Africa

Letter from Africa: Zimbabwe hopes to rise from the ashes in 2018

Supporters of Emmerson Mnangagwa in Zimbabwe hold a banner, saying "Our hero, our hope" - Harare, 22 November 2017 Image copyright AFP

In our series of letters from Africa, journalist-turned-barrister Brian Hungwe looks at what is in store for Zimbabweans in 2018 following the resignation of 93-year-old Robert Mugabe in November after 37 years in power.

A year ago, no Zimbabwean would have predicted the tumultuous events that led to Mr Mugabe's political demise and the elevation of his sacked deputy Emmerson Mnangagwa to the presidency.

Whatever the circumstances that ushered Mr Mnangagwa into office, the one thing all Zimbabweans yearn for this year is an economic revival.

There is a biting cash crisis, with long queues at banks.

Image copyright Reuters
Image caption Cash is hard to come by from banks and jobs are scare

With elections due in August, the new president has seven months to demonstrate that he is no Robert Mugabe.

His predecessor was accused of squandering opportunities - it was, according to some, a period of misrule that allowed the economy to be run into the ground.

But to win the elections, Mr Mnangagwa has to fix the economy. And he knows it.

Wooing the diaspora

Last month, he went to South Africa, the region's economic power, to woo back investors, frightened off by Mr Mugabe's indigenisation laws that required that 51% of companies be in the hands of black Zimbabweans.

Mr Mnangagwa's government has softened the legislation - and it now only applies to diamond and platinum companies.

The packed gathering in South Africa was also attended by those who fled Zimbabwe's economic crisis over the last two decades - it is estimated that more than three million Zimbabweans now live in the diaspora.

Mr Mnangagwa wants them to come home and invest - and assured them that the economy was his number one concern.

Brian Hungwe:

"Mr Mnangagwa does not seem to mind the colour of the cat as long as it catches mice"

Insiders talk of an economic miracle in the offing, returning the country torn by political strife to the envy of the region - after decades of international isolation.

There is a projection the economy will grow by more than 4.5% this year.

While Mr Mugabe adopted a "Look East" policy, after being spurned by the West, Mr Mnangagwa is keen to show he is not taking sides.

He does not seem to mind the colour of the cat as long as it catches mice.

Image copyright EPA
Image caption Reviving the agricultural sector will be key for any economic recovery

Sources say he has strong Chinese backing to revive the country and improving relations with the UK, the country's former colonial power.

In his inauguration speech, Mr Mnangagwa said Zimbabweans should not remain hostages of their past.

"Let us humbly appeal to all of us that we let bygones be bygones, readily embracing each other in defining a new destiny of our beloved Zimbabwe."

'Rampant corruption'

It was an admission that Mr Mugabe's policies had damaged the country and implied the new leader intended to do things differently - despite the fact that he had been part of the old system.

Yet the statistics are stark.

Some estimates put Zimbabwe's rate of unemployment at 95% - most people eke a living in the informal economy.

The country's manufacturing sector has shrunk by at least 50%, according to the Confederation of Zimbabwe Industries.

There are also no significant revenue inflows, and import and export disparities are huge.

More on Zimbabwe post Mugabe:

Rampant corruption has also corroded the fabric of society, leaving many dispirited.

Mr Mnangagwa said he would act - and many arrests have taken place.

This has given some people hope.

However, "the crocodile", as Mr Mnangagwa is affectionately known because of the unit he fought in during the liberation war, will have to tame himself to keep these hopes alive.

Image copyright EPA
Image caption Nicknamed "the crocodile", President Mnangagwa has promised it will not be business as usual in Zimbabwe

He cannot afford to "Mugabenise" Zimbabwe again if he wants to win popular support in elections due before the end of August, though sceptics suggest the ruling Zanu-PF party - given its now open backing from the military - could simply return to its strong-arm tactics to remain in power.

Either way, the year ahead looks rocky for the opposition.

Weak and divided, it is unclear whether it will unite behind one candidate to challenge Mr Mnangagwa.

The new president insists that it will not be business as usual in 2018 - on the political or economic front.

He wakes up early for work and spends weekends in the office - in contrast to his 93-year-old predecessor, who was often pictured napping on the job.

The indications so far are that "the crocodile" does mean business.

And business is what matters.

More Letters from Africa:

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