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Covid-19: New fear grips Europe as cases top 30m worldwide

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image captionThe virus appears to be spreading much faster in India than any other country

The number of confirmed coronavirus cases across the globe has surpassed 30 million, according to figures by America's Johns Hopkins University.

More than 940,000 have died with Covid-19 since the outbreak began in China late last year.

The US, India and Brazil have the most confirmed cases, but there is a renewed spike in infections across Europe.

Many northern hemisphere countries are now bracing for a second wave of the pandemic as winter approaches.

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In the UK, the government is considering taking further England-wide measures including a short period of restrictions to try to slow a second surge of infections.

Outside Europe, Israel brings in a second nationwide lockdown later on Friday - the first nation to do so.

Africa has recorded more than a million confirmed cases, although the true extent of the pandemic in the continent is not known. Testing rates are reported to be low, which could distort official figures.

What is happening in key countries?

A team of infectious disease experts at Johns Hopkins University, in the US city of Baltimore, have been documenting the global spread of Covid-19 on its tracking website.

According to their data, the US remains by far the worst-hit country in terms of sheer numbers, with more than 6.6 million confirmed infections, and over 197,000 deaths.

The number of new daily infections has been dropping, though, after a spike in July.

media captionCDC director vs President Trump on face masks and vaccines

Earlier this week, President Donald Trump denied downplaying the seriousness of Covid-19, despite admitting in a recorded interview to having done that.

In India, the number of known infections climbed above five million this week - the second-highest caseload in the world.

When comparing figures from different countries it is important to bear in mind factors such as population size and density. For instance, India has a population of 1.3bn people.

However, the virus appears to be spreading much faster in India than any other country, with daily cases topping 90,000 in recent days. More than 80,000 people have died, amid reports of shortages of intensive care beds and oxygen supplies.

Brazil has had more than 4.4 million confirmed cases, with more than 134,000 fatalities - the second-highest death toll after the US.

media captionBolsonaro removed his mask after announcing he had tested positive for coronavirus

President Jair Bolsonaro has come under criticism for downplaying coronavirus, particularly after attending an anti-lockdown rally. The right-wing leader - who had been calling the virus a "little flu" - himself tested positive in July.

Argentina and Mexico have also been hit hard by the outbreak in Latin America.

Argentina on Thursday reported nearly 13,000 more cases over a 24-hour period, pushing the country's overall total above 600,000.

Meanwhile, Mexico confirmed more than 3,000 daily infections, bringing the caseload to more than 680,000.

At the same time, deaths per 100,000 people vary significantly from country to country, with San Marino, Peru and Belgium having the highest rates, and India one of the lowest.

In the table below, countries can be reordered by deaths, death rate and total cases. In the coloured bars on the right-hand side, countries in which cases have risen to more than 5,000 per day are those with black bars on the relevant date.

