Урок английского: современные британские семьи

  • 20 марта 2013
Кадр сериала EastEnders (BBC) Правообладатель иллюстрации BBC World Service
Image caption В сегодняшней Британии 2 из 3 браков заканчиваются разводом

В разделе Learning English мы публикуем видео- и аудиоуроки английского языка, истории о культуре и традициях англоязычных стран.

За последние 20 лет традиционные представления о счастливой британской семье сильно изменились. Продолжение темы - в нашем аудиоуроке.

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Father leaves for work in the morning after breakfast. The two children take the bus to school, and mother stays at home cooking and cleaning until father and the kids return home in the evening. This is the traditional picture of a happy family living in Britain. But is it true today? The answer is - no! The past 20 years have seen enormous changes in the lives and structures of families in Britain, and the traditional model is no longer true in many cases.

The biggest change has been caused by divorce. As many as 2 out of 3 marriages now end in divorce, leading to a situation where many children live with one parent and only see the other at weekends or holidays.

There has also been a huge rise in the number of mothers who work. The large rise in divorces has meant many women need to work to support themselves and their children. Even when there is no divorce, many families need both parents to work in order to survive.

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This has caused an increase in childcare facilities, though they are very expensive and can be difficult to find in many areas. In addition, women are no longer happy to stay at home raising children, and many have careers earning as much as or even more than men, the traditional breadwinners.

There has also been a sharp increase in the number of single mothers, particularly among teenagers. Many of their children grow up never knowing their fathers, and some people feel the lack of a male role model has a damaging effect on their lives.

However, these changes have not had a totally negative effect. For women, it is now much easier to have a career and good salary. Although it is difficult to be a working mother, it has become normal and it's no longer seen as a bad thing for the children. As for children themselves, some argue that modern children grow up to be more independent and mature than in the past. From an early age they have to go to childminders or nurseries, and so they are used to dealing with strangers and mixing with other children.

So while the traditional model of a family may no longer be true in modern Britain, the modern family continues to raise happy, successful children.

NOTES (лексика в контексте)

  • divorce - развода
  • there has also been a huge rise - сильно выросло
  • childcare facilities - детских дошкольных учреждений
  • raising - воспитывая
  • breadwinners - кормильцы своих семей
  • single mothers - матерей-одиночек
  • role model - образца для подражания
  • mature - зрелыми
  • nurseries - ясли


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