A jury has been sent out to consider its verdicts in the trial of five men accused of beating a shopkeeper to death with wine bottles from his store.
Gurmail Singh, 63, died when he tried to stop a gang robbing his shop in the Cowcliffe area of Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, in February.
The jury at Bradford Crown Court has heard he refused to "meekly hand over his property, his hard-earned money".
The five men, aged 18 to 20 and from Huddersfield, all deny murder.
The six-week trial has heard how Mr Singh was attacked at about 2030 BST on 20 February and died the following day.
Umare Aslam, 20, of Coniston Avenue, Dalton; Muawaz Khalid, 20, of Blackmoorfoot Road; Shoaib Khan, 18, of Calton Street, Hillhouse; Nabeel Shafi, 18, of Park Hill, Bradley and Rehman Afzal, 18, of Jacinth Court, Fartown, are on trial.
Mr Khalid, Mr Khan and Mr Aslam also deny robbery.
Mr Afzal and Mr Shafi have already pleaded guilty to the charge of robbing Mr Singh.
The prosecution case is that four of the defendants - Mr Aslam, Mr Khalid, Mr Shafi and Mr Afzal - went into the store to rob Mr Singh.
Adrian Waterman QC, prosecuting, told the jury Mr Khan had not been in the shop because he could not fit in the taxi which had taken the others.
The prosecutor said all five men were involved in a "joint enterprise" and each was responsible for the shopkeeper's death.