data in detail

Scroll table to see more data

*Deaths per 100,000 people

US 226,790 69.3 8,788,682
Brazil 158,456 75.6 5,468,270
India 120,527 8.9 8,040,203
Mexico 90,309 71.6 906,863
UK 45,675 68.0 942,275
Italy 37,905 62.5 589,766
France 35,785 55.1 1,235,132
Spain 35,466 76.0 1,136,503
Peru 34,257 107.1 892,497
Iran 33,714 41.2 588,648
Colombia 30,753 61.9 1,041,936
Argentina 30,071 67.8 1,130,533
Russia 27,111 18.6 1,570,446
South Africa 19,111 33.1 719,714
Chile 14,032 74.9 505,530
Indonesia 13,701 5.1 404,048
Ecuador 12,608 73.8 164,908
Belgium 11,170 97.3 368,337
Iraq 10,770 28.0 463,951
Germany 10,281 12.4 486,972
Canada 10,084 27.2 228,366
Turkey 10,027 12.2 368,513
Bolivia 8,694 76.6 141,321
Netherlands 7,205 42.2 320,141
Philippines 7,147 6.7 376,935
Ukraine 7,058 16.0 381,664
Pakistan 6,775 3.2 331,108
Romania 6,681 34.3 222,559
Egypt 6,234 6.3 107,030
Sweden 5,927 59.4 117,913
Bangladesh 5,861 3.6 403,079
Saudi Arabia 5,348 15.9 346,047
Poland 4,849 12.8 299,049
China 4,739 0.3 91,271
Guatemala 3,682 21.3 106,320
Morocco 3,506 9.7 207,718
Czech Republic 2,675 25.1 297,013
Panama 2,663 63.8 131,247
Honduras 2,652 27.7 95,199
Israel 2,494 29.8 312,787
Portugal 2,395 23.4 128,392
Dominican Republic 2,232 21.0 125,570
Switzerland 2,167 25.4 135,658
Algeria 1,941 4.6 57,026
Ireland 1,896 39.3 59,434
Kazakhstan 1,825 10.0 111,100
Japan 1,733 1.4 99,371
Moldova 1,729 42.7 73,321
Hungary 1,634 16.8 68,127
Afghanistan 1,529 4.1 41,145
Ethiopia 1,451 1.3 94,820
Paraguay 1,359 19.5 61,290
Costa Rica 1,340 26.8 106,553
Armenia 1,272 43.1 85,034
Oman 1,208 25.0 114,434
Bulgaria 1,197 17.0 45,461
Myanmar 1,172 2.2 49,072
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,161 34.9 44,737
Tunisia 1,153 10.0 54,278
Nigeria 1,139 0.6 62,371
Kyrgyzstan 1,139 18.1 57,798
Austria 1,027 11.6 89,496
Belarus 969 10.3 95,545
El Salvador 967 15.1 32,925
North Macedonia 963 46.2 28,697
Kenya 934 1.8 51,851
Australia 907 3.6 27,567
Nepal 887 3.2 162,354
Sudan 837 2.0 13,765
Libya 823 12.3 58,874
Serbia 803 11.5 42,208
Venezuela 784 2.7 90,876
Kuwait 763 18.4 123,906
Denmark 715 12.4 43,174
Jordan 700 7.0 61,942
Azerbaijan 699 7.0 52,137
Kosovo 673 36.5 18,626
Greece 603 5.7 34,299
Lebanon 602 8.8 75,845
Yemen 599 2.1 2,061
Uzbekistan 560 1.7 66,313
Croatia 493 11.9 40,999
Albania 493 17.1 20,040
United Arab Emirates 485 5.0 129,024
Palestinian Territories 465 9.6 51,948
South Korea 462 0.9 26,271
Cameroon 426 1.7 21,793
Finland 354 6.4 15,378
Zambia 348 2.0 16,285
Senegal 322 2.0 15,582
Bahrain 317 20.2 81,022
Ghana 316 1.1 47,775
DR Congo 305 0.4 11,211
Montenegro 282 44.9 17,392
Norway 280 5.2 19,069
Slovenia 278 13.4 28,215
Syria 278 1.6 5,580
Angola 275 0.9 10,074
Georgia 273 6.8 35,567
Malaysia 246 0.8 29,441
Madagascar 244 0.9 16,968
Zimbabwe 242 1.7 8,320
Haiti 232 2.1 9,046
Qatar 230 8.3 131,939
Jamaica 198 6.7 8,851
Slovakia 184 3.4 48,943
Malawi 184 1.0 5,904
Mauritania 163 3.7 7,688
Nicaragua 156 2.4 5,514
Luxembourg 147 24.3 15,659
Lithuania 144 5.1 12,138
Bahamas 136 35.3 6,549
Mali 136 0.7 3,530
Namibia 133 5.4 12,806
Cuba 128 1.1 6,727
Guadeloupe 126 31.5 7,605
Ivory Coast 124 0.5 20,555
Guyana 123 15.8 4,074
Gambia 119 5.2 3,666
Eswatini 116 10.2 5,886
Suriname 111 19.3 5,192
Trinidad and Tobago 107 7.7 5,594
Uganda 106 0.2 11,767
Somalia 104 0.7 3,941
Chad 97 0.6 1,468
Cape Verde 94 17.3 8,548
Congo 92 1.8 5,253
Mozambique 91 0.3 12,415
Equatorial Guinea 83 6.3 5,083
Tajikistan 82 0.9 10,900
Liberia 82 1.7 1,419
Sierra Leone 74 1.0 2,354
Estonia 73 5.5 4,671
Andorra 72 93.5 4,517
Guinea 71 0.6 11,819
French Guiana 70 24.7 10,404
Niger 69 0.3 1,218
Burkina Faso 67 0.3 2,466
Latvia 63 3.3 5,144
Central African Republic 62 1.3 4,863
Djibouti 61 6.4 5,555
Thailand 59 0.1 3,763
Malta 56 12.7 5,760
South Sudan 56 0.5 2,890
Gabon 55 2.6 8,957
Uruguay 55 1.6 2,981
Togo 54 0.7 2,238
Belize 52 13.6 3,261
Channel Islands 48 28.2 833
Mayotte 44 17.0 4,366
Lesotho 43 2.0 1,947
San Marino 42 124.3 852
Benin 41 0.4 2,643
Guinea-Bissau 41 2.2 2,403
Maldives 37 7.2 11,591
Aruba 37 35.0 4,455
Rwanda 35 0.3 5,129
Vietnam 35 0.0 1,173
Martinique 30 8.0 3,552
French Polynesia 29 10.4 7,262
Singapore 28 0.5 57,994
Cyprus 25 2.1 3,930
New Zealand 25 0.5 1,949
Isle of Man 24 28.5 352
Réunion 22 2.5 5,472
Saint Martin 22 59.0 805
Botswana 21 0.9 6,283
Tanzania 21 0.0 509
Sri Lanka 19 0.1 9,205
Sao Tome and Principe 15 7.1 943
Diamond Princess cruise ship 13 712
Iceland 12 3.6 4,671
Mauritius 10 0.8 439
Bermuda 9 14.3 194
Papua New Guinea 7 0.1 588
Taiwan 7 0.0 550
Comoros 7 0.8 517
Barbados 7 2.4 234
Turks and Caicos Islands 6 15.9 703
Brunei 3 0.7 148
Antigua and Barbuda 3 3.1 124
Monaco 2 5.2 337
Fiji 2 0.2 33
MS Zaandam cruise ship 2 9
Curaçao 1 0.6 907
Burundi 1 0.0 559
Liechtenstein 1 2.6 450
Cayman Islands 1 1.6 239
British Virgin Islands 1 3.4 71
Montserrat 1 20.0 13
Western Sahara 1 0.2 10
Gibraltar 0 0.0 682
Faroe Islands 0 0.0 494
Eritrea 0 0.0 461
Bhutan 0 0.0 346
Mongolia 0 0.0 340
Cambodia 0 0.0 290
Seychelles 0 0.0 153
Saint Barthelemy 0 0.0 83
St Vincent and the Grenadines 0 0.0 74
Saint Lucia 0 0.0 67
Dominica 0 0.0 38
Timor-Leste 0 0.0 30
Grenada 0 0.0 28
New Caledonia 0 0.0 27
Vatican 0 0.0 27
Laos 0 0.0 24
Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 0.0 19
Greenland 0 0.0 17
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0 0.0 16
Falkland Islands 0 0.0 13
Solomon Islands 0 0.0 8
Anguilla 0 0.0 3
Marshall Islands 0 0.0 2

