Big pro-Catalan independence rally staged in Madrid

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Media caption,

Protesters wave Catalan flags in Madrid

Tens of thousands of supporters of Catalan independence have rallied in Spain's capital Madrid in protest at an ongoing trial of 12 separatist leaders.

Many waved Catalan flags and had placards reading "Self-determination is not a crime".

Protest organisers said 120,000 people marched in Madrid. Spanish police put the number at just 18,000.

The separatist leaders of Catalonia's failed 2017 independence bid face rebellion and sedition charges.

If convicted, some could face up to 25 years in prison.

What was Saturday's protest?

The rally was organised by more than 60 civil society groups from all over Spain.

Image source, AFP/Getty Images
Image caption,
Portraits of the Catalan leaders currently being on trial were displayed on banners
Image source, EPA
Image caption,
Catalonia's regional government president Quim Torra (right) and his predecessor Artur Mas (left) were at the rally

Hundreds of buses were laid on to bring demonstrators to Madrid from Catalonia and other regions.

The protesters then marched from the Atocha train station to the Plaza de Cibeles.

There have been no reports of any violence.

What's the background to this?

The semi-autonomous north-eastern region of Catalonia held an independence referendum on 1 October 2017, and declared its independence from Spain weeks later.

Spanish authorities declared the Catalan vote illegal, and the national government imposed direct rule.

Spain's 1978 constitution speaks of "the indissoluble unity of the Spanish nation".

The Catalonia crisis is considered the most serious to hit Spain since the era of fascist dictator Francisco Franco, who died in 1975.