Johan Cruyff: Why does Netherlands great matter?

Johan Cruyff
Cruyff spent time in the United States with Washington Diplomats, Los Angeles Aztecs and New York Cosmos

The last time he managed was 20 years ago.

He last played in anger more than 30 years ago.

Maybe the only time you have seen him is as part of a Fifa Ultimate Team. A punchy 94 overall rating by the way.external-link

So why the fuss over Johan Cruyff?

That turn

Johan Cruyff playing in the 1974 World Cup
Cruyff's snakehips bewitch the Argentina defence in the 1974 World Cup quarter-final

Before Cruyff, players used to just run straight into each other and hope for the best.

Well, not quite.

But when the Dutchman left Sweden's Jan Olsson staggering like a closing-time drunk in the 1974 World Cup, no-one had seen anything like it.

A dropped shoulder, a dummied pass, a flick off the instep, swivel and away.

It makes little sense written down. But watch the video and you'll recognise it instantly.

The 'Cruyff turn' is now a standard in every playground fancy-dan's box of tricks, and it all started with this man.

Johan Cruyff: Celebrities & players remember the 1974 World Cup

Total Football

Netherlands returns home after the 1974 World Cup
The Netherlands returned home to a heroes' welcome despite defeat in the 1974 World Cup final

Where do you play?

An easy question. But there were no easy answers when you were part of the Netherlands' 1974 World Cup squad.

The orange shirts would endlessly bomb forward, cover back, switch wings and swap positions, creating space and causing havoc.

Stick with your man? Good luck with that.

No Johan, no Lionel?

Barcelona's fabled La Masia academy
Barcelona's fabled La Masia academy

After winning everything going in the Netherlands with Ajax, Barcelona bought Cruyff for a then world record fee of £922,000.

Cheap at twice the price.

As a player, he won one La Liga title at the Nou Camp.

Johan Cruyff poses with a Barcelona dream team
Johan Cruyff poses with a Barcelona dream team including Ronald Koeman, Hristo Stoichkov and Michael Laudrup

He returned as a manager to win another four. And a European Cup.

But his greatest legacy is not in the trophy cabinet. It is La Masia.

Before Cruyff took charge, Barcelona's academy concentrated on strength and fitness. He put the ball at the centre of everything and the small-but-beautiful generationexternal-link of Lionel Messi, Andres Iniesta and Xavi emerged.

As Pep Guardiola said: "Johan Cruyff painted the chapel. Barcelona coaches since merely restore or improve it."

Johan Cruyff Europe's best ever - Lineker

That penalty

Luis Suarez scores from Lionel Messi's penalty
Luis Suarez nips in front of Neymar to score from Lionel Messi's penalty

Last month, a Barcelona penalty sent ripples through soccer, social media and the world at large.

Instead of shooting at goal in the 6-1 win over Celta Viga, Messi cheekily rolled the ball sideways off the spot for team-mate Luis Suarez to smash home.

A true original? Nope, another riff on the Cruyff playbook.

Back in 1982, Cruyff and team-mate Jesper Olsen did the same for Ajax. But better.

After controlling Cruyff's pass off the spot, Olsen drew the keeper and rolled it back for the original penalty-taker to slot into an empty net.

Might Messi and Suarez have been paying tribute to Cruyff with their recreation?external-link

Jesper Olsen
Jesper Olsen - the straightman in Cruyff's famous penalty - went on to play for Manchester United

The name and number game

Johan Cruyff
Johan Cruyff scored nearly 200 goals for Dutch giants Ajax

Before David Beckham aped Michael Jordan with number 23,external-link before Mario Balotelli used 45 (4+5) as a shortcut to number nine,external-link Johan Cruyff was the first superstar to stray from the usual one to 11 shirt numbers.

The Dutchman took to wearing 14 for good luck after an Ajax win over rivals PSV Eindhoven. He was allowed to keep it on international duty when an alphabetical system would have seen him play in number one.external-link

In the wake of his death, financial traders paid tribute by placing orders for 14 shares in his former club Ajax. It rose 4% in value on the back of their purchases.

And the shirt shenanigans didn't stop with Cruyff senior.

Jordi Cruyff
Jordi goes where the likes of Javier Hernandez (Chicharito), Ravel Morrison (Ravel) and Memphis Depay (Memphis) will follow

With the Cruyff name weighing heavily, Johan's son Jordi, now sports director at Israeli club Maccabi Tel-Aviv, used his first name instead on his shirt.

When he moved to Manchester United in 1996, he became one of the first players to be allowed to have something other than their surname across their shoulders in the Premier League.

Jordi Cruyff
Last week Jordi Cruyff posted this message on social media thanking his father

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