1. Video content

    Video caption: What's gone wrong with the 'War on Terror' in Africa?

    Twenty years after the US 'War on Terror' began, Islamist movements have spread across Africa.

  2. Somali al-Shabab militants recapture strategic town

    Mary Harper

    Africa editor, BBC World Service

    Al-Shabab militants - archive shot
    Image caption: Al-Shabab controls large parts of southern and central Somalia

    The Islamist group, al-Shabab, is reported to have seized a strategic town in central Somalia.

    Residents of Amara in the Galmudug region said the militants stormed an army base before over-running the town.

    The insurgents captured several armoured vehicles, burning some of them.

    Earlier this month the Somali military captured Amara from al-Shabab, which had held the town for a decade.

    The group controls large parts of southern and central Somalia, and regularly attacks government-held areas.

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  3. Kenya and UK strike deal to tackle al-Shabab

    Will Ross

    Africa editor, BBC World Service

    A Kenyan soldier urges people to take cover after hearing gunfire coming from the Dusit Hotel complex on 15 January 2018 in Nairobi, Kenya
    Image caption: Kenya's military has had to respond to several al-Shabab attacks in Nairobi

    The UK and Kenya have signed a new defence agreement to help reduce the threat posed by the Somali jihadist group al-Shabab.

    Following a meeting between defence ministers in London, the UK announced it was stepping up its counter-terrorism and military support.

    This is to include efforts to prevent extremism in coastal areas which are vital for Kenya’s tourism industry.

    Kenya has been a target for al-Shabab since October 2011, when it sent its army into neighbouring Somalia to fight the jihadist group.

    Thousands of British troops train each year in Kenya in preparation for deployment to arid conflict zones.

    Meanwhile, a court in Kenya is due to rule whether the British army could face legal action over a large fire in a conservation area where British troops had been training earlier this year.

  4. Video content

    Video caption: Why is it so hard to hold elections in Somalia?

    Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo's term ends on 8 February - but a new leader cannot be elected without parliamentary elections, which have been delayed.

  5. 'Five civilians killed in Somalia attack'

    Somalia military arrive at the scene of a bomb explosion at the Afrik Hotel in Mogadishu, Somalia, 31 January 2021.

    Five civilians were killed on Sunday in a gun battle between militant Islamists and security forces at a hotel in the Somalia capital, Mogadishu, news agencies report quoting the police spokesperson.

    "The operation is over now. Nine people including four attackers died and over 10 civilians were injured," Sadik Ali is quoted as saying.

    The security forces ended the assault at Afrik Hotel, which is popular with government officials, early on Monday.

    President Mohamed Farmaajo said among those killed was a former military general:

    "I ask God to have mercy on the Somali citizens who lost their lives in this barbaric attack, and I extend my deepest condolences on the death of General Mohamed Nur Galal, a veteran of the Somali army," he tweeted:

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    Three attackers were shot dead while another detonated a suicide bomb, according to the AFP news agency.

    Al-Shabab militant group, which is linked to al-Qaeda, claimed the Sunday attack.


  6. Video content

    Video caption: Hope and fear as Somalia’s civil war turns 30

    Thirty years since Somalia plunged into civil war, BBC Africa correspondent Andrew Harding has returned to Mogadishu to see what hopes people have for peace.

  7. Somalia: should Biden reverse Trump's pull-out

    Video content

    Video caption: Would Somalia benefit from a US troop return to aid its fight against al-Shabab?

    Would Somalia benefit from a US troop return to aid its fight against al-Shabab?

  8. Video content

    Video caption: Somalia security: 'We are achieving some success against al-Shabab'

    Despite the militant group remaining a threat, the Somali government is making progress, the UN says.

  9. US blacklists al-Shabab leaders for attack on Kenya base

    U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo during a briefing to the media at the State Department, November 10, 2020.
    Image caption: The announcement came in a statement from the US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo's department

    The US has imposed sanctions on two senior leaders of Islamist militant group al-Shabab accused of responsibility in an attack on a military base in Kenya.

    One US military service member and two contractors were killed in the January attack in Camp Simba on Manda Island. It was the first attack by al-Shabab on US forces in Kenya.

    The State Department said it had designated Abdullahi Osman Mohamed and Maalim Ayman as Specially Designated Global Terrorists.

    It said Mr Mohamed was al-Shabab’s senior explosives expert and leader of its media wing, while Mr Ayman was responsible for planning the attack on Camp Simba.

    "US persons are generally prohibited from engaging in any transactions with Mohamed and Ayman. Their property and interests in property subject to US jurisdiction are blocked," the state department said in a statement.