A former soldier has appeared in court charged with terrorism offences for allegedly plotting to join Kurdish militia fighting in Syria and Iraq.
Daniel Burke, 32, from Manchester, was remanded in custody at Westminster Magistrates' Court on two counts of preparing acts of terrorism.
He is accused of organising transport for a fellow British fighter to travel to Iraq via Spain.
Mr Burke is also charged with funding terrorism in an online account.
The former soldier, served in the Parachute Regiment between 2007 and 2009, was remanded to appear at Liverpool Crown Court on 17 January.
Mr Burke, of Amberwood Drive, is said to have spent around eight months fighting against so-called Islamic State with the Kurdish YPG between late 2017 and June 2018 before returning to the UK.
The first charge relates to allegedly organising transport for a fellow fighter while the second relates to making similar arrangements for himself to rejoin YPG.
The third charge alleges he supplied ex-comrades in the YPG with cash and equipment via online platforms such as PayPal.
The court heard Mr Burke decided to return to Syria after US President Donald Trump's decision to pull US forces out of Syria and the subsequent invasion of Kurdish-held areas by Turkey.