Covid-19: New fear grips Europe as cases top 30m worldwide

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Image source, EPA
Image caption,
The virus appears to be spreading much faster in India than any other country

The number of confirmed coronavirus cases across the globe has surpassed 30 million, according to figures by America's Johns Hopkins University.

More than 940,000 have died with Covid-19 since the outbreak began in China late last year.

The US, India and Brazil have the most confirmed cases, but there is a renewed spike in infections across Europe.

Many northern hemisphere countries are now bracing for a second wave of the pandemic as winter approaches.

In the UK, the government is considering taking further England-wide measures including a short period of restrictions to try to slow a second surge of infections.

Outside Europe, Israel brings in a second nationwide lockdown later on Friday - the first nation to do so.

Africa has recorded more than a million confirmed cases, although the true extent of the pandemic in the continent is not known. Testing rates are reported to be low, which could distort official figures.

What is happening in key countries?

A team of infectious disease experts at Johns Hopkins University, in the US city of Baltimore, have been documenting the global spread of Covid-19 on its tracking website.

According to their data, the US remains by far the worst-hit country in terms of sheer numbers, with more than 6.6 million confirmed infections, and over 197,000 deaths.

The number of new daily infections has been dropping, though, after a spike in July.

Media caption,
CDC director vs President Trump on face masks and vaccines

Earlier this week, President Donald Trump denied downplaying the seriousness of Covid-19, despite admitting in a recorded interview to having done that.

In India, the number of known infections climbed above five million this week - the second-highest caseload in the world.

When comparing figures from different countries it is important to bear in mind factors such as population size and density. For instance, India has a population of 1.3bn people.

However, the virus appears to be spreading much faster in India than any other country, with daily cases topping 90,000 in recent days. More than 80,000 people have died, amid reports of shortages of intensive care beds and oxygen supplies.

Brazil has had more than 4.4 million confirmed cases, with more than 134,000 fatalities - the second-highest death toll after the US.

Media caption,
Bolsonaro removed his mask after announcing he had tested positive for coronavirus

President Jair Bolsonaro has come under criticism for downplaying coronavirus, particularly after attending an anti-lockdown rally. The right-wing leader - who had been calling the virus a "little flu" - himself tested positive in July.

Argentina and Mexico have also been hit hard by the outbreak in Latin America.

Argentina on Thursday reported nearly 13,000 more cases over a 24-hour period, pushing the country's overall total above 600,000.

Meanwhile, Mexico confirmed more than 3,000 daily infections, bringing the caseload to more than 680,000.

At the same time, deaths per 100,000 people vary significantly from country to country, with San Marino, Peru and Belgium having the highest rates, and India one of the lowest.

In the table below, countries can be reordered by deaths, death rate and total cases. In the coloured bars on the right-hand side, countries in which cases have risen to more than 5,000 per day are those with black bars on the relevant date.

