Women in Scotland will have to wait another 33 years before they are paid the same as men, a study has suggested.
Although women's salaries rose 3.8% in the past year compared with 2.9% for men, male managers earned on average £9,841 more than female colleagues.
The Chartered Management Institute (CMI) study found that at a UK level, women face a 57-year wait for equality.
The figures have been released to coincide with the 40th anniversary of the Equal Pay Act.
The survey found that even at junior management level, the pay gap still existed, with men being paid £797 more than female executives in Scotland.
Across the UK as a whole, women in the Midlands fared the worst, taking home on average £10,434 less than men.
Those in the North East fared the best, where the gap was smallest at £8,955, according to the survey of more than 43,000 managers in 200 organisations.
The IT and pharmaceutical industries had the widest gap for men and women's pay rates, at £17,736 and £14,018 respectively.
As well as stark differences in pay, the research also revealed a contrast between male and female labour turnover rates nationally, particularly with regard to redundancy.
In the past 12 months, 4.5% of the female workforce was made redundant, compared with just 3% of men.
At the top level, 7.7% of female directors voluntarily left their posts in the past year, compared with just 3.6% of men.
Female resignations at director level were also up from 5.3% on the previous year.
CMI's head of policy Petra Wilton said: "Girls born in Scotland this year will face the probability of working for around 33 years in the shadow of unequal pay.
"The prospect of continued decades of pay inequality cannot be allowed to become reality.
"We want to see government take greater steps to enforce pay equality by monitoring organisations more closely and naming and shaming those who fail to pay male and female staff fairly."
Ms Wilton also called on employers to recruit from a wider "talent pool" if they wanted to attract the country's best workers.
A spokesman for the Equality and Human Rights Commission said: "Forty years after the Equal Pay Act, women can still expect to earn less than 85 pence for every pound their male colleagues earn. In some sectors the pay gap is far worse."
He added that the reasons for the persistent pay gap remained stereotyping of women's capabilities and skills combined with the fact that women continue to bear the brunt of caring responsibilities.