Fog causes major disruption to flights at UK airports

media captionVideo inside a plane's cockpit shows what it is like landing in fog

Scores of flights have been cancelled and many more delayed by dense fog across much of the UK.

Heathrow airport said it had cancelled 122 flights on Monday.

London City was closed to all flights for several hours, while other affected airports include Manchester, Glasgow, Belfast, Leeds Bradford and Cardiff.

The Met Office has issued new yellow warnings of fog for parts of England and Wales from Monday afternoon through to 12:00 GMT on Tuesday.

The problems in the UK are being compounded by foggy conditions in much of western Europe, with major hubs such as Amsterdam's Schiphol badly affected.

image captionManchester airport
image copyrightPA
image captionLondon's Canary Wharf peeping out of thick fog

Visibility fell to just 100m at Leeds Bradford, Manchester and Luton airports on Monday morning, and 150m at Stansted, Heathrow, Gatwick and Doncaster Sheffield, according to the Met Office.

Easyjet said it was suffering "major network disruption", with a large number of aircraft and crew out of place and numerous delays, diversions and cancellations.

The Met Office is warning the fog is likely to build up again after dark, becoming especially thick in parts of east and north-east England.

Passengers who were expecting to travel on Monday or Tuesday are advised to check their flight status with the airline.

Among the reported problems:

Danny Hesford, from Manchester, told the BBC he and 18 friends had been left stranded in Amsterdam.

"We've just heard there are no flights from Schiphol Airport today as the problem has got too big," he said.

"There are rumours of not being able to get another flight back until Wednesday at the earliest."

Louise Baker, from Bridgend, has been stuck in Paris with her family since Sunday night.

She told the BBC: "I have not got enough medication to last me and have no idea what I'm going to do."

image copyrightReuters
image captionWestminster Bridge
image copyrightReuters
image captionMillennium Bridge over the Thames
image copyrightReuters
image captionThe London Eye
image copyrightPA
image captionClare Bridge, Cambridge
image captionLeeds Bradford airport

On the roads, drivers are being advised to slow down, keep their distance from the vehicle in front and use the correct lights.

On Sunday, a five-year-old girl was found injured in a crashed car alongside her dead father in Crakemarsh, near Uttoxeter, Staffordshire.

A spokesman for West Midlands Ambulance Service said the car appeared to have hit a tree in very foggy conditions, although Staffordshire Police said there was no indication at this stage that fog had played a part in the accident.

Elsewhere, a man died when his car came off the road in thick fog in Barnetby Top, Lincolnshire, on Sunday morning. Humberside Police said the poor visibility had hampered their investigations at the scene.

The Met Office earlier issued a yellow weather warning for England and Wales until 12:00 GMT on Monday

The fog descended as the UK recorded its hottest November day on Sunday with a temperature of 22.4C (72.3F) being reached in mid Wales.

Driving in fog

Motoring organisation the AA advises:

  • According to the Highway Code, you must use headlights when visibility is seriously reduced - generally when you cannot see for more than 100m (328ft), or the length of a football pitch
  • There's no obligation to use fog lights but if your car is involved in an accident and they weren't on, then your insurer may ask questions
  • Generally it's better to be safe than sorry, so use fog lights when appropriate, but don't keep switching them on and off - this can be a distraction to other drivers so wait for a consistent improvement in visibility before turning them off
  • Be able to stop within the distance you can see clearly

Why is it so foggy?

media captionBBC Weather explains how fog forms

By Steve Cleaton, forecaster BBC Weather

The sort of fog we've been experiencing is known as radiation fog.

It tends to form most readily on clear nights with light winds - conditions that are usually associated with high pressure systems, or anticyclones.

Anticyclones initially tend to bring a good deal of settled and dry weather by day, but as the sun goes down in the evening, the air temperature steadily drops and eventually cools to a point where any moisture condenses out into fog - hence why the foggiest conditions are often found towards dawn.

There has also been very little wind to help clear it and as we're into November the sun is lower in the sky, so it's weaker as a heat source, meaning the fog has persisted all day in some areas.

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