A pilot scheme has begun to test whether residents on a community heating scheme in Leicester should get individual meters.
Currently, the 3,000 households that are part of the district energy scheme pay a flat fee, based on the size of their property.
However, meters have now been fitted at 56 homes, for a year, to assess whether they are more energy-efficient.
The city council said the move could save money and cut carbon emissions.
Leicester Assistant City Mayor Mohammed Dawood, said: "As with all households across the city, the tenants and leaseholders on the district heating scheme remain concerned about rising fuel prices.
"Running the heat metering pilot scheme for 12 months will allow the tenants, leaseholders and council to understand whether having meters to monitor heat consumption allows residents to manage their usage more efficiently and therefore reduce their heating bills."
The district energy scheme is run by Cofely District Energy for the city council. It bulk-buys energy for council customers but is also moving into generating power locally.
The company has been laying 7km (4.3 miles) of piping around the city to link up several separate systems into a single network