Stephen Lawrence pair face murder trial

Gary Dobson and David Norris (right) Image copyright Other
Image caption Gary Dobson and David Norris will stand trial over the murder of Stephen Lawrence

Two men are to stand trial for the murder of Stephen Lawrence.

Gary Dobson, 35, and David Norris, 34, are accused of killing the black teenager at a bus stop in Eltham, south-east London, on 22 April 1993.

Nobody has been convicted of the crime but a small team of Scotland Yard detectives has continued to investigate the 18-year-old's death.

Mr Dobson stood trial in 1996 over the murder - which he denied - and he was acquitted.

Forensic review

On Wednesday the Court of Appeal concluded that there was enough new and substantial evidence to allow Dobson's acquittal to be quashed.

The inquiry into the failure of the original police investigation to find and convict Mr Lawrence's killers, which reported in 1999, became a key moment in the modern history of criminal justice in Britain.

Concluding the force was "institutionally racist", it made 70 recommendations and had an enormous impact on the race relations debate, from criminal justice through to all public authorities.

The latest judgment was set out by the Lord Chief Justice Lord Judge, Mrs Justice Rafferty and Mr Justice Holroyde.

They said: "The murder of Stephen Lawrence, a young black man of great promise, targeted and killed by a group of white youths just because of the colour of his skin, was indeed a calamitous crime."

Mr Dobson and Mr Norris were arrested last September over the murder and are in custody. The allegations could not previously be reported for legal reasons.

Their trial is due to take place in November at the Old Bailey and their next court appearance is due for 1 July.

A statement from the Crown Prosecution Service said both men had been charged on 8 September 2010 with Mr Lawrence's murder.

"The Metropolitan Police Service and the Crown Prosecution Service have worked tirelessly with forensic scientists to review the evidence in this case," it said.

"A full forensic review was commenced in June 2006. New scientific evidence was found and on that basis the prosecution applied for a retrial.

"Our thoughts at this stage go to Stephen's family, who have never given up their quest to see justice for Stephen."

The BBC's Daniel Boettcher, at the Court of Appeal, said Mr Dobson's trial could not have previously taken place under the double jeopardy rule, which prevented a suspect being tried a second time for a crime.

"Up to a new piece of legislation in 2003 it was not possible to face a fresh trial on the same allegations," our correspondent said.

"That so-called double jeopardy rule was changed. The new law was actually introduced in 2005. But there is this level that has to be reached, that judges have to be convinced that there is new and compelling evidence to allow that fresh trial."

The judges said: "After conducting a detailed examination of a large body of evidence, we have come to the conclusion there is sufficient, reliable and substantial evidence to justify the quashing of the acquittal and to order a new trial.

"This decision means, and we emphasise, that it means no more than that, the question whether Dobson had any criminal involvement in Stephen Lawrence's death must be considered afresh by a new jury, which will examine the evidence and decide whether the allegation against him is proved. The presumption of innocence continues to apply."

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Media captionDoreen Lawrence: "At this moment in time ... all I can think about is Stephen"

Our correspondent says new forensic evidence had been found on two items of Dobson's clothing - a grey bomber jacket and a multi-coloured cardigan.

The judges say that if proven it would "place Mr Dobson in very close proximity indeed to Stephen Lawrence at the time of the attack".

Mr Dobson's lawyers had argued the scientific evidence brought against him was unreliable and had been contaminated by the mishandling of forensic evidence bags.

Mr Lawrence's father, Neville, said he was "relieved and delighted at the court's decision".

His mother, Doreen, said: "It's been a long time in coming but we still have a long way to go, and so at this moment in time, all I can think about is Stephen.

"Perhaps somewhere down the line we will finally get justice for him, because everything has just been a long time for us to get to this position."