A village in east Devon has played host to an armed forces exercise.
The Royal Marines took over Lympstone to learn how to respond to the changing nature of foreign conflict.
Exercise Final Nail 10, organised by Lympstone Commando Centre, is thought to be the first military operation involving an entire village.
Major Will Norcott said: "We're trying to expose young officers to the complexity of operation in amongst a real civilian population."
Most of the Royal Marines taking part in the exercise are preparing to go to Afghanistan.
Second Lieutenant Tom Lucy said: "It's good to come to places like this and practice.
"You've got the civilian population, you've got the potential insurgents, so it's really good experience for us."