Two boys aged 13 and 17 have been found guilty of killing an asylum seeker over a row over a cigarette in Newcastle.
Papa Mody Mbaye, 30, from Senegal, was found with massive head injuries in Hugh Gardens, Benwell, in February.
Newcastle Crown Court heard the victim, also known as Alioune Cisse, had been chased, punched and stamped on in a dispute over a cigarette.
The 17-year-old was found guilty of murder and the 13-year-old of manslaughter.
A 15-year-old was cleared of taking part in the attack.
All three had denied charges of murder.
The two boys, who cannot be named, will be sentenced at the end of September.
The court heard that Mr Mbaye had approached the group, all of whom had been drinking, and asked for a cigarette.
His request was refused, there was an abusive exchange and he walked off.
He was followed and one witness described seeing him pick up a piece of metal and try to ward them off, the court heard.
A witness told how she had seen Mr Mbaye's head being repeatedly stamped on. Another youth was also seen stamping and kicking into the rib area.