India national anthem no longer compulsory in cinemas
India's Supreme Court has reversed its previous order that the national anthem must be played in every cinema before a film is screened.
The court order came on Tuesday in response to a government request to reconsider the controversial ruling.
It fuelled opposition and even led to arrests of those who refused to stand.
The ruling Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party's stance has surprised many as it had called the 2016 order a "fantastic move" at the time.
The film club had argued that forcing cinemas to play the national anthem and insisting that people stood while it was being played "infringes fundamental rights", and talked about the false equivalence between an "outward show of respect" and an "actual sentiment of respect".
During its hearing of the petition, the court asked the government in October to decide whether standing for the national anthem in cinemas was mandatory.
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In its response on Monday, the government said it had formed a panel to decide on the issue and asked the court to reverse its ruling until a decision was made.
Both the court ruling and the government stand are making waves on social media. Many are criticising the BJP for reversing its previous stance.
In the 1960s and 1970s, cinemas regularly played the anthem but the practice gradually declined.
Prior to the 2016 Supreme Court ruling, there was no uniform law in India regarding the anthem and the 29 states had their own laws on the issue.
The ruling sparked concern that people could be targeted for not "respecting" the national anthem:
- In October the BBC carried an article by a disabled man who described how he had been assaulted for not standing up for the anthem in a cinema
- Last year, a group of people were thrown out of a cinema hall for not standing for the national anthem
- In 2014, a man was beaten by a mob in Mumbai after his South African friend refused to stand for the national anthem
- Also in 2014, a man in Kerala state was charged with sedition for refusing to stand for the anthem.