How an 'Australian values' debate puzzled even Australia

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Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull and Immigration Minister Petter Dutton announce the changesImage source, Reuters
Image caption,
Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull (left) initially struggled to define Australian values

Australia unveiled significant changes to its citizenship process on Thursday, flagging - among several changes - new tests on English language and "Australian values".

The new requirements would put "Australian values at the heart of citizenship processes", the government said.

But as Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull explained the system, social media observers were keen to interrogate an obvious question.

What exactly are 'Australian values'?

That question appeared to trouble even Mr Turnbull, when a reporter asked him to provide a summary.

"What we will… the answer is yes, but the discussion paper that [the immigration] department has released is going to engage public discussion on this," he said.

After some further comments, he said: "Australians have an enormous reservoir of good sense, and we know that our values of mutual respect, democracy, freedom, rule of law, those values, a fair go - these they are fundamental Australian values."

Despite his clarification, Mr Turnbull's response drew rapid criticism from political commentators. "Wow... doesn't answer," said one; another dubbed the briefing "surreal"; a third suggested Mr Turnbull was in "full gibbering mode".

So the public came up with humorous suggestions

Sharing comments on a hashtag #AustralianValues, many people were quick to offer amusing alternatives.

Some joked that sporting fans complaining about rising match costs demonstrated "Australian values", while others poked fun at Australians' use of language and skill at making coffee.

Image source, @VxSNICKERS
Image source, @stephenjeffery
Image source, @StevenCrampton

Others took aim at politicians including one who resigned over an expenses scandal involving a chartered helicopter.

Image source, @RichardTuffin

But the discussion also turned serious

Some used it to protest government policy over the ailing Great Barrier Reef, or Australia's tough policy of offshore detention for asylum seekers.

Image source, @SunEconomy
Image source, @petegordon4sir

There was also criticism of Australia's soaring house prices, a topic of much national discussion in recent weeks.

Image source, @Oostralian

Others suggested that "Australian values" as a solitary concept would not necessarily result in wise policy.

Criticism included comparisons to last century's White Australia policy, when Australia took migrants from only certain countries, and the Stolen Generations, when Aboriginal children were forcibly removed from their families.

Image source, @beneltham

Was the criticism all fair?

That may be difficult to immediately assess, given the specifics of the new test are not fully known.

However, although the opposition accused Mr Turnbull of playing domestic politics, it did agree some of his ideas were worthwhile.

"I think it is reasonable to look for English language proficiency and I think it is reasonable to have some period of time before you become an Australian citizen," said opposition leader Bill Shorten.

Mr Turnbull's linking of Australian values to gender equality, and preventing domestic violence, also drew praise.

"The Prime Minister is on the right track defending the fundamental right of every woman and child to live free from violence and domestic abuse," said Libby Davies, the CEO of anti-domestic violence group White Ribbon.