The United Arab Emirates' equestrian federation has been suspended by the sport's world governing body over abuses during endurance events.
The sanction follows an investigation by the International Equestrian Federation (FEI), which found horse welfare abuses and rule violations.
The suspension bars Emirati athletes from international competitions.
FEI president Ingmar De Vos said the decision "was not taken lightly" and they could not find another remedy.
The ban also specifies that the UAE federation may not organise any international events, or attend any FEI meetings.
The UAE federation has 30 days to appeal against the suspension to a FEI tribunal.