Mongolia profile - Media

Published
image captionTwo million Mongolians were online by 2017

Mongolia's public broadcaster competes with privately-owned and satellite and cable outlets.

Press freedom is generally respected, says the US-based NGO Freedom House. But media ownership is opaque and many journalists self-censor to avoid offending political or business interests.

Reporters Without Borders says that more than half of all the defamation cases in Mongolia are brought against journalists and media.

Despite a high level of literacy, newspaper circulations tend to be small. Some titles are published by political parties.

BBC World Service broadcasts on 103.1 FM in Ulan Bator.

There were 2 million internet users by December 2017, around 67% of the population (InternetWorldStats). There are no official restrictions on web access.

The press

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image captionThere are plenty of newspapers to to choose from, but circulations are often small
  • Onoodor - private daily, the country's biggest
  • Zuuny Medee - private daily
  • Unen (Truth) -Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party daily, the country's oldest newspaper, founded in 1920
  • The UB Post - English-language weekly
image captionBroadcasters are largely free to voice opinions
  • Montsame - state-owned, English-language pages