1. Sudan delays school opening amid floods

    People wade through flood water in Managil city in al-Gezira state, around 250Km south of the capital, on August 23, 2022.
    Image caption: Floods have killed dozens of people and displaced thousands in Sudan

    Sudan has postponed opening schools due to the floods affecting many parts of the country.

    The school academic year, which was due to begin this month across the country, has now been pushed to 2 October, local media quoted the Education Minister Mahmud Sir al-Khatim al-Huri as saying.

    At least 623 schools have been affected by the floods and the delay in the school calendar is to allow their reconstruction and rehabilitation.

    Heavy rains and flash floods have killed over 100 people and destroyed thousands of homes in more than a dozen states in Sudan in recent weeks.

  2. A third of Sudanese children missing school - UN

    Mary Harper

    Africa editor, BBC World Service

    A boy waves a national flag as protesters block a street in the Sudanese capital Khartoum, in January 2022
    Image caption: Protesters have been calling on the military to restore a civilian government

    Aid groups say about a third of children in Sudan do not go to school with multiple crises threatening to disrupt the education of millions more.

    The UN children's agency, Unicef, and charity group Save the Children say nearly seven million girls and boys in Sudan are not going to school.

    The situation has been exacerbated by big cuts in international aid following a military coup last year.

    A further 12 million will have their education severely disrupted by conflict and unrest, skyrocketing inflation and a lack of teachers and infrastructure.

    "No country can afford to have one-third of its children with no basic literacy, numeracy or digital skills. Education is not just a right - it's a lifeline," said Mandeep O’Brien, the Unicef's representative in Sudan.

    Once children drop out of school there is little chance they will return, especially girls.

    Children - and their parents - are also going hungry.

    A third of the population faces what the UN calls "acute food insecurity" with Sudan facing drought, flash floods and multiple other challenges.

    Read more:

  3. Sudan security forces kill protester - doctors committee

    BBC World Service

    Doctors in Sudan say the security forces have killed a protester during an anti-coup demonstration in the capital, Khartoum.

    Activists had called for fresh rallies on Wednesday to demand the return of civilian rule.

    The Central Committee of Sudanese Doctors said the person who was killed, who hasn't yet been identified, was hit in the head by a teargas canister then run over by a military vehicle.

    The committee says that at least 117 demonstrators have been killed since the coup that overthrew Sudan's transitional government last October.

  4. Sudan summons Ethiopian envoy over Tigray weapons remarks

    BBC Monitoring

    The world through its media

    Sudan's foreign ministry has summoned Ethiopian ambassador, Yibeltal Aemeru, after he accused Khartoum of violating diplomatic norms, the state-run Sudan News Agency (Suna) has reported.

    The ambassador had told local media that Ethiopian forces had shot down a plane carrying weapons for the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) forces, which violated Ethiopian airspace through Sudan, the agency reported.

    A director at the foreign ministry, Ambassador Fadl Abdallah Fadl, said the allegations "violates the normal diplomatic traditions".

    Sudan had in the past denied Ethiopian claims that it supports the TPLF, which has been fighting the Ethiopian government in the northern Tigray region since November 2020.

    The two countries are also embroiled in a dispute over the fertile al-Fashaga border region and also locked in a decade-long row over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam.

  5. Sudan journalists form first independent union

    BBC World Service

    Journalists in Sudan have created the country's first independent professional union in decades and elected as president a journalist working for the French news agency, AFP.

    Professional groups in Sudan have led protests against both the former president, Omar al-Bashir, who was forced from office in 2019, and the leaders of the military coup that overthrew the transitional government last October.

    Journalists aligned with Mr Bashir had attempted to prevent Sunday's vote going ahead, arguing that a new union could not replace the body that was controlled by the former president during his 30 years in power.

  6. US sends first ambassador to Sudan in 25 years

    The US has sent its first ambassador to Sudan in 25 years, two years after it removed it from the list of countries that sponsor terrorism.

    Ambassador John Godfrey arrived in the capital, Khartoum, on Wednesday and tweeted that he was delighted to be there and looked forward to supporting the Sudanese people's transition to democracy:

    View more on twitter

    Sudan was added to the list of countries that sponsor terrorism in 1993 after accusations that it supported al-Qaeda, whose founder Osama bin Laden lived in Sudan from 1992 to 1996.

    In 1997, the US downgraded representation in Sudan from ambassador to the level of charge d’affaires and imposed economic sanctions.

    The US announced plans to upgrade the representation in 2019 and the following year appointed an ambassador.