Please update your browser to see full interactive

This information is regularly updated but may not reflect the latest totals for each country.

** The past data for new cases is a three day rolling average. Due to revisions in the number of cases, an average cannot be calculated for this date.

Source: Johns Hopkins University, national public health agencies and UN population data

Figures last updated: 29 October 2020, 11:08 GMT

The new coronavirus first came to light after China reported a cluster of infections in the city of Wuhan in December 2019. It has come under fire for being slow to acknowledge the outbreak, allowing gatherings to take place even as concerns grew and punishing doctors for warning others.

It has since been praised for effectively slowing the spread of the virus, after imposing a massive lockdown and increasing hospital capacity. It has so far confirmed 90,000 cases and 4,700 deaths, according to Johns Hopkins, although there have been concerns of underreporting.

What is the situation in Europe?

Surging coronavirus figures on the continent should serve as "a wake-up call", the World Health Organization's regional director has said.

Speaking in Copenhagen on Thursday, Hans Kluge said in the past two weeks the number of new cases had doubled in more than half of European member states.

He said that 300,000 new infections were reported across Europe last week alone and weekly cases had exceeded those reported during the first peak in March.

According to the WHO, there have been five million confirmed cases and more than 228,000 fatalities across Europe since the pandemic began.

Is there light at the end of the tunnel?

A number of countries and companies are piling resources into finding a vaccine that is safe and effective.

President Trump has recently said a vaccine might be available before the 3 November presidential elections - despite warnings from a number of health experts that this is unrealistic.

image copyrightReuters

But experts warned that the trials were too small to prove effectiveness and safety.

No vaccine has yet completed clinical trials, leading some scientists to fear politics rather than health and safety is driving the push for the possible cure.

There are also concerns that the race to get a vaccine will be won by the richest countries, at the expense of the most vulnerable.

At the same time, more than 150 different drugs are being researched to identify treatments for people with severe Covid-19.

Of all the drugs being trialled, only steroids have been proven to save lives and the discovery has been a significant breakthrough.

The UK's Recovery trial showed the steroid dexamethasone cut the risk of death by a third for patients on ventilators and by a fifth for those on oxygen.

And further data suggests another steroid, hydrocortisone, is equally effective too.

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