Premier League clubs paid agents £211m in the past year, an increase of £37m.
Liverpool were the top flight's biggest spenders at £26.8m and Chelsea second with £25.1m, according to Football Association data based on transfers from 1 February 2017 to 31 January 2018.
English clubs across the top five divisions spent £257m on agent fees, also an increase of £37m on 2016-17.
National League club Aldershot were the lowest spenders with £112.
However several clubs at National League level and below gave no money at all to agents.
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FA data published last year showed fees paid by English clubs to agents rose by 38% in 12 months - up from £160m to £220m in 2016-17.
Championship clubs spent £42.1m in the past year, compared to £42.4m in 2016-17, which was an increase of 62% on the previous 12 months.
There was an increase in League One spending this year, from £3.1m to £3.5m.
League Two clubs spent £958,969 - up from £821,450 - while the National League total was £188,869, down from £271,065.
Premier League clubs spent an estimated record total of £1.9bn on transfers over the 2017-18 season, according to Deloitte.
The accountancy firm estimated top-flight clubs' net transfer spend - taking into account money made from player sales - at £755m, 17% of their forecast revenue for the season.
Manchester City (£23.5m) were the Premier League's third-highest spenders, followed by Manchester United (£18m), Watford (£13,4m), Everton (£12.1m) and Arsenal (£10.6m).
Huddersfield, promoted to the top flight last season, spent the least with £2.5m, followed by Burnley's £3.3m.
In the Championship, Aston Villa were the top spenders with £5,5m, followed by Sunderland's £4.4m and Reading's £2.8m. Bolton's total of £223,432 was the lowest in the division.
Blackburn were League One's highest spenders on £764,024, followed by Wigan on £557,333, with Bury the lowest spenders on £25,169.
Coventry's total of £113,620 was the highest in League Two, with Wycombe the lowest spenders on £7,311.
Leyton Orient, relegated from the English Football League last season for the first time in 112 years, spent £39,537, the highest in the National League.