With the final result declared Labour has taken control of Tower Hamlets, but has failed to take other target councils in London, while the Conservatives have lost control of two councils overall.
The Lib Dems have gained four councils, two of them in London. UKIP has lost over 120 councillors and the Greens have a net increase of eight councillors.
Those councils changing hands are listed below.
In total, 4,371 seats were contested across 150 local authorities, in the first major test of public opinion since last year's general election.
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Based on the results, the gap in predicted national vote share between the Conservatives and Labour has closed since the council elections last year.
The fortunes of the main parties were different inside and outside London. Labour made gains in the capital picking up 65 councillors, while the Conservatives lost 90 seats.
In the rest of England excluding London, the Tories gained 57 seats, while Labour took an additional 12. The Lib Dems and the Greens both gained more council seats in London than in the rest of England.
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With the final declaration early on Saturday morning, Labour took control of Tower Hamlets from No Overall Control.
The only other changes in London from the last time these seats were up in 2014 came in the south west and went to the Lib Dems.
Produced by John Walton, Tom Calver, Chris Jeavans, Mark Bryson, Maryam Ahmed, Joy Roxas and Joe Reed.