Stolen African penguin 'cannot survive in the wild'

An African penguin on a beach in South Africa Image copyright EPA
Image caption African penguin Buddy was taken to prove a point about animals in captivity - but his rescuers may have unwittingly signed his death warrant (stock image)

A desperate search is under way for an endangered African penguin "freed" by activists who may have unwittingly sent the bird to his death.

Buddy was stolen from a South African marine park by two students who claim it was a demonstration against animals being kept in captivity.

But Buddy was born in the park, and has no idea how to survive in the wild.

Experts say the penguin could last for just two more weeks before he will starve to death.

Dylan Bailey, manager of Bayworld in Port Elizabeth, said: "He is completely ill-equipped to survive in the wild. He will have no idea where he is.

"Luckily, he was a very healthy penguin - actually quite fat - so he has a good few weeks of reserves."

However, the park estimates that still means he has just three weeks from the moment he was stolen.


Buddy's disappearance was discovered the day after he was taken - when he could not be found for his monthly check up.

CCTV revealed two students - who have not been named, but are in their early 20s - climbing into the pool, and then bundling Buddy into the boot of a car before driving him a short distance to the sea, where they released him.

The two students had no intention of harming the bird, but their actions may have far reaching consequences, Mr Bailey told the AFP news agency.

Buddy was part of a breeding pair, and was looking after his two new chicks with mate Francis when he was stolen.

Since his disappearance, one of the chicks has died, although park officials do not know if this was related. Francis is also now unable to leave the nest, as Buddy is not there to take over from her.

Image copyright AFP
Image caption African penguins mate for life

Worse, African penguins are about to be added to the critically endangered list, with fewer than 20,000 breeding pairs in the wild. A successful match like Buddy and Francis is important for the species' very survival. Should Buddy not be found, pairing Francis with another mate could be close to impossible.

Mr Bailey explained: "They are monogamous animals. They pair for life. If we can't get Buddy back, we will try to pair her with another bird, but it may not be successful."

Staff have been scouring hundreds of kilometres of coastline, in the hope that one of them might spot Buddy.

"We are optimistic," Mr Bailey said. "We have hope he will come ashore before he becomes too weak."

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