Briton Bradley Wiggins suffered mechanical problems and smashed his handlebar in annoyance after finishing in third place in the prologue of the Criterium du Dauphine on Sunday.
Dutchman Lars Boom won the 5.4km time trial on Sunday with Team Sky rider Wiggins five seconds behind.
Boom clocked six minutes 18 seconds to beat Kazakh Alexandre Vinokourov of the Astana team by two seconds.
The race runs until 12 June, taking in 1,064km over seven stages.
Part of the route duplicates some of the ground that Wiggins and his Team Sky companions will have to cover in the Tour de France, which begins in July.
Wiggins' team-mate Geraint Thomas was 27th, 16 seconds off the pace.
"I didn't expect it," said Boom. "I had a problem with my knee in the Tour of California [in May]. I'm happy it's going well."
Three-time runner-up Cadel Evans of Australia finished seventh, nine seconds back.
Favourites to win the Dauphine include defending champion Janez Brajkovic of Slovenia, Tony Martin of Germany, and Samuel Sanchez of Spain.
Brajkovic placed 17th, Sanchez finished 24th and Martin came in 34th.
On Monday, riders have a 144km stage from Albertville to Saint-Pierre-de-Chartreuse.