President Donald Trump has nominated William Barr to be the new attorney general, a post he held in the 1990s.
By replacing Jeff Sessions, who was fired by Mr Trump last month, the 68-year-old will take charge of the investigation into alleged Russian meddling in the 2016 US election.
US media report he has been critical of some aspects of that inquiry.
A well-known conservative lawyer, Mr Barr held the role under President George H W Bush from 1991 to 1993.
The president called him a "highly respected lawyer" by both Republicans and Democrats and "a terrific man" while speaking to reporters on the White House South Lawn.
In the same statement, Mr Trump confirmed reports he is pushing for Heather Nauert to be the new US ambassador to the United Nations.
Currently, Mr Barr is counsel at the Kirkland & Ellis law firm in Washington DC.
If Mr Barr is confirmed by the senate after his official nomination, he will replace the current acting attorney general, Matt Whitaker.
Mr Whitaker had been a controversial pick from the start due to his views on Special Counsel Robert Mueller's inquiry.
Mr Trump has repeatedly lashed out at the investigation, calling it a "witch hunt".
When he selected Mr Whitaker to replace Jeff Sessions, who had recused himself from the inquiry, Democrats feared Mr Whitaker would bring an end to the special counsel's work.
Democrats say they will definitely press Mr Barr on his views regarding protecting Mr Mueller and his work, during his confirmation hearings.
Will Democrats derail his appointment?
Analysis by Anthony Zurcher, BBC News, Washington
On paper William Barr looks like a safe pick for US attorney general. Since serving under George HW Bush, he's spent most of his career as a corporate lawyer, so he's more than familiar with Washington's corridors of power.
Mr Barr is the kind of nominee Senate Republicans - whose votes will be needed for confirmation - know and are comfortable with. He's not exactly a drain-the-Washington-swamp choice, but that has never been a priority in the gilded halls of the upper chamber of Congress.
This, of course, is no normal time - and it didn't take long for interested parties to scour Mr Barr's recent comments and writings in search of any meaningful hints on how he would oversee Robert Mueller's Russia investigation.
Democrats won't be encouraged to learn that he expressed support for Donald Trump's firing of FBI Director James Comey and recommended further investigation of Democrat Hillary Clinton.
It's going to be months before Mr Barr receives a Senate vote, and the scouring will surely continue. Contentious confirmation hearings are all but a given. This, however, is a nomination that will be difficult for Democrats to derail.
Who is William Barr?
The 68-year-old Republican lawyer has an impressive political resume, spanning the CIA, White House and Department of Justice.
Mr Barr holds degrees in government and Chinese studies from Columbia University.
While studying law at George Washington University, he worked at the CIA from 1973-1977.
As a young lawyer, he clerked for the DC appeals court.
For a year, Mr Barr was a member of President Ronald Reagan's domestic policy staff at the White House; a role he eventually left to pursue corporate law.
In 1989, he was appointed by President Bush to head the Justice Department's Office of Legal Counsel. He was promoted to deputy attorney general next, and then to the top role.
After passing his senate confirmation hearing unanimously, he served as the 77th US attorney general from 1991-1993.
As the top US law official at that time, he oversaw Robert Mueller, who was then leading the department's criminal division.
Mr Barr retired from his position as counsel and executive vice-president of Verizon in 2008.
What has he said about the Russia inquiry?
Mr Barr has voiced disapproval over some aspects of the inquiry but his views on the investigation's legitimacy remain unknown.
He has said that Robert Mueller hired too many prosecutors with Democratic campaign ties for his investigative team - telling the Washington Post he "would have liked to see [Mueller] have more balance".
In a 2017 opinion piece for the Post, Mr Barr said Mr Trump had been right to fire FBI director James Comey because he "crossed a line" by announcing the outcome of the investigation into Hillary Clinton's emails.
He has also defended Mr Trump's desire for a criminal investigation against Hillary Clinton to the New York Times, adding that some of her actions merited an inquiry more than any Trump-Russia collusion.
The Times has described Mr Barr as a lawyer with a vision for broad presidential powers, but also one who sees the attorney general's duty as avoiding political considerations.
What's the reaction?
On Twitter, many are wondering why Mr Barr chose to accept the role again, and what he might make of Mr Trump's latest tweets deriding the Russian inquiry.
Democratic Senator Richard Blumenthal has already called for Mr Barr to firmly commit to protect Mr Mueller's investigation.
Barr must firmly commit to protect the Special Counsel, operate independently of the WH, & uphold the rule of law. The Senate must scrutinize this nominee, in light of comments suggesting he was more interested in currying favor with Trump than objectively analyzing law & facts. https://t.co/yZbx31dZOv— Richard Blumenthal (@SenBlumenthal) December 7, 2018
Fellow Democrat Patrick Leahy of Vermont said he has known Mr Barr a long time and hopes he will "unambiguously commit" to protecting the inquiry and upholding the law.
Mr Leahy was a senator during Mr Barr's first confirmation.
I have known Bill Barr a long time. He has a long record in both the private sector and public service that needs to be thoroughly vetted by the Senate. This includes recent, troubling comments about investigations of keen interest to the President who is nominating him.— Sen. Patrick Leahy (@SenatorLeahy) December 7, 2018
Republicans, meanwhile, have praised Mr Trump's pick.
South Carolina Senator Lindsey Graham, the likely new judiciary committee chair, said Mr Trump had made an "outstanding decision" with Mr Barr, adding he would work to hasten his confirmation.
Republicans will have a 53-47 majority in the Senate, and only a simple majority is needed to confirm the appointment.
President @realDonaldTrump made an outstanding decision in nominating William Barr to serve as the next #AttorneyGeneral.— Lindsey Graham (@LindseyGrahamSC) December 7, 2018
Mr. Barr is highly capable, highly respected and will provide new and much-needed leadership for the Department of Justice.
Having previously served as AG under President George H.W. Bush, Mr. Barr is a known quantity, a man of the highest integrity and character, and has an impeccable reputation.— Lindsey Graham (@LindseyGrahamSC) December 7, 2018
He will provide a strong and steady hand to the fine men and women at the Department of Justice.
Senator Roy Blunt of Missouri said Mr Barr was "exceptionally well-qualified" for the position.
Bill Barr is exceptionally well-qualified. He understands the job and will have the confidence of the Congress as well as the president.— Senator Roy Blunt (@RoyBlunt) December 7, 2018
Former House Speaker Newt Gingrich described Mr Barr as "solid and professional".
Bill Barr is a remarkable choice for Attorney General! I worked with him when he was President George H W Bush’s AG and he did a great job-very solid and professional— Newt Gingrich (@newtgingrich) December 7, 2018
The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), which has spearheaded a number of lawsuits against the Trump administration, said that Mr Barr could continue Mr Sessions' "legacy of hostility to civil rights".
"Barr must commit to defending the rule of law and civil rights, not serving as a political arm of Trump's anti-constitutional agenda," said Faiz Shakir, national political director, in a statement.