By Sarah Dickins
BBC Wales economics correspondent
Geologists say Wales is more prone to them and climate change "may make that worse"
By Alastair James
BBC Radio Cumbria
Councillors have voted to approve a controversial coal mine in west Cumbria.
At the development control meeting 12 of the 18 county councillors voted in favour of the proposal.
It means the government will now have to decide whether to call the decision in and overrule the council.
The company behind proposals for an opencast coal mine near Druridge Bay in Northumberland has said it is "crazy" that they have been rejected by the government.
The plans of Banks Mining were originally approved by Northumberland County Council and recommended for consent by a government planning inspector, before being thrown out by Sajid Javid, the first of three communities secretaries to consider them.
The current Secretary of State has been considering the plans afresh after they were sent back to the department following a successful High Court challenge by Banks.
The firm's environment and community director Mark Dowdall said: "When the government is telling us we need to build, build, build and get on with leveling up the north and the south it's absolutely crazy that, when we still need up to five million tonnes of coal a year to make the cement and the steel that we need to build, build, build, that, one, we're getting a refusal and, two, that it's taken so long to come to this decision."Copyright: BBC
The news presenter tells how her surgeon grandfather devised new treatments that allowed injured coal miners to return to work during WW2.
England's last coal mine which is in County Durham, closes today.
The Bradley pit was run by Banks Group, which is making 250 people redundant.
The company hopes to re-start mining in Cumbria.
Banks Group had wanted to extend its mining operation at the Bradley West site, which is near Dipton in County Durham, to extract an extra 90,000 tonnes of coal.
More than 6,000 letters of objection were sent as opponents said that the plan was environmentally unacceptable.
The plans were rejected by Durham County councillors.Copyright: Banks Group
The Conservative mayor of Copeland has written to the Prime Minister, seeking support for a planned coal mine, opposed by environmental campaigners.
In his letter to Boris Johnson mayor Mike Starkie lays out what he sees as the benefits of the proposed coal mine in Whitehaven, including 500 jobs at a time of economic crisis.Copyright: Penrith XR
Meanwhile campaigners have marched through Penrith protesting against the scheme because using the coal will release more carbon into the atmosphere, adding to climate change.
The company West Cumbria Mining is still seeking planning permission for an amended design, but supporters fear campaigners will again challenge approval through the courts.
The last coal mining company in England has urged the Government to make a decision on a new open-cast site after it started the process of laying off staff as its current sites cease production.
Banks Mining staff are currently restoring two neighbouring sites north of Newcastle and the firm is due to stop coaling at its final surface mine at Bradley, County Durham, next month.
It has been waiting since April to hear if it can start production at the controversial Highthorn site near picturesque Druridge Bay, Northumberland, which has been opposed by locals.
A planning decision is yet to be announced by Communities Secretary Robert Jenrick.Copyright: PA Media
Banks Mining invited journalists to be present when around 30 staff at the Brenkley Lane site near Newcastle were told that the redundancy process is starting. The firm said all 250 mining employees could lose their jobs.
The firm said British industry still needs more than five million tonnes of coal a year, some of which is used to make steel and concrete.
Lynne Tate, from campaign group Save Druridge, which opposes the Banks Mining application, said tourism is worth £1bn to the local economy and supports 15,000 jobs in Northumberland.
By Simon Armstrong