Police in Zimbabwe are probing the killing of a mine manager and the theft of 20 tonnes of gold, the government-owned Herald newspaper reports.
Explosives were also reportedly stolen from the mine in the Saruwe area, of Mashonaland West.
The owner of the site lives in neighbouring South Africa, according to the Herald.
Mine disagreements are common in Zimbabwe.
Sixty percent of Ghana's water bodies are now polluted, largely due to illegal mining operations.
A new podcast explores why gold has symbolic and historical significance for British Asians.
By Kevin Peachey
Personal finance correspondent, BBC News
BBC News, Johannesburg
A 33-year-old Zimbabwean national has appeared before a court in South Africa in connection will the illegal possession of gold with as estimated value of 11m rand ($785,500; £555,500).
Tashinga Masinire, who is yet to plead, was granted bail of 100,000 rand in the Kempton Magistrates Court on Monday.
As part of his bail conditions he is not allowed to leave South Africa pending the outcome of the case and he must report to a police station every three weeks.
The suspect was arrested at Johannesburg’s OR Tambo International Airport at the weekend.
At the time of the arrest, the country’s elite Hawks police unit said he should have said that he was travelling with 23 gold bars in his luggage.
“He allegedly failed to declare any items and did not have any permit or license to be in possession to transport gold,” added the Hawk’s Lieutenant Philani Nkalase in a statement.
Police say Mr Masinire had arrived from Harare when he was arrested.
His case has been postponed to 1 July for further investigation.
The miners are still alive after an explosion in a gold mine a week ago and are in need of urgent supplies.
By Magnus Bennett
BBC Scotland News
A Canadian coin, nicknamed the "big maple leaf", has been stolen from behind bulletproof glass in Germany.