A rally champion who claimed he crashed during an event because the route notes were inaccurate has had his £2m damages claim dismissed by a judge.
Raymond Munro, of Inverness, said he suffered post traumatic stress disorder after crashing at the Speyside Stages event in 2004.
He said he had quit the sport shortly after the crash, and had been unable to concentrate on his business interests.
But Lord Uist said he was satisfied there had been "no error" in the notes.
The action had been contested by William Sturrock, of Brechin, who produced the material for the drivers.
Mr Sturrock said the route notes were not intended to be scientifically accurate and did not attempt to provide advice on the speed at which the route should be driven.
Mr Munro's Subaru Impreza was damaged on a bend in the Clashindarroch Forest, near Rhynie.
It was said in court that many other drivers purchased the route notes for use in the rally - but none made the same mistake as Mr Munro, who was a previous winner of the event and a former Scottish champion.
The Court of Session in Edinburgh heard that, before the accident, Mr Munro was "a confident, astute, successful and hard-working businessman".
But he said he had been unable to concentrate or motivate himself since the crash.