increase, the price of fuel in Sudan remained among the lowest in Africa.

    Previous price rises have sparked protests.

    Economic reforms carried out since the overthrow of the long-standing president, Omar al-Bashir, two years ago have contributed to the devaluation of the Sudanese currency and a huge rise in inflation to more than 300% a year.

  2. Thousands demand justice for Khartoum protest dead

    Sudanese take part in a march against the Rapid Support Forces, who they blame for a raid on protesters who had camped outside the defence ministry during the 2019 revolution

    Thousands of people in the Sudanese capital, Khartoum, have been marching to demand justice for those killed in anti-government protests two years ago.

    Security forces closed the main roads leading to the army headquarters ahead of the demonstration.

    Campaigners say at least 128 people were killed in June 2019 when armed men violently dispersed a protest camp outside the headquarters.

    The crowd had been there for weeks, calling for civilian rule after the ousting of Sudan's President, Omar al-Bashir.

    Watch this film about events on that day:

    Video content

    Video caption: Sudan’s livestream massacre
  3. ICC prosecutor asks Sudan to hand over key suspect

    International Criminal Court chief prosecutor Fatou Bensouda (L) meets with the governor of Sudan's state of South Darfur Mousa Mahdi on 31 May
    Image caption: The ICC prosecutor has been visiting Sudan

    The International Criminal Court’s prosecutor has asked Sudan to hand over a key suspect accused of war crimes and genocide in Darfur.

    Fatou Bensouda made the call to the authorities to give up Ahmed Haroun, a key ally of ousted President Omar al-Bashir, to face trial along with a former militia leader accused of similar crimes.

    The former Janjaweed leader Abd-Al-Rahman, also known as Ali Kushayb, handed himself over to the court last year.

    Ms Bensouda, who spoke in Khartoum after concluding a visit to Darfur, noted the confirmation of charges against Ali Kushayb last week, adding that they “were against both himself and Ahmed Haroun" and should be tried together.

    The conflict in Darfur began back in 2003 when armed groups there rebelled against the government, saying their region was neglected.

    Khartoum responded by arming Arab nomad herders, who became known as the notorious Janjaweed, and paying them to brutally supress the uprising.

    The violence led to the deaths of 300,000 people and displaced more than two million , according to the UN.

    On Wednesday, Ms Bensouda told reporters that the ICC had held “positive” talks regarding the transfer of the former president, who is being held in prison in Khartoum, to face trial for charges including genocide.

  4. Sudan declares state of emergency over clashes

    A map of Sudan

    Sudan has declared a state of emergency and a night curfew in areas affected by ethnic clashes.

    Violence was reported in some parts of the coastal city of Port Sudan.

    At least five people were killed and 13 injured, according to the state news agency, Suna.

    The Red Sea state governor's media office did not give any figures in its statement.

  5. US implements removal of Sudan from terrorism list

    BBC Monitoring

    The world through its media

    Sudan's Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok
    Image caption: Sudan Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok fought hard to get his country removed from the list

    The US has completed the process to remove Sudan from its list of state-sponsored terrorism.

    A document by the US treasury department said: "The Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) is amending the Terrorism List Governments Sanctions Regulations... to implement the rescission of the designation of Sudan as a State Sponsor of Terrorism."

    The decision officially entered into force on Wednesday.

    On 14 December 2020, US formally removed Sudan from the list, ending 27 years of US sanctions and severe damage inflicted on the country's economy. It was a major win for civilian Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok and his government.

    The country was put on the US list after the first attack on the World Trade Center in New York in 1993, when Sudan hosted a number of Islamist militant groups as well as al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden.

  6. Sudan fires top judge and public prosecutor resigns

    Sudanese demonstrators gather to commemorate for people who lost their lives in 2019's protests
    Image caption: Many people in Sudan have been demanding justice for the protesters killed in 2019

    Sudan has announced the resignation of its chief prosecutor and sacked the head of the judiciary.

    The country's governing sovereign council on Monday said that it had accepted the resignation of Tajalsir al-Hibir, the public prosecutor, who had submitted his resignation several times in the past.

    No reasons were given for the decisions - which came after the council ordered an investigation into last week's killing of two protesters outside the army headquarters in Khartoum.

    Many people in Sudan have also been demanding justice for the dozens killed during protests in 2019 that led to the ousting of President Omar al-Bashir.

  7. France promises to lend Sudan $1.5bn

    Will Ross

    Africa editor, BBC World Service

    Sudan cash
    Image caption: Sudan's inflation rate is at more than 300%

    The French government has said it will lend Sudan $1.5bn (£1.06bn) to help the country pay off its arrears to the International Monetary Fund.

