An Aberdeenshire roofing contractor has been fined £15,000 after one of his workers was seriously hurt when he fell five metres (16.4ft) from a flat roof.
Alister McNeilly's right hip ball joint was severed from his thigh bone after he slipped or inadvertently stepped off the edge of a house roof in Strathdon.
Mr McNeilly, 26, was working for Brian George Mackie, who traded as Donside Slating, when he was hurt in 2010.
Mr Mackie pleaded guilty at Aberdeen Sheriff Court to regulation breaches.
The court heard Mr McNeilly was working to fix lead onto a flat roof area when he lost his balance and fell on 10 November 2010.
He spent four days in hospital and was off work for 16 weeks.
A metal plate and four pins had to be inserted but he has since largely made a full recovery.
An investigation by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) found no fall prevention equipment was in place around the roof.
The investigation also revealed Mr Mackie had not been to the site that morning or in the three or four days prior to the incident and had not given any specific instructions about how to do the work.