The Football Association have charged Sunderland with failing to control their players during the side's 1-1 draw with Everton on 9 November.
The club have until 17 November to respond to the charge.
Gus Poyet's side surrounded referee Lee Mason after he awarded a penalty to the away side following a challenge by Connor Wickham on Seamus Coleman.
Leighton Baines scored from the resulting kick to make it 1-1 with 15 minutes remaining.
The Black Cats had taken the lead in the game when Sebastian Larsson curled in a free-kick after Baines had fouled Will Buckley after 67 minutes.
But Baines' equaliser denied them the three points.