data in detail

Scroll table to see more data

*Deaths per 100,000 people

US 773,022 235.5 48,014,234
Brazil 614,278 291.1 22,080,906
India 468,790 34.3 34,580,832
Mexico 293,897 230.4 3,883,842
Russia 267,527 185.3 9,403,480
Peru 201,108 618.6 2,234,075
UK 144,775 216.6 10,146,915
Indonesia 143,808 53.1 4,255,936
Italy 133,674 221.7 5,007,818
Iran 129,629 156.3 6,108,882
Colombia 128,437 255.1 5,065,373
France 118,894 177.3 7,620,048
Argentina 116,529 259.3 5,326,448
Germany 100,960 121.4 5,804,140
Ukraine 90,642 204.2 3,594,720
South Africa 89,797 153.3 2,961,406
Spain 87,955 186.8 5,131,012
Poland 83,037 218.7 3,507,828
Turkey 76,446 91.6 8,748,025
Romania 56,275 290.7 1,776,949
Philippines 48,361 44.7 2,831,807
Chile 38,313 202.2 1,759,405
Hungary 33,866 346.6 1,068,888
Ecuador 33,128 190.7 524,432
Czech Republic 32,929 308.6 2,132,380
Malaysia 30,309 94.9 2,623,816
Canada 29,686 79.0 1,794,286
Pakistan 28,718 13.3 1,284,365
Bulgaria 28,101 402.8 689,356
Bangladesh 27,978 17.2 1,575,784
Belgium 26,840 233.7 1,701,633
Tunisia 25,363 216.9 717,258
Vietnam 24,882 25.8 1,210,340
Iraq 23,793 60.5 2,079,622
Thailand 20,734 29.8 2,111,566
Egypt 20,347 20.3 356,718
Netherlands 19,317 111.4 2,599,579
Bolivia 19,161 166.4 536,472
Myanmar 19,088 35.3 521,561
Portugal 18,417 179.3 1,142,707
Japan 18,354 14.5 1,726,479
Greece 17,959 167.6 924,506
Kazakhstan 17,765 96.0 1,053,427
Paraguay 16,367 232.3 462,605
Guatemala 15,928 95.9 617,610
Sweden 15,145 147.2 1,198,848
Morocco 14,774 40.5 949,732
Sri Lanka 14,305 65.6 562,520
Slovakia 14,274 261.7 1,152,125
Bosnia and Herzegovina 12,456 377.3 272,798
Austria 12,388 139.6 1,143,283
Georgia 11,974 321.8 840,593
Serbia 11,588 166.9 1,250,393
Jordan 11,551 114.3 943,305
Nepal 11,523 40.3 820,878
Switzerland 11,471 133.8 986,834
Croatia 10,759 264.5 603,316
Honduras 10,402 106.7 377,859
Moldova 9,069 341.2 362,433
Saudi Arabia 8,833 25.8 549,695
Lebanon 8,709 127.0 668,087
Cuba 8,300 73.2 962,220
Israel 8,189 90.5 1,342,498
Azerbaijan 7,807 77.9 585,783
North Macedonia 7,547 362.2 215,009
Armenia 7,514 254.0 337,931
Panama 7,362 173.4 477,514
Afghanistan 7,308 19.2 157,218
Costa Rica 7,287 144.4 566,560
Ethiopia 6,740 6.0 371,262
Lithuania 6,719 241.1 468,494
Uruguay 6,129 177.0 399,348
Algeria 6,058 14.1 210,152
Ireland 5,652 114.4 560,054
Libya 5,438 80.2 371,571
Kenya 5,333 10.1 254,951
Slovenia 5,188 248.5 417,376
Venezuela 5,138 18.0 430,696
Belarus 5,054 53.4 651,839
China 4,849 0.3 111,176
Palestinian Territories 4,789 102.2 459,479
Zimbabwe 4,705 32.1 133,991
Dominican Republic 4,204 39.1 406,803
Latvia 4,146 216.8 252,413
Oman 4,113 82.7 304,519
El Salvador 3,771 58.4 119,803
Zambia 3,667 20.5 210,143
South Korea 3,580 6.9 444,200
Namibia 3,573 143.2 129,180
Uganda 3,252 7.3 127,451
Sudan 3,114 7.3 42,056
Albania 3,089 108.2 199,555
Kosovo 2,983 166.3 161,081
Nigeria 2,975 1.5 213,982
Cambodia 2,935 17.8 120,112
Denmark 2,872 49.4 478,927
Kyrgyzstan 2,743 42.5 183,285
Syria 2,739 16.0 47,965
Kuwait 2,465 58.6 413,266
Botswana 2,416 104.9 194,909
Jamaica 2,388 81.0 91,169
Malawi 2,305 12.4 61,897
Montenegro 2,285 367.3 156,873
United Arab Emirates 2,146 22.0 741,918
Trinidad and Tobago 2,115 151.6 70,136
Australia 1,997 7.9 209,143
Mongolia 1,995 61.9 381,135
Yemen 1,946 6.7 9,987
Mozambique 1,940 6.4 151,524
Senegal 1,885 11.6 73,985
Estonia 1,791 135.0 221,549
Cameroon 1,791 6.9 106,794
Angola 1,733 5.4 65,144
Uzbekistan 1,399 4.2 193,065
Bahrain 1,394 84.9 277,585
Rwanda 1,342 10.6 100,330
Somalia 1,327 8.6 23,016
Finland 1,309 23.7 182,284
Eswatini 1,248 108.7 46,538
Ghana 1,209 4.0 130,920
Suriname 1,166 200.6 50,760
DR Congo 1,104 1.3 58,115
Norway 1,050 19.6 260,921
Guyana 987 126.1 37,773
Madagascar 967 3.6 44,072
Luxembourg 866 139.7 88,108
Taiwan 848 3.6 16,588
Mauritania 831 18.4 39,178
Guadeloupe 823 205.7 55,080
Tanzania 730 1.3 26,261
Haiti 723 6.4 25,027
Martinique 707 188.3 45,010
Ivory Coast 704 2.7 61,708
Singapore 701 12.3 262,383
Fiji 696 78.2 52,494
Bahamas 671 172.3 22,734
Lesotho 662 31.1 21,755
French Polynesia 636 227.7 45,609
Qatar 611 21.6 243,132
Mali 605 3.1 17,339
Cyprus 591 49.3 131,951
Belize 570 146.0 30,165
Papua New Guinea 545 6.2 35,029
Malta 468 93.1 39,234
Guinea 387 3.0 30,763
Réunion 381 42.9 59,048
Cape Verde 349 63.5 38,362
Congo 349 6.5 18,837
Gambia 342 14.6 9,989
French Guiana 325 111.8 45,802
Liberia 287 5.8 5,821
Burkina Faso 281 1.4 15,711
Saint Lucia 280 153.2 12,977
Gabon 279 12.8 37,298
New Caledonia 276 95.9 12,105
Niger 254 1.1 6,958
Maldives 248 46.7 91,464
Togo 243 3.0 26,241
Mauritius 240 19.0 21,040
Barbados 223 77.7 24,923
Nicaragua 212 3.2 17,152
Grenada 200 178.6 5,888
Djibouti 186 19.1 13,504
Mayotte 185 69.5 20,938
Curaçao 178 113.0 17,397
Chad 175 1.1 5,107
Aruba 174 163.7 16,324
Equatorial Guinea 173 12.8 13,579
Benin 161 1.4 24,850
Laos 159 2.2 71,518
Comoros 150 17.6 4,498
Guinea-Bissau 148 7.7 6,440
South Sudan 133 1.2 12,717
Andorra 131 169.8 16,712
Seychelles 125 128.0 23,197
Tajikistan 125 1.3 17,493
Timor-Leste 122 9.4 19,822
Sierra Leone 121 1.5 6,401
Antigua and Barbuda 117 120.5 4,141
Bermuda 106 165.8 5,730
Channel Islands 103 59.8 17,326
Central African Republic 101 2.1 11,708
Gibraltar 98 290.8 7,179
Brunei 97 22.4 14,992
San Marino 93 274.7 5,930
Sint Maarten 75 184.1 4,575
St Vincent and the Grenadines 74 66.9 5,500
Isle of Man 66 78.0 11,152
Liechtenstein 61 160.4 4,507
Eritrea 60 1.7 7,318
Saint Martin 56 147.4 4,013
Sao Tome and Principe 56 26.0 3,731
New Zealand 43 0.9 11,444
Burundi 38 0.3 20,386
Dominica 38 52.9 5,955
British Virgin Islands 38 126.5 2,773
Monaco 36 92.4 3,705
Iceland 35 9.7 17,446
Saint Kitts and Nevis 28 53.0 2,782
Turks and Caicos Islands 24 62.8 3,096
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba 22 84.7 2,889
Faroe Islands 13 26.7 3,505
Diamond Princess cruise ship 13 712
Wallis and Futuna Islands 7 61.2 454
Saint Barthelemy 6 60.9 1,666
Cayman Islands 4 6.2 6,738
Bhutan 3 0.4 2,640
Anguilla 3 20.2 1,334
MS Zaandam cruise ship 2 9
Montserrat 1 20.0 44
Vanuatu 1 0.3 6
Greenland 0 0.0 1,332
Falkland Islands 0 0.0 79
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0 0.0 61
Vatican 0 0.0 27
Solomon Islands 0 0.0 20
Palau 0 0.0 8
Saint Helena 0 0.0 4
Marshall Islands 0 0.0 4
Samoa 0 0.0 3
Kiribati 0 0.0 2
Cook Islands 0 0.0 1
Tonga 0 0.0 1
Micronesia 0 0.0 1