  7. Video content

    Video caption: ICC in Sudan: 'The law can’t be fire and forget, it’s not a missile'

    ICC prosecutor Karim Khan says the people of Sudan have been waiting for justice for too long.

  8. Sudan warns over rising Blue Nile waters

    Blue Nile
    Image caption: Any flooding could wreak havoc

    A Sudanese state official has issued a warning over rising waters in Blue Nile river caused by ongoing floods.

    Sennar State's Minister of Infrastructure and Urban Development Al-Mutassim Al-Taher said the current situation in the city of Sinja was manageable so long as the water levels don't rise higher.

    Citizens should take precautions and raise alerts where necessary, added the executive director of Sanja locality, Abdullah Muhammad al-Bashir.

    Flooding in the Blue Nile could break the river banks and and wreak havoc.

    At least 79 people have died this month alone because of heavy rains pounding the country, according to the government.

    Thousands of houses have collapsed as villages flooded.

  9. International prosecutor back in Sudan over Darfur

    BBC World Service

    Karim Khan
    Image caption: Karim Khan first went to Sudan in August 2021

    The prosecutor of the International Criminal Court is in Sudan for the third such visit since 2019.

    The previous time was a year ago, when the current office-holder Karim Khan held talks about outstanding arrest warrants for crimes committed during the war in Darfur in 2003.

    One of those wanted is former President Omar al-Bashir, who was ousted three years ago and is held in custody in Khartoum.

    He is wanted for genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity.

    Sudan has been facing deepening unrest after a military coup last year.

  10. Sudan police fire tear gas at anti-military protesters

    Zeinab Mohammed Salih


    People march in a demonstration demanding the return of civilian rule, near the airport in the south of Sudan's capital Khartoum on August 18, 2022.

    The police in Sudan's capital, Khartoum, have fired tear gas at thousands of protesters who took to the streets to demonstrate against the military junta.

    Young men and women carried the Sudanese flag as well as large pictures of those who had been killed in previous protests. They chanted “no to military rule” and “civilian government is the people’s choice”.

    They also burned tyres and threw stones at the police.

    The authorities closed one of Khartoum's bridges that links to an area of the city containing the military headquarters. That was where people gathered in 2019 before the coup against President Omar al-Bashir.

    This protest is part of the build-up to a planned general strike on 24 August.

    Last October, the army seized power from a civilian-led government that was supposed to run the country for a transitional period before elections following Bashir's 30-year rule.

  11. Sudan flood death toll rises to 77

    BBC World Service

    Sudan floods
    Image caption: There are fears of disease after whole areas have become submerged in water

    The authorities in Sudan have said that the number of dead due to flash floods in several parts of the country has risen to 77.

    A spokesman for the emergency services, Brigadier Abd al-Jaleel Abd-al-Haleem, told BBC Arabic that thousands of homes have been completely destroyed, with the River Nile and al-Jazirah states worst affected.

    Thousands of square kilometres of arable land are under water.

    The local administrations are providing tents and food, but have appealed to the Khartoum government and international organisations for aid to prevent water-borne diseases.

  12. At least 50 deaths in Sudan floods since May

    Patience Atuhaire

    BBC News

    Image caption: Thousands of homes have been damaged

    Heavy rains and flooding have left at least 50 people dead and injured dozens in Sudan since May, according to the country’s National Council for Civil Defence.

    More than 7,000 homes have also been damaged, with photos published by the Sudanese state media showing numerous properties either collapsed or under water.

    Many of those affected have appealed to authorities for emergency shelter, saying they have had to sleep out in the open.

    A spokesperson for the National Council for Civil Defence, Brigadier-General Abdul-Jalil Abdul-Rahman, told state TV that some of the victims drowned in floodwaters, while others died in their houses.

    The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs says that more than 136,000 people had been affected by the flooding since May, and that poor road conditions are making it difficult for aid to reach certain areas.

    Kordofan, Darfur and White Nile states are some of the worst-affected areas.

    East Africa has experienced extreme weather conditions this year, from severe droughts and long dry spells, to flooding.

  13. Sudan strongman admits ousting PM was a failed move

    Mohamed Osman & Youssef Taha

    BBC News

    Mohamed Hamdan "Hemeti" Dagolo in 2020.
    Image caption: Mohamed Hamdan "Hemeti" Dagolo is a former warlord

    The deputy head of Sudan's ruling council, General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, has acknowledged that last year's military coup and the ousting of the country's civilian prime minister has failed to bring about necessary change.

