Barnsley families are hoping to claim compensation for a "vile stench" which they blame on a nearby coking plant.
Sixty families claim the smell and dirt from the Monckton Coking and Chemical Company plant in Royston have caused them problems.
Kerry Roberts-Bennett who lives near the plant said: "The smell is disgusting and the dust is horrible."
The company said it was "governed by the terms of our permit, enforced by the Environment Agency."
Ms Roberts-Bennett said: "You can not put your washing out in the summer, you have to have the heating on to dry your clothes."
The families have arranged a meeting to discuss the issue with the company on 20 April.
'Give and take'
Solicitor Gwen Evans, who is representing the families, said she would be pursuing the argument using the Law in Nuisance legal argument.
She said: "Law in Nuisance protects the owners of lands, and states that there needs to be give and take between neighbours having regard to the character and nature of the area."
"Residents should be expected to put up with a bit of interference but in this case the degree of interference from the works has exceeded that give and take."
In a statement, the Monckton Coking and Chemical Company, said: "The solicitors have only recently presented us with information relating to the complaints and we are now examining this.
"Until we have had an opportunity to fully consider the material provided to us, it would be inappropriate for us to make further comment on this issue."