Os segredos da última casa de Shakespeare

Shakespeare Direito de imagem BBC World Service
Image caption Shakespeare é o mais famoso dramaturgo da Grã-Bretanha

Scientists have started digging under the ground where William Shakespeare's last home stood in Stratford-upon-Avon. They hope their work will help us find out more about how Shakespeare and other people lived 400 years ago.

Mark Worthington reports:

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Rolling back centuries of speculation and digging deep into the private life of Stratford's favourite son. The soil, untouched for 400 years, and it's hoped - the key to understanding more about William Shakespeare's final days. By the time he moved to New Place, Shakespeare was already a household name. But little is known about how he spent the six years he lived here and that's what this latest dig is aiming to change.

Kevin Colls, University of Birmingham:

"I think we can learn little bits on what he was eating, what he was drinking, so his lifestyle. We can learn a little about his hobbies in terms of what he was doing with his time, but the great mystery has to be where he actually lived. Did he live in the grand house along the front of the street or did he live in the very secluded cottage as documentary evidence suggests, hidden away from view to get on with his work?"

Previous digs all found evidence of Shakespeare's high-status household , including smoking pipes and pottery. The first almost 150 years ago, was recorded in extraordinary detail but stopped short at the foundations.

It's hoped excavating deeper than ever before, will reveal even more about William Shakespeare's habits and shed new light on what inspired some of the most famous words ever written.

Mark Worthington, BBC News

Escute as palavras

speculation guessing, assuming, creating theories without evidence (suposição, criação de teorias não baseadas em provas)

private life the way he spent his time at home with family and friends (o modo com que ele passa o tempo com familiares e amigos)

dig here, careful scientific searching, studying and recording of objects found buried underground or under buildings (aqui significa pesquisa cietífica minuciosa que envolve o estudo e o registro de objetos encontrados enterrados ou sob prédios)

his hobbies the things he liked to do when he wasn't working (passa-tempo, o que ele gostava de fazer quando não estava trabalhando)

very secluded cottage small house that is very far away from other properties (uma casa pequena bem afastada de qualquer outra construção vizinha)

high-status household place lived in by someone with wealth and a respected position in society (condição de um indivíduo com posses e respeitada posição na sociedade)

the foundations the main blocks beneath the ground that a house is built on (as colunas subterrâneas principais que sustentam a construção da casa)

excavating digging, removing earth (escavação, remoção de terra)

habits regular, repeated actions (hábitos, ações repetidas regularmente)

shed new light on find new information about, make clearer (encontrar nova informação sobre algo, esclarecer)