During the 2003 invasion of Iraq by a US-led coalition, the American military devised a set of 55 playing cards depicting what it said were the most wanted members of the government.
Saddam Hussein was the Ace of Spades. Others were mostly senior members of the Baath Party or Revolutionary Command Council (RCC).
As US combat operations in the country come to an end, all but 10 on the list are believed to have been caught or killed. Saddam's former deputy, Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, is the most senior figure still at large.
Dead or killed
1/ Saddam Hussein - President of Iraq, commander-in-chief of military
Captured by coalition forces 13 December 2003, executed in Baghdad 30 December 2006
War crimes claims against the Iraqi leader included genocide of the Kurds, "ethnic cleansing" in which tens of thousands of Kurds, Turkmen, and Assyrians around the oil-rich city of Kirkuk were expelled as part of an "Arabisation" programme, mass civilian executions after the Kurdish and Shia uprisings in 1991, and religious persecution.
2/ Qusay Hussein - Special Republican Guard and Republican Guard commander
Killed 22 July 2003
Saddam Hussein's younger son and chosen successor. The 36-year-old Qusay was in charge of the Special Republican Guard and the feared intelligence and security services. He was accused of curbing dissident activity in Basra after the failed Shia uprising in 1991 with mass executions and torture.
3/ Uday Saddam Hussein - Fedayeen commander
Killed 22 July 2003
Saddam Hussein's 38-year-old son was commander of Saddam's Fedayeen forces and president of the Iraqi National Olympic Committee. Uday's alleged brutality is legendary in Iraq. According to Indict, the committee seeking to prosecute the Iraqi leadership for war crimes, he was personally engaged in acts of torture and ordered torture by forces under his command. He was said to have routinely abducted and raped women.
4/ Ali Hasan Majid - Presidential adviser, southern region commander
Captured by coalition forces 21 August 2003, executed in Baghdad 25 January 2010
Saddam Hussein's cousin, Ali Hasan Majid, was known as "Chemical Ali" for his alleged role in the use of poison gas against Kurds in 1988. He was given four separate death sentences for genocide and crimes against humanity for his role in the killings of thousands of Iraqis that took place between 1998 and 1999.
5/ Taha Yassin Ramadan - Vice-president
Taken into custody 18 August 2003, executed in Baghdad 20 March 2007
The 65-year-old vice-president and commander of the popular army was known as Saddam Hussein's enforcer. He was accused of complicity in the occupation of Kuwait. He was also accused of involvement in the brutal repression of Shia Muslims who rose up against the regime in 1991 and of the killing of thousands of Kurds in the town of Halabja in 1988 when the town was attacked with poison gas bombs.
6/ Barzan Ibrahim Hasan al-Tikriti - Baath party official
Taken into custody 16 April 2003, executed in Baghdad 15 January 2007
The former director of the notorious intelligence service, or Mukhabarat, which is believed to have tortured and murdered thousands of opponents of the regime. He was listed as number 52 in the US deck. He was also a former ambassador to the UN in Geneva.
7/ Muhammad Hamza al-Zubaidi - Central Euphrates region commander
Taken into custody 21 April 2003, died in a military hospital 2 December 2005 aged 67
Former deputy prime minister and member of the Revolutionary Command Council (RCC) Mr al-Zubaidi was captured by pro-US Free Iraqi forces on 21 April.
8/ Taha Muhyl al-Din Maruf - Vice-president and RCC member
Taken into custody 2 May 2003, died 9 August 2009
9/ Abid Hamid Mahmud al-Tikriti - Presidential secretary
Taken into custody 18 June 2003, executed 7 June 2012
One of Saddam Hussein's closest aides, Abid Hamid Mahmud al-Tikriti controlled access to the president and was frequently at his side. He is said to have directed matters of state and handed down many of the regime's repressive orders. The US says he was also authorised to deploy weapons of mass destruction.
At large or unaccounted for
1/ Izzat Ibrahim al-Dour: Vice-chairman Revolutionary Command Council, Northern regional commander
The 63-year-old deputy chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council and deputy chief of the armed forces is considered to have been Saddam Hussein's daily right-hand man. He was born in Tikrit, the Iraqi leader's home town. He was a key commander in the suppression of the failed Shia uprising in 1991. Indict also accuses Mr Ibrahim of the use of excessive military force against the Marsh Arabs of the south. He escaped an assassination attempt in Karbala in 1998. War crimes charges have been issued against him in Austria. He is unaccounted for and thought to be dead, although reports of his death have not been confirmed.
2/ Hani abd Latif Tilfa al-Tikriti - Special Security Organisation director
3/ Sayf al-Din Fulayyih Hassan Taha al-Rawi - Republican Guard forces commander
4/ Rafi Abd Latif al-Tilfah - Director of general security
5/ Tahir Jalil Habbush al-Tikriti - Internal intelligence services director
6/ Rukan Razuki abd al-Ghaful Sulayman al-Tikriti - Chief of tribal affairs
7/ Abdel Baqi abd Karim al-Sadun - Baath Party chairman and Baghdad militia commander
8/ Yahya Abdallah al-Ubaydi - Baath Party chairman, Basra Governate
9/ Nayif Shindakh Thamir - Baath Party chairman, Salah al-Din Governate
10/ Rashid Taan Kazim - Baath Party chairman, Anbar Governate
Aziz Salih al-Numan - Baath Party regional commander, militia commander
Taken into custody 22 May 2003
The former governor of occupied Kuwait and commander of the popular army in Kuwait is accused of complicity in atrocities allegedly carried out on Kuwaiti citizens. He was governor of the Karbala and Najaf areas in the 1970s and 1980s and is believed to have been involved in the destruction of Shia Muslim shrines during that time.
