David Collier will retire as chief executive of the England and Wales Cricket Board at the end of the season, after 10 years in the job.
England won the Ashes four times, the World Twenty20 and reached number one in the Test rankings during his tenure.
But he also oversaw the multi-million pound match with Allen Stanford, who was later jailed for fraud.
"I am immensely proud of the enormous strides forward cricket has made during the past decade," said Collier, 59.
"We now possess venues which are amongst the best in the world, we lead the world in women's and disabilities cricket, our recreational game is flourishing and we have delivered commercial success."
Collier was chief executive of Nottinghamshire, Leicestershire and Gloucestershire before joining the ECB,
His departure is the third major change to the hierarchy of English cricket in the past year following Paul Downton's appointment as managing director and Peter Moores replacing Andy Flower as national head coach.
The highlight of Collier's time at the ECB was England winning the Ashes in 2005 for the first time since 1986-87.
ECB chairman Giles Clarke added: "David has overseen the most successful period of development, playing success and growth for cricket in England and Wales and we are extremely grateful to him."
Collier was also a key figure in negotiating a deal with Stanford for England to play West Indies in a big-money, winner-takes-all Twenty20 match in Antigua in 2008.
Stanford was later jailed for 110 years for defrauding investors of more than $7bn (£4.5bn).