Africa

Shekau 'still in charge' of Nigeria's Boko Haram

Abubakar Shekau Image copyright AFP
Image caption Mr Shekau identified himself as "governor" of the West Africa Province of the Islamic State group (file image)

An audio message has emerged of Nigerian-based Islamist militant group Boko Haram's leader Abubakar Shekau, in which he denies he has been replaced.

In the message, addressed to the leader of the Islamic State militant group to whom Boko Haram has pledged allegiance, Mr Shekau said he was still in command.

He had not featured in the group's recent videos, prompting speculation he had been killed or incapacitated.

Last week the Chadian president said Mr Shekau had been replaced.

The Nigerian army has dismissed the recording as irrelevant, saying it did not matter whether he was alive or dead.

Mr Shekau described as "blatant lies" reports that he was no longer in charge.

"I am alive," he said, adding: "I will only die when the time appointed by Allah comes."

The eight-minute-long recording mocked a recent statement by the new Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari that Boko Haram would be eliminated within three months.


Analysis: Mansur Liman, Editor, BBC Hausa Service

There is no doubt that the voice is that of Abubakar Shekau, but he seemed more subdued than in his previous recordings.

His delivery was slow and steady, in contrast to his habitually theatrical performances. It is also interesting that this was an audio recording, rather than one of the slickly produced videos Boko Haram has been releasing, rather like those of its Islamic State allies.

It could be that the pressure is starting to tell.

Nigeria's army has been making progress and cutting off the group's supply lines.

While they used to stage attacks in large convoys of vehicles with heavy weapons, witnesses say recent raids have been carried out on horseback and even bicycles.


Horrific attacks

Mr Shekau took over as the group's leader after its founder, Muhammad Yusuf, died in Nigerian police custody in July 2009.

Under his leadership Boko Haram has become more radical and has carried out more killings.

In numerous videos, Mr Shekau has taunted the Nigerian authorities, celebrating the group's violent acts including the abduction of the more than 200 Chibok schoolgirls in April 2014.

Last month, Mr Buhari said he would be willing to negotiate with the Boko Haram leadership for the release of the Chibok girls - depending on the credibility of those saying they represented the group.

A previous prisoner-swap attempt ended in failure.

Although momentum is gathering for a concerted regional offensive against the group, Boko Haram continues to carry out horrific attacks, not only in Nigeria but in its neighbours too, reports the BBC's Africa editor Mary Harper.


Boko Haram at a glance

Image copyright AFP
  • Founded in 2002, initially focused on opposing Western-style education - Boko Haram means "Western education is forbidden" in the Hausa language
  • Launched military operations in 2009
  • Thousands killed, mostly in north-eastern Nigeria, abducted hundreds, including at least 200 schoolgirls
  • Joined Islamic State, now calls itself "West African province"
  • Seized large area in north-east, where it declared caliphate
  • Regional force has retaken most territory this year

Profile: Abubakar Shekau

Will new military base help defeat Boko Haram?

Why Boko Haram remain a threat

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