Details have emerged of the injuries suffered by a Scottish soldier in a crash while training in Kenya.
A tree branch penetrated the brain of Colin Dodds, 19, from Galashiels, in the incident last week.
He underwent surgery in hospital in Nairobi and is now expected to make a full recovery.
Gunner Dodds' father, also called Colin, said his son would need further treatment once he returned to the UK but had been "extremely lucky".
The circumstances of the accident are being investigated by the Royal Military Police.
Mr Dodds snr said his son had been in the back of one vehicle chasing another in an exercise when the crash took place.
"A dust cloud got blown up and the driver went off the road and into a wooded area," he said.
"Colin was impaled when a branch went through the side of his head.
"The branch went into the right side of his brain."
His family said the young soldier had lost co-ordination and had a stutter in his speech after his surgery.
However, those issues appear to have passed.
"He has been extremely lucky and is expected to fully recover," his father said.
"He is a fighter - even the army said 'you have some boy there'."
It is hoped Gunner Dodds can fly back to the UK sometime next week.
He will need to undergo further surgery on his return but his father said he was determined to return to his military career once he was back to full health.
- 16 February 2011