Africa

Muhammadu Buhari's Nigeria to-do list

An art student takes part in a competition by drawing a portrait of President-elect Muhammad Buhari Image copyright Reuters

In our series of letters from African journalists, Sola Odunfa looks at the challenges ahead for Nigeria's incoming President Muhammadu Buhari.

This is the one Nigerian president who will assume office on Friday with unprecedented goodwill across the country - even from people who did not vote for him in the presidential election held two months ago.

His pre-election albatross of being a stern disciplinarian during his first time as as military head of state in 1983 has suddenly transformed to a quality which Nigerians are yearning for in the face of the excruciating pains of mass poverty and social insecurity pervading the land.

With his inauguration, he will have achieved his long-cherished dream of becoming a democratically elected leader - having made history as the first opposition candidate to win a presidential election in Nigeria.

But he will need prayers to have the courage and wisdom to confront the huge tasks he will inherit immediately after he is sworn in.


Muhammadu Buhari in focus:

Image copyright AFP
Image caption Gen Buhari has finally got a kiss of approval from voters
  • Age 72
  • First opposition candidate to win a president election
  • Military ruler of Nigeria from 1984 to 1985
  • Deposed in a coup
  • Poor human rights record
  • Seen as incorruptible
  • Disciplinarian - civil servants late for work had to do frog jumps
  • Muslim from northern Nigeria
  • Survived an apparent Boko Haram assassination attempt

Muhammadu Buhari profile


President Buhari's to-do list is indeed a long one.

Earlier this month, his deputy, Yemi Osinbajo, said that 110 million out of Nigeria's population of 170 million were living in "extreme poverty" while the largest chunk of the nation's wealth was going into the pockets of a small percentage of the population.

This situation has been brought about by the mindless corruption of the past six years, mainly fuelled by a cabal in the oil and gas industry.

Image copyright AFP
Image caption Youth unemployment is one of the big issues facing the incoming administration

When I walk through the streets of the commercial capital, Lagos, in the morning I pass endless groups of young men and women idling in front of houses and shops, most of them without any idea of when or if breakfast will come and what to do with themselves for the day.

They easily snap and lurch at one another in senseless fights.

You dare not try to make peace if you are not of their neighbourhood. Otherwise, they transfer the aggression to you.

Teenage prostitution and pregnancy are commonplace because the young have nothing else to do and also because the girls easily fall prey to the lure of a decent meal and gifts by men old enough to be their grandfathers.


Sola Odunfa:

"Was he not the same man who 32 years ago corralled scores of corrupt politicians into prison and forced Nigerians to imbibe the queue culture in public places, Nigerians ask?"


Naturally, the crime rate is very high.

All these are the first born of, again, corruption in high places.

Of the 110 million Nigerians suffering extreme poverty, many are young college graduates of the past seven years but who have no hope of gaining employment.

Several thousands more will join them when new sets graduate in a few months' time.

In the mainly Muslim north, many of the unemployed end up in the ranks of militant Islamist group Boko Haram which has been behind the six-year insurgency in the north-east.

'No power for the people'

Factories and other businesses are closing down at a rate which the government Office of Statistics cannot publish.

Social services hardly exist anymore in my country.

Image copyright AFP
Image caption There have been long queues at petrol stations this month because of a fuel shortage

Public hospitals are short of everything - beds, drugs, nurses and doctors.

I have not had electric power in my residence in the past 10 days, like everyone else in my lucky economic situation I rely on a power generator - and I pay through the nose to fuel it.

Talking of fuel, transportation has been crippled in this Opec-member country this month because of a recent row between the government and petroleum importers over fuel subsidies.

The fuel business in Nigeria is a huge scam in which importers demand payment for cargoes which the government is convinced are never delivered - and the amount they are talking about is millions of US dollars.

Image copyright AFP
Image caption Muhammadu Buhari's support base is particulary strong in northern Nigeria

Where does Mr Buhari begin to tackle Nigeria's problems?

Unfortunately my country people believe that he has the magic wand to command instant solutions and give us a better life within a few months.

He has had to come out to appeal for patience and confess that he does not have such magical powers.

Was he not the same man who 32 years ago corralled scores of corrupt politicians into prison and forced Nigerians to imbibe the queue culture in public places, Nigerians ask?

They want him to do it again - but without the horse whip.