    Speaking to BBC News Arabic, the general - also known as Hemeti - said placing Abdallah Hamdok under house arrest has only made the situation worse.

    He was speaking after months of demonstrations in Khartoum and other cities by protestors calling on the military to restore a civilian government.

    The general said he would support anyone willing to come forward to lead the country.

    In July, the military leader, Gen Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, said he too was ready to step aside if rival factions can agree on a civilian government - but protestors described his offer as a ruse.

    More stories from Sudan:

  14. Sudan confirms its first case of monkeypox

    Monkeypox virus
    Image caption: The virus has spread around the world rapidly

    Sudan on Sunday confirmed its first case of monkeypox.

    The patient is a 16-year-old student from West Darfur state, the country’s health ministry said.

    The World Health Organization (WHO) last week declared the monkeypox outbreak a global health emergency.

    There are more than 21,000 cases worldwide so far, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

    Read more:

  15. Protester killed in latest Sudan anti-coup demos

    BBC Monitoring

    The world through its media

    Sudan's Forces for Freedom and Change official Ismail al-Taj, takes part in an anti-coup demonstration in the Bashdar station area in southern Khartoum, on July 26, 2022.
    Image caption: Pro-democracy activists have been organising protests against the military authorities since October 2021

    Sudanese security forces on Tuesday killed at least one person while dispersing anti-coup protesters in the capital, Khartoum, and other cities.

    In a statement, the Central Committee of Sudanese Doctors said that the protester died "after he was hit by live bullets in the face".

    The group accused "forces of the coup authorities" of killing him during anti-coup protests in the city of Omdurman.

    It said so far 116 civilians had been killed in protests against the coup.

    Pro-democracy activists have been organising protests against the military authorities since October 2021, when the army ousted the civilian-led transitional government and took over power.

    Mediation efforts led by the UN mission in the country to end the political crisis in the country have failed.

  16. More than 100 die in Sudan ethnic clashes - authorities

    BBC World Service

    The authorities in Blue Nile state in south-eastern Sudan say 105 people are now known to have died in days of ethnic clashes over access to land.

    The state health minister told the French news agency the situation was now calm but there was a big challenge to settle those displaced.

    The UN says 15,000 have had to leave their homes in Blue Nile and many are sheltering in schools.

    It said that across Sudan, more than 14 million people now needed life-saving assistance, but there was a huge shortfall in aid.

    The Blue Nile violence has prompted street protests in cities across Sudan, two of which imposed curfews earlier this week.

    Map of Sudan
  17. Sudan reopens border crossing with Ethiopia

    BBC Monitoring

    The world through its media

    Lt Gen Abdel Fattah Al Burhan (right) and Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed (left)
    Image caption: Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and Sudan's military leader Lt Gen Abdel Fattah al-Burhan met earlier this month

    Sudan has reopened a key border crossing with Ethiopia that it closed last month after accusing Ethiopia of executing seven of its soldiers.

    A statement by the technical committee of Sudan’s Defence and Security Council said the decision was taken after Sudan and Ethiopia's leaders agreed to solve “the problems that erupt at the border areas of the two countries and in return for the goodwill measures shown by the Ethiopian side to prevent the infiltration of armed elements into Sudanese territory”.

    The council added that Sudanese security forces would “intensify” patrols to prevent the movement of armed elements across the border that was re-opened on Sunday.

    Sudan’s military ruler Lt Gen Abdel Fattah Al Burhan and Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed met earlier this month in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi, amid the crisis.

    The Gallabat border crossing was closed on 27 June after Sudan accused Ethiopia of executing seven soldiers.

    Khartoum vowed to respond to the killings but Addis Ababa rejected the allegation as false.

    Sudan and Ethiopia are embroiled in a protracted dispute over the agriculturally-rich al-Fashaga region.

  18. Sudan forces fire tear gas at protesters

    BBC World Service

    Sudanese people take streets during a protest against military rule in Khartoum, Sudan on July 17, 2022
    Image caption: Khartoum has been the scene of regular demonstrations

    Police in Sudan on Sunday fired tear gas at anti-coup protesters in the capital, Khartoum.

    The city has been the scene of regular demonstrations since the head of the army, General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, took power in October last year, derailing a transition to civilian rule.

    The security forces had erected road blocks on bridges on the Nile river linking Khartoum to its suburbs, to try to prevent protesters gathering.

    Earlier this month, General Burhan vowed to make way for a civilian government, but civilian opposition groups rejected his move, calling it a ruse.