Russian President Vladimir Putin says the country's Paralympics ban is "outside the bounds of law, morality and humanity".
Putin said the ruling was "cynical" and "humiliates those who take such decisions".
Only Russian track and field athletes were banned from the Olympics.
Putin, speaking at an award ceremony for Russian Olympians at the Kremlin, said the country would hold special competitions for banned Paralympic athletes, with the winners awarded the same prizes as in Rio.
Foreign ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said Russian Paralympians had taken "collective responsibility for an unproven crime".