UK

Virgin Islanders still in shelter, six months after Irma

Stanton "Mikey" Robinson
Image caption Tortola resident Stanton "Mikey" Robinson: "Please help me"

Six months after the worst hurricane in living memory brought devastation to the Caribbean, there are still UK citizens sleeping in a government shelter with nowhere to call home.

In the middle of a basketball gymnasium, Stanton "Mikey" Robinson, 30, sat with all of his worldly possessions.

Fighting back tears he explained his dream of having a small apartment with a small table and a single bed.

"I don't like it in here. I don't feel comfortable in this place," he told us. "[Tell the government to] please help me."

Image caption Makeba Hesky is one of those sheltering in the gymnasium

Twenty metres away on what's meant to be spectator seating, Makeba Hesky, 34, sat nursing her 10-month-old child.

A large hole - unpatched since the hurricane - in the roof of the BVI Sports Complex allowed rain and light to pour into the otherwise unlit gymnasium.

"It seems to me like everybody just give up on us," Hesky said.

Image caption The gym's roof is still damaged from the hurricane

Hesky and Robinson are among the approximately 20 people still living in the shelter who have faced repeated deadlines to move out despite nowhere to go. Many more are living with friends and family.

Image caption Worldly possessions are strewn across the gymnasium

Outside the sports complex and across the islands, signs of Irma's destructive visit can still be seen everywhere - not least at the island's government building.

Most of the structure's windows are boarded, awaiting replacement. Inside, the island's premier, Orlando Smith, works from a sparse office while repairmen are still labouring to repair the extensive damage.

Image caption BVI premier Orlando Smith is hopeful that people will be re-housed

Asked if he could guarantee that those in the shelter would not be thrown out with nowhere to go, Smith told the BBC, "that's why they're still there… we're looking to provide the necessary accommodation for them".

The "biggest priority is housing - getting those roofs back on, getting people in homes," he said, speaking outside his office. "Then of course, there is the matter of the economy. We've got to get that economy back up and running."

Economically speaking, the islands' tourism sector took the biggest hit.

Image caption Tourism worker Roselyn Hill is concerned about the hurricane's impact on the industry

Few know that better than Roselyn Hill. She like many others here worked in the tourism industry for decades, only to be laid off when Irma damaged the resorts and attractions at which they worked.

"Peak season a couple of years ago - sometimes it looks like more boats than water. You can't see the water for the yachts," she said, standing on a cruise ship dock that now lies empty.

Two of the biggest cruise companies have stopped bringing ships to the BVI, and the reduced numbers of tourists has meant a slow recovery for the tourism industry.

"It's not a good feeling you know back then to compare it to now," she said. "When we see a cruise ship, it's like light".

The hardships have caused many to question whether the United Kingdom did enough to support those on the islands.

Image caption Islander Rita Plunkett says she received hardly any aid from the UK

Across town, Rita Plunkett was doing her washing on a day off.

Stepping inside, she explained how windows and doors to her home were broken during the storm and pointed to massive water damage to a bedroom ceiling.

On the roof of her apartment building, bits of UK Aid-branded tarpaulin stood between her and regular rainstorms.

She said the UK's response came up short.

She received, "no aid, apart from the six bottles of water I got - that was it," she said.

It was a common perception we have heard here over the past few days - that other than the work done by British troops in the month after the storm, more could have been done.

Image caption Bishop John Cline says the UK "disappointed us"

Upon returning from a preaching trip to the island of Virgin Gorda, Bishop John Cline went a step further than most we spoke with.

"When we did need them to show that we are truly a child of the United Kingdom, I think they disappointed us," he said. "It changed our view in terms of a relationship, to saying 'are we really a part of you or is that just in name only?'"

Image caption BVI Governor Gus Jaspert said key services were "back up and running"

But the island's British governor, Gus Jaspert, says he's proud of the UK's contribution to the BVI's recovery - noting that much of Britain's work has been behind the scenes.

"The UK had a very first visible phase, which was military out and about. People saw that a lot more," he said.

"Behind the scenes, the UK has been supporting with infrastructure, supporting with technical advisors in each of the key departments and ministries… as well as grants on specific projects - both on immediate needs, but also on longer term.

"[Together] we've got the electricity back on. We've got businesses back open. We've got all children getting educated, and key services are back up and running," he said, while acknowledging that much work still remained.

The governor is right about progress being made. Given the scale of the destruction even removing debris has been a huge feat, albeit one that is still ongoing.

Image caption Road Town, on Tortola, is the capital of the BVI

The island's main high school lies in ruin. Many other schools appear damaged. Harbours are littered with overturned and abandoned boats - some boats lay where they washed up on land. Roads are littered with potholes. And some debris remains strewn about.

And now, with hurricane season less than 100 days away, many island residents are worried about what the next storm may bring.

Hurricanes

A guide to the world's deadliest storms

Hurricanes are violent storms that can bring devastation to coastal areas, threatening lives, homes and businesses.

Hurricanes develop from thunderstorms, fuelled by warm, moist air as they cross sub-tropical waters.
Warm air rises into the storm.

Air swirls in to fill the low pressure in the storm, sucking air in and upwards, reinforcing the low pressure.

The storm rotates due to the spin of the earth and energy from the warm ocean increases wind speeds as it builds.

When winds reach 119km/h (74mph), it is known as a hurricane - in the Atlantic and Eastern Pacific - or a typhoon in the Western Pacific.

"Everybody has a plan until they get punched in the face. Well, we're about to get punched in the face."
Florida Mayor Bob Buckhorn, ahead of Hurricane Irma (2017)

The central eye of calmer weather is surrounded by a wall of rainstorms.
This eyewall has the fastest winds below it and violent currents of air rising through it.

A mound of water piles up below the eye which is unleashed as the storm reaches land.
These storm surges can cause more damage from flooding than the winds.

"Urgent warning about the rapid rise of water on the SW FL coast with the passage of #Irma's eye. MOVE AWAY FROM THE WATER!"
Tweet from the National Hurricane Center

The size of hurricanes is mainly measured by the Saffir-Simpson scale - other scales are used in Asia Pacific and Australia.

Winds 119-153km/h
Some minor flooding, little structural damage.
Storm surge +1.2m-1.5m

Winds 154-177km/h
Roofs and trees could be damaged.
Storm surge +1.8m-2.4m

Winds 178-208km/h
Houses suffer damage, severe flooding
Storm surge +2.7m-3.7m

Hurricane Sandy (2012) caused $71bn damage in the Caribbean and New York

Winds 209-251km/h
Some roofs destroyed and major structural damage to houses.
Storm surge +4m-5.5m

Hurricane Ike (2008) hit Caribbean islands and Louisiana and was blamed for at least 195 deaths

Winds 252km/h+
Serious damage to buildings, severe flooding further inland.
Storm surge +5.5m

Hurricane Irma (2017) caused devastation in Caribbean islands, leaving thousands homeless

"For everyone thinking they can ride this storm out, I have news for you: that will be one of the biggest mistakes you can make in your life."
Mayor of New Orleans Ray Nagin ahead of Hurricane Gustav, 2008

Photos by Paul Blake

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