Tariq Aziz - Deputy prime minister
Surrendered 24 April 2003
The only Christian in the leadership was at Saddam Hussein's side from the 1950s. The 67-year-old deputy prime minister is one of the most well-known faces of the former regime in the West. As a member of the Revolutionary Command Council, he is accused by Indict of complicity in war crimes against Iran, Kuwait and his own people.
Watban Ibrahim al-Tikriti - Baath Party official
Taken into custody 13 April 2003
Saddam Hussein's half-brother and former intelligence minister and number 51 on the list. The former interior minister is believed to have been involved in repressing the 1991 uprisings.
Humam Abd al-Khaliq Abd al-Ghafur - Minister of higher education and scientific research
Taken into custody 21 April 2003
Number 54 on the list and a former member of Saddam Hussein's cabinet, Mr al-Ghafur was taken into custody by US troops on 21 April.
Jamal Mustafa Abdallah Sultan al-Tikriti - Deputy chief of tribal affairs
Taken into custody 20 April 2003
Saddam Hussein's son-in-law and private secretary, and number 40 on the wanted list, he returned to Iraq after fleeing to Syria and was taken into custody on 20 April.
Hikmat al-Azzawi - Finance minister
Taken into custody 19 April 2003
Number 45 on the list, Mr al-Azzawi was captured by Iraqi police in Baghdad and handed over to US forces on 19 April
Samir abd al-Aziz al-Najm - Baath Party chairman, Diyala region
Taken into custody 17 April 2003
Iraqi Kurds handed over Samir abd al-Aziz al-Najm, the Baath Party regional command chairman for east Baghdad and number 24, to US troops near Mosul on 17 April
Amir Hamudi Hasan al-Saadi - Presidential scientific adviser
Surrendered 12 April 2003
Saddam Hussein's high-profile scientific adviser surrendered in Baghdad after learning he was number 55 on the US list.
Kamal Mustafa Abdallah Sultan Tikriti - Republican Guard secretary :: Surrendered 17 May 2003
Barzan abd Ghafur Sulayman al-Tikriti - Special Republican Guard commander :: Taken into custody 23 July 2003
Muzahim Sa'b Hassan al-Tikriti - Air defence force commander :: Taken into custody 23 April 2003
Ibrahim Ahmad abd al-Sattar Muhammad al-Tikriti - Armed forces chief-of-staff :: Taken into custody 15 May 2003
Hamid Raja Shalah al-Tikriti - Air force commander :: Taken into custody 14 June 2003
Abd al-Tawab Mullah Huwaysh - Deputy prime minister :: Taken into custody 2 May 2003
Sultan Hashim Ahmad al-Tal - Minister of defence :: Surrendered 19 September 2003, sentenced to death 24 June 2007
Ayad Futayyih Khalifa al-Rawi - Al-Quds chief of staff :: Taken into custody 5 June 2003
Zuhayr Talib Abd al-Sattar al-Naqib - Director of military intelligence :: Taken into custody 23 April 2003
Muhammad Zimam Abd al-Razzaq al-Sadun - Baath Party chairman, Ta'mim and Ninawa Governate :: Taken into custody 15 February 2004
Sayf al-Din al-Mashhadani - Baath Party chairman and militia commander, Muthanna Governate :: Captured 24 May 2003
Fadil Mahmud Gharib - Baath Party chairman, Babil and Karbala Governate :: Taken into custody 15 May 2003
Muhsin Khadar al-Khafaji - Baath Party chairman, Qadisiyah Governate :: Taken into custody 7 February 2004
Ugla Abid Sighar al-Kubaysi - Baath Party chairman, Maysan Governate :: Taken into custody 20 May 2003
Ghazi Hamud al-Adib - Baath Party chairman, Wasit Governate :: Taken into custody 7 May 2003
Adil Abdallah Mahdi al-Duri al-Tikriti - Baath Party chairman, Dhi Qar Governate :: Taken into custody 15 May 2003
Husayn al-Awawi - Baath Party chairman, Ninawa Governate :: Taken into custody 9 June 2003
Khamis Sirhan al-Muhammad - Baath Party chairman, Karbala Governate :: Taken into custody 11 January 2004
Sad Abd al-Majid al-Faysal - Baath Party chairman, Salah al-Din Governate :: Taken into custody 24 May 2003
Latif Nussayif Jasim al-Dulaymi - Deputy chairman, Baath Party :: Taken into custody 9 June 2003
Mizban Khidir Hadi - Revolutionary Command Council member, regional commander, Euphrates region :: Surrendered 9 July 2003
Walid Hamid Tawfiq al-Tikriti - Governor of Basra Governate :: Surrendered 29 April 2003
Mahmud Dhiyab al-Ahmad - Interior minister :: Taken into custody 8 August 2003
Amir Rashid Muhammad al-Ubaydi - Former oil minister :: Taken into custody 28 April 2003
Muhammad Mahdi al-Salih - Minister of trade :: Taken into custody 23 April 2003
Hossam Mohammed Amin - National monitoring director :: Taken into custody 27 April 2003
Sabawi Ibrahim - Baath Party, Saddam Hussein's maternal half brother:: Capture announced 27 February 2005
Huda Salih Mahdi Ammash - Scientist :: Taken into custody 5 May 2003