Wikileaks has released almost 400,000 secret US military logs, which suggest US commanders ignored evidence of abuse, torture, rape and murder by the Iraqi authorities.
The documents also detail how "hundreds" of civilians were killed at US military checkpoints after the invasion in 2003.
And the files show the US kept records of civilian deaths, despite previously denying it. The death toll was put at 109,000, of whom 66,081 were civilians.
Below are edited extracts of some of the logs as published by Wikileaks or the Guardian newspaper, one of several newspapers given early access to the documents.
VIDEO OF DETAINEE APPARENTLY EXECUTED BY IRAQI SOLDIERS
Date: 2009-12-23 21:01:00
Type: Non-Combat Event
Tracking no.: 20091223210038SMB3878781772
Title: (NON-COMBAT EVENT) OTHER RPT : 1 CIV KIA
Summary: 14 DEC,09, MND-N reported (1) instance of alleged detainee abuse. The allegation involves ISF. This allegation has been forwarded to the appropriate command for initiation of inquiry/investigation and subsequent tracking. ///CLOSED 23 dec 09///
/// CLOSED 23-Dec-09 ///
Please find the attached SIR (Execution of Detainee)
WHAT: Execution by Iraqi Soldiers
WHEN: 14 DEC 09
SUMMARY: HCT 702 received a video from one of their sources. The video contains footage of Iraqi Army soldiers executing a detainee. The footage shows approximately 12 IA soldiers involved. Ten IA soldiers were talking to one another while two other soldiers held the detainee. The detainee had his hands bound. An officer the source identified as Maj. Ali Jadallah Husayn Al-Shamari, an intelligence officer for the 4-9/3 IA, was in the video. The footage shows the IA soldiers moving the detainee into the street, pushing him to the ground, punching him, and shooting him. The detainee has not been identified. There is no further information at this time. This corresponds to MNC-I PIR #5 and MNC-I PIR #6. This is an initial report; more information will be rendered when it becomes available.
DETAINEE FOUND DEAD WITH EXTENSIVE INJURIES - IRAQI CAPTORS SAY IT WAS SUICIDE
Date: 2009-08-27 09:00:00
Type: Suspicious Incident
Tracking no.: 20090827090038SLB413998
Title: (SUSPICIOUS INCIDENT) OTHER RPT RAMADI IRAQI CTU : 1 UE KIA
Summary: WHO: RAMADI PGC TT
WHAT: Reports possible detainee abuse
WHEN: 270900C AUG 09
WHERE: Iraqi CTU in Ramadi IVO (38S LB 413 998)
HOW: At 270900C AUG 09, the PGC TT reports possible detainee abuse IVO (38S LB 413 998). On 26 Aug 09, a PGC TT (which included a USN Corpsman) conducted a post mortem visual examination of JASIM MOHAMMED AHMED AL-SHIHAWI, an individual arrested in conjunction with a VBIED interdicted NE of Camp Taqaddum (SIGACT Entry DTG: 241130CAug09). The detainee was transferred from the IHP in Saqlawiah to the Iraqi CTU in Ramadi for questioning and while in custody, reportedly committed suicide. The PGC TT personnel conducting the post mortem examination found bruises and burns on the detainee`s body as well as visible injuries to the head, arm, torso, legs, and neck. The PGC TT report the injuries are consistent with abuse. The CTU/IP have reportedly begun an investigation into the detainees death. An update will be posted when more information becomes available. The SIR is attached.
DETAINEE FOUND DEAD WITH WOUNDS FROM "UNKNOWN SURGERY"
Date: 2008-12-03 12:00:00
Type: Suspicious Incident
Tracking no.: 20081203120038SMC6333039016
Title: (SUSPICIOUS INCIDENT) OTHER RPT (SUSPECTED SOI DETAINEE ABUSE) LN : 1 CIV KIA
Summary: 1/25 11:203
WHO: B/1-5 IN
WHAT: Death of Sheik
WHERE: 38SMC 63330 39016
HOW: CMD/B/1-5IN reports: while talking to Tahrir local IP chief, he was informed that Sheik Bashir had died of bad kidneys while in custody of the MCU. IP released the body from the morgue on COL Faris orders so the cause of death could be determined. Post mortem revealed no apparent direct cause of death and the doctor concluded there would be no clear results until lab test came back in approximately one month.
SUMMARY: Sheik Bashir , a SoIZ leader, died while in custody of the MCU.
CF Assessment: There was evidence of some type of unknown surgical procedure on Bashir\'s abdomen. The incision was closed by 3-4 stitches. There was also evidence of bruises on the face, chest, ankle, and back of the body.
APACHE HELICOPTER HUNTS AND KILLS "ANTI-IRAQI FORCES" AFTER MORTAR ATTACK
Date: 2007-02-22 11:47:00
Type: Friendly Action
Category: Small Unit Actions
Tracking no.: 20070222114738SMC2443013390
Title: SMALL UNIT ACTIONS BY 1-7 CAV IVO AT TAJI: 2 AIF KIA
Summary: WHO: 1-7 CAV
2 X AIF KIA
0 X WIA
1 X AIF TRUCK AND 1X MORTAR TUBE, MULTIPLE MORTAR RDS DESTROYED.
221131FEB07: CRAZYHORSE 18 SENT TO CHECK ON BDA OF COUNTER MORTAR FIRE VIC 38S 24720 11580.
221134FEB07: CRAZYHORSE 18 GAINED CONTACT WITH 1X BONGO TRUCK LEAVING POO SITE AND HAS PID A TRIPOD AND MORTAR TUBE.
