Scottish Premiership ins and outs - Summer 2018

Celtic striker Odsonne Edouard
Odsonne Edouard signed permanently for Celtic for a club record fee

Celtic paid a club record transfer fee to retain French striker Odsonne Edouard, but it is Hearts and Rangers who made most of the early moves this summer.

Even before Steven Gerrard officially took over as manager, with Graeme Murty going back to being in charge of the development squad, Rangers had secured a return to Ibrox for goalkeeper Allan McGregor from Hull City and made Scotland team-mate Jamie Murphy's loan switch from Brighton & Hove Albion permanent.

Former Liverpool captain Gerrard has since returned to his old club to secure Ovie Ejaria, Jon Flanagan and Ryan Kent - and opened his Ibrox cheque-book to sign Connor Goldson from Brighton and fellow defender Nikola Katic from Slaven Belupo.

Just as Rangers have been stung into action by the disappointment of finishing behind runners-up Aberdeen for a second year running, Hearts manager Craig Levein has reacted to the Edinburgh side's sixth-place finish by virtually ripping up the squad of predecessor Ian Cathro and starting again.

Rangers manager Steven Gerrard
Steven Gerrard has taken over as Rangers manager after a stint as Liverpool youth coach

Eight players were added by the first week of June and, although striker Steven MacLean and midfielder Ryan Edwards have been over the course before with St Johnstone and Partick Thistle respectively, none were headline grabbers.

That could not be said about Celtic and Edouard, the striker from Paris St-Germain for whom the reigning champions paid significantly above their previous record of £6m - for both John Hartson and Chris Sutton - after a promising season on loan.

Celtic were also involved in the biggest transfer out of the Premiership, with Scotland midfielder Stuart Armstrong taking what seems like an annual journey for one of the Scottish champions' star men to Southampton, with £7m this time exchanging hands.

New St Mirren boss Alan Stubbs has been utilising his knowledge of England's lower leagues while fellow promoted side Livingston have concentrated on picking up free agents from last season's Championship rivals.

Livi also replaced departing manager David Hopkin with former Rangers striker Kenny Miller as player-manager, but that only lasted seven games before the relationship broke down and Gary Holt took over as head coach.

Aberdeen

Aberdeen

Manager: Derek McInnes

Last season: 2nd

Prediction: 3rd

In: Lewis Ferguson, midfielder (Hamilton Academical, compensation); Tomas Cerny, goalkeeper (Partick Thistle); Stephen Gleeson, midfielder (Ipswich Town); Chris Forrester, midfielder (Peterborough United, undisclosed); Morgan Brown, midfielder (Leicester City); Jordan McGregor, defender (Airdrieonians). Loan: James Wilson, forward (Manchester United); Max Lowe, defender (Derby County); Dominic Ball, defender (Rotherham United); Tommie Hoban, defender (Watford).

Out: Adam Rooney, forward (Salford City, undisclosed); Kari Arnason, defender (Vikingur); Anthony O'Connor, defender (Bradford City); Daniel Harvie, defender (Ayr United); Nicky Maynard, forward. Loan ended: Kenny McLean, midfielder (Norwich City); Greg Stewart, midfielder (Birmingham City); Ryan Christie, midfielder (Celtic); Freddie Woodman, goalkeeper (Newcastle United); Chidiebere Nwakali, midfielder (Manchester City);. Loan: Danny Rogers, goalkeeper (St Mirren); Sam Roscoe, defender (Alloa Athletic); Chris Antoniazzi, midfielder (Montrose); Ryan Harrington, defender (Montrose); Sebastian Ross, midfielder (Stenhousemuir).

Celtic

Celtic

Manager: Brendan Rodgers

Last season: 1st

Prediction: 1st

In: Odsonne Edouard, forward (Paris St-Germain, loan to permanent, undisclosed); Youssouf Mulumbu, midfielder (Kilmarnock); Emilio Izaguirre, defender (Al-Fayha); Scott Bain, goalkeeper (Dundee, loan to permanent); Armstrong Okoflex, midfielder (Arsenal). Loan: Daniel Arzani, winger (Manchester City); Filip Benkovic, defender (Leicester City).

Out: Moussa Dembele, forward (Lyon, £19.7m); Stuart Armstrong, midfielder (Southampton, £7m); Erik Sviatchenko, defender (Midtjylland, undisclosed); Nadir Ciftci, forward (Genclerbirligi); Jamie Lindsay, midfielder (Ross County, loan to permanent); Joe Thomson, midfielder (Dunfermline Athletic); Jamie McCart, defender (Inverness Caledonian Thistle); Sam Wardrop, defender (Dundee United). Loan ended: Patrick Roberts, midfielder (Manchester City); Charly Musonda, midfielder (Chelsea). Loan: Calvin Miller, defender (Dundee); Ross Doohan, goalkeeper (Ayr United); Jack Aitchison, forward (Dumbarton); Ciaran Diver, forward (Stranraer); Robbie Deas, defender (Cowdenbeath).