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This information is regularly updated but may not reflect the latest totals for each country.

** The past data for new cases is a three day rolling average. Due to revisions in the number of cases, an average cannot be calculated for this date.

Source: Johns Hopkins University and national public health agencies

Figures last updated: 29 November 2021, 10:33 GMT

The new coronavirus first came to light after China reported a cluster of infections in the city of Wuhan in December 2019. It has come under fire for being slow to acknowledge the outbreak, allowing gatherings to take place even as concerns grew and punishing doctors for warning others.

It has since been praised for effectively slowing the spread of the virus, after imposing a massive lockdown and increasing hospital capacity. It has so far confirmed 90,000 cases and 4,700 deaths, according to Johns Hopkins, although there have been concerns of underreporting.

What is the situation in Europe?

Surging coronavirus figures on the continent should serve as "a wake-up call", the World Health Organization's regional director has said.

Speaking in Copenhagen on Thursday, Hans Kluge said in the past two weeks the number of new cases had doubled in more than half of European member states.

He said that 300,000 new infections were reported across Europe last week alone and weekly cases had exceeded those reported during the first peak in March.

According to the WHO, there have been five million confirmed cases and more than 228,000 fatalities across Europe since the pandemic began.

Is there light at the end of the tunnel?

A number of countries and companies are piling resources into finding a vaccine that is safe and effective.

President Trump has recently said a vaccine might be available before the 3 November presidential elections - despite warnings from a number of health experts that this is unrealistic.

Image source, Reuters

But experts warned that the trials were too small to prove effectiveness and safety.

No vaccine has yet completed clinical trials, leading some scientists to fear politics rather than health and safety is driving the push for the possible cure.

There are also concerns that the race to get a vaccine will be won by the richest countries, at the expense of the most vulnerable.

At the same time, more than 150 different drugs are being researched to identify treatments for people with severe Covid-19.

Of all the drugs being trialled, only steroids have been proven to save lives and the discovery has been a significant breakthrough.

The UK's Recovery trial showed the steroid dexamethasone cut the risk of death by a third for patients on ventilators and by a fifth for those on oxygen.

And further data suggests another steroid, hydrocortisone, is equally effective too.

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