India

Monsoon floods kill dozens and displace millions in India

Girls row a makeshift raft past submerged houses at a flood-affected village in Assam's Karbi Anglong district. Image copyright Reuters
Image caption Girls row a makeshift raft in Assam

Millions have been stranded or displaced as devastating floods continue to ravage large parts of India, Nepal and Bangladesh.

In India, the eastern state of Bihar and the north-eastern state of Assam have been the worst hit.

Local officials told BBC Hindi that nearly 100 people have been killed in both states.

The region was hit by monsoon rains which triggered floods and landslides, submerging homes and transport links.

General view of a flooded area following heavy monsoon rains in Muzaffarpur in the Indian state of Bihar on July 17, 2019. Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption Muzaffarpur in Bihar is among the worst hit places

Flood waters covered buildings, roads and railway lines, cutting off whole districts - such as Muzaffarpur in Bihar.

Some 4.7 million have been displaced in Bihar, one of India's poorest states. More than 100,000 people are now living in relief camps, officials say.

Kosi, one of the state's major rivers, is referred to as "the sorrow of Bihar" because of the devastating floods it causes every year during the monsoon.

The monsoon season, which lasts from June to September, wreaks havoc across South Asia.

More than 1,200 people died in the region amid storms and landslides last year, when India's southern state of Kerala faced its worst floods in nearly a century.

An Indian resident carries gas canisters as he wades through a flooded area following heavy monsoon rains in Muzaffarpur in the Indian state of Bihar. Image copyright Getty Images

In the latest flooding, residents have been forced to leave their homes for higher ground.

Many have tried to salvage what they can. Cooking gas cylinders, which the federal government gives to poor families for a subsidised price, are a precious commodity in India.

Floods have also ravaged farm land in Assam and Bihar, which are still predominantly dependent on agriculture.

Indian residents drive their vehicles along a flooded road following heavy monsoon rains at Sitamarhi district in the Indian state of Bihar. Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption Sitamarhi district in Bihar was badly flooded

In Assam, the water level in the Brahmaputra river and its tributaries is showing a "rising trend", officials told Reuters. They added that it is "flowing above the danger mark in at least 10 places".

A jail in Dhubri district was inundated, forcing officials to move all 409 prisoners to a girl's college that had escaped the flood waters.

Woman and children take shelter on a height in the flood effected Kalgachia of Barpeta district of Assam, India on July 12, 2019. Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption A woman and her children seek shelter on higher ground in Barpeta, Assam

Residents are waiting for the water to recede in Assam's Barpeta district, which, according to some reports, is the worst hit in the state.

Some 5.7 million people have been displaced in Assam - more than 150,000 are living in relief camps.

One-horned rhinoceros take shelter on a higher-land in the flood affected area of Kaziranga National Park in the northeastern Indian state of Assam on July 18, 2019. Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption Rhinoceros seek refuge in Assam

The floods have also affected Kaziranga national park, one of the world's most important wildlife parks and home to the highly endangered one-horned rhino.

Rescue and relief efforts are under way - but they have been slowed by the remoteness of many of the flooded villages. Rains have also continued, making it that much harder to get supplies in.

A couple sits on a bed as their home is inundated by flood waters in the flood affected Morigaon district of Assam, India, 12 July 2019 Image copyright EPA
Image caption A couple in Assam's Morigaon district wait for help

"We're trying our best to reach out to the affected people in whatever way possible but yes, the situation is indeed very bad," Assam's Social Welfare Minister Pramila Rani Brahma told Reuters.

A girl places her school books to dry along a roaside at the flood affected area of Hatishila in Kamrup district of India's Assam state on July 16, 2019. Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption A girl in Assam's Hatishila village puts her drenched school books out to dry

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