Italy trade unions strike over Renzi's labour reforms

Riot police in Milan during protest, 12 Dec 14 Image copyright AFP
Image caption Some protesters hurled fireworks at police in Milan

A general strike has paralysed transport and shut schools and hospitals across Italy, as workers protest against labour market reforms.

Scuffles broke out between the police and some protesters in the northern cities of Milan and Turin. Rallies took place in all major cities.

Trade unions say the government's reforms would endanger job security by making it easier to dismiss workers.

But Prime Minister Matteo Renzi says Italy needs mobility of labour.

The centre-left Democratic Party (PD) leader will have to find a way to overcome the striking unions' opposition - something his many predecessors failed to do, the BBC's James Reynolds reports from Rome.

Economic malaise

Mr Renzi is under pressure from his European partners to revive the Italian economy - Europe's fourth largest - which is mired in recession and laden with debt.

His flagship reform is a "Jobs Act" aimed at loosening workplace restrictions and reducing Italy's 43% youth unemployment.

The unions say existing regulations are necessary to protect workers from being sacked by unscrupulous companies. They fear the spread of a "hire-and-fire" culture.

Angelo, a metal worker, told the BBC in Rome: "If there are demonstrations every day in Italy it's not because people are stupid, but because they're tired that the government always takes it out on the most vulnerable groups."

Thousands of union members took to the streets on Friday, from Milan to Palermo in the south.

Image copyright AFP
Image caption Milan rally: Thousands of trade union members protested across Italy
Image copyright AFP
Image caption A balloon depicting Mr Renzi as Pinocchio. The Prime Minister is currently in Turkey at a business forum
Image copyright EPA
Image caption "Enough!" proclaims the hat of a demonstrator taking part in the trade union rally in central Rome
Image copyright AFP
Image caption Some protesters in Milan wore Santa outfits

The industrial action is the first-ever by two of Italy's largest union confederations against a centre-left government.

Centre-left administrations have traditionally had close relationships with the unions.

Correspondents say it is a sign of internal discord within Mr Renzi's own party, with some members of his Democratic Party joining the marches.

In recent years, a series of Italian governments have tried and failed to reform the country's employment laws.

GDP has fallen by 0.4% in the past year, and in the decade to 2010 only two countries had lower GDP growth than Italy - Haiti and Zimbabwe.

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