Russia's athletics federation must cut ties with all convicted dopers, resolve current disciplinary cases and investigate potential cases if it is to be readmitted to competition.
The IAAF has outlined the conditions Araf must meet for it provisional doping ban to be lifted.
IAAF president Lord Coe said there is "no timeline" for reinstatement.
Russia, which said in November it is "fully committed" to reforms, faces exclusion from the 2016 Rio Olympics if not declared compliant.
Coe said: "The conditions we have announced leave no room for doubt.
"Russia must demonstrate verifiable change across a range of criteria and satisfy our task force that those criteria will be met permanently.
"It is up to them to implement verifiable change both in anti-doping practice and culture."
An IAAF task force, which will decide whether Russia is in compliance with the new criteria, will make its first trip to the country in January.
Under the conditions outlined by the IAAF, the sport's world governing body, Russia must demonstrate it meets Wada and IAAF rules.
The suspended Russian Anti-Doping Agency (Rusada) must also be able to operate without interference, following claims that the country's security services were involved in the doping programme.
The IAAF will take responsibility for testing so that athletes are in a position to return to competition once Russia's suspension is lifted.
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