    This could pave the way for much of the country's $50bn external debt to be forgiven under the IMF and World Bank's Highly Indebted Poor Countries scheme.

    Sudan is emerging from decades of economic sanctions and isolation under former President Omar al-Bashir who was ousted following protests two years ago.

    The transitional government, led by Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok, is now trying to steer the country out of its deep economic crisis with inflation at more than 300%.

  8. South Sudan blames Sudan for fresh Abyei killings

    Will Ross

    Africa editor, BBC World Service

    A map of South Sudan and Sudan

    Twelve civilians have been killed by members of a militia in the oil-rich Abyei region, the authorities in South Sudan are reporting.

    In an official statement, South Sudan accused neighbouring Sudan of assisting the Misseriya militia in the attack early on Sunday.

    The Sudanese government has not commented.

    The Abyei region has long been claimed by both countries and has seen frequent clashes between people from the Dinka ethnic group and the Arab Misseriya militia.

    Since 2011 a UN peacekeeping force has been based there.

    The UN recently said relations between the two communities were tense and described the area as both volatile and unpredictable.

  9. Sudan to try seven soldiers over protesters' killing

    Will Ross

    Africa editor, BBC World Service

    Demonstrators gather outside the army headquarters in Sudan's capital Khartoum on May 11, 2021
    Image caption: The protesters were demanding justice for victims of 2019 unrest

    Seven members of the Sudan military have been arrested and will be prosecuted in connection with the killing of two demonstrators in the capital, Khartoum, last week.

    The head of the interim sovereign council running the country, General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, ordered an investigation into Tuesday’s deaths that happened outside the army headquarters in Khartoum.

    But many people in Sudan are angry that there has still not been any justice for a far bigger atrocity that happened almost two years ago.

    Then as protesters called for a return to civilian rule following the overthrow of President Omar al-Bashir, soldiers opened fire. At least 128 people died.

    The men who fired the weapons were from the much feared Rapid Support Forces - headed by Mohammed Hamdan Dagalo who today is the deputy head of the military council.

  10. Two killed in Khartoum protests

    BBC Monitoring

    The world through its media

    Two protesters were killed in Sudan's capital Khartoum on Tuesday after security forces fired bullets and tear gas to disperse a demonstration to mark the second anniversary of a raid on a peaceful sit-in protest in 2019 that left more than 100 protesters dead, a statement by the Ministry of Health said.

    Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok issued a statement condemning the incident, saying the use of live bullets on protesters was an intolerable "full-scale crime".

    “The slowness of the justice system in investigating crimes and bringing criminals to justice has become a constant cause for concern," Mr Hamdok said, while calling for talks between Sudan's military and civilian leadership to "review and correct our path".

    A journalist shared a video of the moment security forces moved to break up the protest.

    View more on twitter

    A statement by the Sudanese armysaid that it "regretted the incident" and stressed that "no instructions had been issued to the forces deployed at the General Command to use live ammunition against citizens".

  11. Ethiopian ex-UN peacekeepers seek asylum in Sudan

    Will Ross

    Africa editor, BBC World Service

    Peacekeeper troops from Ethiopia and deployed in the United Nations (UN) Interim Security Force for Abyei patrol at night in Abyei town, Abyei state, on December 14, 2016.
    Image caption: They refuse to go home because they fear persecution

    The UN says more than 100 former peacekeepers from Ethiopia have sought international protection and have applied for asylum in Sudan.

    They had been part of the recently closed UN mission in Darfur.

    This comes after other Ethiopian peacekeepers originally from the conflict hit Tigray region - refused to return to Ethiopia out of fear of persecution.

    There is increasing concern over allegations of atrocities committed during the six-month conflict in Tigray.

    The UN says instead of returning home when their mission ended in the Darfur region, around 120 Ethiopian peacekeepers applied for asylum in Sudan.

    This development is likely to be linked to the ethnic tensions that have deepened in Ethiopia as a result of the conflict in the northern Tigray region.

    In February in South Sudan another group of Ethiopian peacekeepers who were originally from Tigray refused to go home saying they feared persecution.

    There have been many reports of human rights abuses during the six-month conflict.

    On Saturday the head of Ethiopia's Orthodox Church - himself an ethnic Tigrayan - said the atrocities amount to agenocide.

  12. Key Darfur accused wants to be tried at ICC

    Ahmed Haroun
    Image caption: Ahmed Haroun, pictured here in 2011, was at one time a minister of state for the interior

    One of the top former Sudanese officials accused of carrying out war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur has said he wants to be put on trial at the International Criminal Court (ICC) rather than in Sudan.

    Ahmed Haroun was a key ally of former President Omar al-Bashir.

    Bashir, who was ousted in 2019 after 30 years in power, is also wanted by the ICC.

