A Taiwanese electrical firm which was given a £416,000 grant to move to Corby owes unpaid business rates, according to the local authority.
Kenmark International Limited promised to create 500 jobs but it is employing just 10 people, according to the East Midlands Development Agency.
The EMDA said Kenmark might be required to repay the grant.
Corby Borough Council is considering what action it will take over the unpaid business rates.
The council's chief executive Chris Mallender said: "If EMDA's view is this is no longer a viable investment, then we will join them and we will seek repayment of unpaid business rates."
Mr Mallender told the BBC he had always had doubts about Kenmark's investment: "It's never materialised in the way it was anticipated."
He added that the council had helped the company by giving accommodation for Taiwanese employees and assistance with the planning process, but said the company had "never got a proper foothold in the UK".
In a statement, the EMDA said its discussions with Kenmark were continuing.
"As the negotiations are confidential and commercially sensitive, it would be inappropriate to comment further at this time," said the EMDA.
Kenmark has not responded to requests for an interview.