221147FEB07: CRAZYHORSE 18 CLEARED TO ENGAGE WITH 30MM.
221201FEB07: CRAZYHORSE 18 REPORTS TRUCK WITH MORTAR TUBE DESTROYED, 2 AIF LEFT AREA PRIOR TO APACHE FIRING.
221205FEB07: CRAZYHORSE 18 REPORTS THE TRUCK WITH MORTAR RDS STILL COOKING OFF MORTAR ROUNDS.
221233FEB07: CRAZYHORSE 18 REPORTS AIF GOT INTO A DUMPTRUCK HEADED NORTH, ENGAGED AND THEN THEY CAME OUT WANTING TO SURRENDER.
221235FEB07: CRAZYHORSE 18 REPORTS THEY GOT BACK INTO TRUCK AND ARE HEADING NORTH.
221239FEB07: CRAZYHORSE 18 CLEARED TO ENGAGE DUMPTRUCK. 1/227 LAWYER STATES THEY CAN NOT SURRENDER TO AIRCRAFT AND ARE STILL VALID TARGETS.
221250FEB07: CRAZYHORSE 18 REPORTS THEY MISSED WITH HELLFIRE AND INDIVIDUALS HAVE RAN INTO ANOTHER SHACK.
221303FEB07: IH6 APPROVES CRAZYHORSE 18 TO ENGAGE SHACK.
221303FEB07: CRAZYHORSE 18 REPORTS ENGAGED AND DESTROYED SHACK WITH 2X AIF. BDA IS SHACK / DUMP TRUCK DESTROYED.
221325FEB07: CRAZYHORSE 18 CONTINUED TO OBSERVE FOR APPROX 20 MINUTES WITH NFTR. CRAZYHORSE 18 IS OFF STATION TO REFUEL AND REARM ATT.
1X ENGAGEMENT WITH 30MM
2X AIF KIA
1 X MORTAR SYSTEM DESTROYED
1 X BONGO TRUCK DESTROYED WITH MANY SECONDARY EXPLOSIONS.
1 X DUMPTRUCK DESTROYED
1 X SHACK DESTROYED
CIVILIANS KILLED BY US MARINES AT CHECKPOINT
Date: 2005-06-14 15:30:00
Type: Friendly Action
Category: Escalation of Force
Tracking no.: attlemaj-38797356
Title: SCALATION OF FORCE BY 1-5 IVO HURRICANE POINT: 7 CIV KILLED, 2 CIV INJ, 0 CF
Summary: AT 1530D, THE HURRICANE POINT ECP ATTEMPTED TO STOP A VEHICLE WITH HAND AND ARM SIGNALS BEFORE THE VEHICLE GOT CLOSE TO THE CORDON THAT HAD BEEN ESTABLISHED AFTER THE SVBIED ATTACK. A MAROON 4-DOOR OPEL DISREGARDED ALL HAND AND ARM SIGNALS AND CONTINUED AT A HIGH RATE OF SPEED. THE HP ECP ENGAGED THE VEHICLE WITH WARNING SHOTS AS IT APPROACHED FROM THE EAST ON MICHIGAN. THE VEHICLE DISREGARDED THE WARNING SHOTS AND ACCELERATED TOWARD THE CORDON SET AT THE S. BRIDGE VCP. THE CORDON AT THE S. BRIDGE CONSISTED OF HMMWV GUN TRUCKS IN THE CENTER OF THE ROAD, AND DISMOUNTED MARINES PROVIDING SECURITY IN AND OFF TO THE SIDE OF THE ROAD, AND SIX LARGE ORANGE CONES IN THE ROAD ON THE NORTH SIDE OF THE S. BRIDGE. S. BRIDGE ECP ENGAGED THE GRILL OF THE VEHICLE WITH WARNING AND DISABLING SHOTS AT APPROXIMATELY 150 METERS FROM THE CORDON. THE VEHICLE CONTINUED TO DISREGARD THE SAF FROM THE OP AND CONTINUED TOWARD THE ESTABLISHED CORDON. THE DISMOUNTED MARINES SAID THE VEHICLE ACCELERATED AS IT APPROACHED THE CONES AT THE NORTH END OF THE S. BRIDGE. WHEN THE VEHICLE DID NOT STOP, THE S. BRIDGE OP AND 1/5 JUMP WHICH WAS PART OF THE CORDON ENGAGED THE FRONT GRILL OF THE VEHICLE AT APPROXIMATELY 100 METERS BUT THE VEHICLE CONTINUED TO APPROACH AT 40-45 MPH. WHEN THE VEHICLE DID NOT STOP AFTER ALL THE WARNING SHOTS, THE MARINES ENGAGED THE DRIVER TO STOP THE VEHICLE. THE VEHICLE WAS STOPPED DIRECTLY IN FRONT OF THE ORANGE CONES. THERE WERE A TOTAL OF 11X CIVILIANS IN THE VEHICLE. THE ENGAGEMENT RESULTED IN 7X CIV KILLED (2X WERE CHILDREN) AND 2X CIV INJ. THE LARGE NUMBER OF CIVILIAN KIA RESULTED FROM THE FAMILY HAVING PLACED THEIR CHILDREN ON THE FLOOR BOARDS OF THE VEHICLE. THE DISABLING SHOTS AIMED AT THE GRILL ARE BELIEVED TO HAVE TRAVELED THROUGH THE VEHICLE LOW TO THE FLOOR BOARDS CAUSING THE LARGE NUMBER OF KIA. NO CF INJ/DAMAGE.