    Mr Haroun, who was detained in Sudan after Mr Bashir was toppled, has told a court in a statement that he was being held in "bad faith" and "in violation of the law", AFP news agency reports.

    "An authority with this miserable legal performance will not be able or willing to ensure justice," he added.

    The ICC issued a warrant for Mr Haroun's arrest in 2007 listing 42 crimes including murder and the forcible transfer of civilians.

    Sudan's transitional authority is currently talking to the ICC about the trial of Mr Bashir for alleged crimes in Darfur. He is currently in detention in Sudan after being found guilty of corruption.

  13. Ethiopia blasts Sudan over dam statement

    Ethiopia has called on Sudan to "desist from an unhelpful campaign" when it comes to the latest negotiations around the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (Gerd).

    View more on twitter

    The two countries, along with Egypt, are at loggerheads over the filling of the giant reservoir that will sit behind the dam in northern Ethiopia, which straddles the Blue Nile.

    Sudan and Egypt fear that it could restrict the water supply along the Nile, which is vital to both states.

    On Saturday, Sudan's foreign ministry criticised Ethiopia's objections to the continued application of treaties signed in the colonial era that govern how the waters of the Nile should be shared.

    Sudan pointed out that a fundamental principle of international relations is that previous treaties are stuck to.

    Ethiopia responded on Tuesday saying that the "sole aim" of these treaties was to deny a fair share of the water to those upstream.

    With less than two months until the start of the rainy season there is growing concern that the Gerd's reservoir will start filling without an agreement for a second year in a row.

    In recent months, Sudan's rhetoric about the dam has moved from being broadly welcoming to being suspicious and belligerent.

    Read more:

  14. Sudan's Hemeti mourns Déby

    A senior Sudanese military official has sent his condolences to Chadians, and praised President Idriss Déby for the "great role" he played in strengthening relations between Sudan and Chad.

    Mohamed Hamdan Dagolo, known by his nickname Hemeti, said people will remember Déby for his contribution to serving the African continent".

    View more on twitter

    Gen Hemeti grew up in a Chadian Arab clan, fleeing war to live in Sudan's western Darfur in the 1980s.

    He played a key role in the 2019 ousting of former Sudan President Omar al-Bashir.

  15. Nile dam row: Sudan's PM seeks urgent summit

    Emmanuel Igunza

    BBC News, Nairobi

    The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam on the Blue Nile
    Image caption: Ethiopia has vowed to go on with a second filling of the dam during the rainy season beginning June

    Sudan’s Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok has called for an urgent summit of leaders of Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan to try and resolve the dispute over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam.

    The talks are seen as last-ditch attempts to revive tripartite talks that collapsed last week in Kinshasa.

    Ethiopia has vowed to go on with a second filling of the dam during the rainy season beginning June. But Egypt and Sudan want a binding agreement in place before the filling continues.

    This comes as Egyptian parliamentarians vowed to "support to the hilt" President Abdul Fattah al Sisi, who has said all options are on the table in dealing with the water dispute.

    MP Tarek Redwan told a human rights conference in Cairo that Ethiopia’s PM and parliament had twice refused invitations to Egypt to listen to the plight of millions of farmers who were fearful of the impact of the dam on downstream countries.

    “Egyptian farmers are not opposed to the economic development of Ethiopia. The same water that feed their development is the same water that feed our farms and families. The River Nile should be a bind between us, not a source of dispute or war," he said.

  16. Ethiopia criticises Sudan and Egypt over dam row

    BBC Monitoring

    The world through its media

    Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam
    Image caption: Ethiopia's mega dam has led to a dispute with Sudan and Egypt

    Ethiopia has said that it has addressed "all of the concerns" Sudan had raised regarding its Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (Gerd) on the Nile river as talks regarding its operation collapsed.

    "#Ethiopia has addressed all of the concerns of #Sudan on #Gerd as they're technical. Data exchange has been offered and dam safety is an issue that's well taken care of by Ethiopia for its own safety in the first place. Who profits by Sudan's rejection of the filling of Gerd?" the Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign Affairs posted on Twitter.

    The ministry questioned why Sudan should complain about the dam after "lauding" it for years.

    Sudan and Egypt have increasingly been making similar statements concerning the dam that they see it as a threat to their share of the Nile river waters.

    The ministry also accused Egypt of failing to recognise Ethiopia's "generosity and understanding."

    Following the failure of the latest negotiations this month, Egyptian and Sudanese officials have heightened rhetoric against Ethiopia's intention to fill the dam next July.

    Years of tripartite negotiations have failed to solve the dispute over the construction of the dam which Egypt and Sudan fear would reduce their share of the Nile waters.