Dundee

Dundee

Manager: Neil McCann

Last season: 9th

Prediction: 11th

In: Kenny Miller, forward (Livingston); Jack Hamilton, goalkeeper (Heart of Midlothian, undisclosed); Jean Alassane Mendy, forward (Lokeren); Adil Nabi, forward (Peterborough United); Karl Madianga, midfielder (Lokomotiv GO); Elton Ngwatala, midfielder (Kidderminster Harriers); Nathan Ralph, midfielder (Woking); Sam Jackson, goalkeeper (Millwall); Cliff Bironda, forward (OCSA Leopards). Loan: Ryan Inniss, defender (Crystal Palace); Benjamin Kallman, forward (Inter Turku); Calvin Miller, defender (Celtic); Andy Boyle, defender (Preston North End).

Out: Scott Bain, goalkeeper (Celtic, loan to permanent); Kevin Holt, defender (Pafos); Kostadin Gadzhalov, defender (Botev Vratsa); Randy Wolters, midfielder (Nijmegen); Jeremy Malherbe, goalkeeper (Panionios); Nicky Low, midfielder (Derry City); Mark O'Hara, midfielder (Peterborough United); Jon Aurtenetxe, defender (Amorebieta); Ian Smith, midfielder (Stranraer); Steven Caulker, defender; Julen Etxabeguren, defender; Jordan Piggott, defender. Loan ended: Simon Murray, forward (Hibernian); A-Jay Leitch-Smith, forward (Shrewsbury Town). Loan: Faissal El Bakhtaoui, forward (Dunfermline Athletic); Marcus Haber, forward (Falkirk); James Vincent, midfielder (Dunfermline Athletic); Kerr Waddell, defender (Greenock Morton); Daniel Jefferies, defender (Partick Thistle); Kyle Gourlay, goalkeeper (Elgin City); Calum Ferrie, goalkeeper (Stirling Albion); Cedwyn Scott, forward (Berwick Rangers).

Hamilton Academical

Hamilton Academical

Manager: Martin Canning

Last season: 10th

Prediction: 12th

In: Lennard Sowah, defender (Cracovia); Scott Martin, midfielder (Hibernian); James Keatings, forward (Dundee United, undisclosed); Delphin Tshiembe, midfielder (Horsens); Ziggy Gordon, defender (Pogon Siedlce); Alex Penny, defender (Peterborough United, undisclosed); Tom Taiwo, midfielder (Falkirk); Matthew Kilgallon, defender (Bradford City); Aaron Smith, midfielder (Nottingham Forest); Aaron McGowan, defender (Morecambe); Sam Kelly, midfielder (Grimsby Town); Jacob Marsden, goalkeeper (Mildenhall Town). Loan: Fredrik Brustad, forward (Molde); Mason Enigbokan-Bloomfield, forward (Norwich City); Adam Phillips, midfielder (Norwich City).

Out: Lewis Ferguson, midfielder (Aberdeen, compensation); Kenny van der Weg, defender (Roeselare); David Templeton, midfielder (Burton Albion); Ali Crawford, midfielder (Doncaster Rovers); Darren Lyon, midfielder (Peterborough United); Danny Redmond, midfielder (The New Saints); Darren Jamieson, goalkeeper (Arbroath); Antonio Rojano, forward; Georgios Sarris, defender; Xavier Tomas, defender; Ross Jenkins, midfielder; Jamie Boyd, defender. Loan ended: Charlie Scott, defender (Manchester United).

Heart of Midlothian

Heart of Midlothian

Manager: Craig Levein

Last season: 6th

Prediction: 5th

In: Steven MacLean, forward (St Johnstone); Clevid Dikamona, defender (Bnei Sakhnin); Ryan Edwards, midfielder (Partick Thistle); Bobby Burns, defender/forward (Glenavon, undisclosed); Zdenek Zlamal, goalkeeper (Zlin); Oliver Bozanic, midfielder (Melbourne City); Ben Garuccio, defender (Adelaide United); Colin Doyle, goalkeeper (Bradford City); Peter Haring, defender (Ried); Olly Lee, midfielder (Luton Town); Uche Ikpeazu, forward (Cambridge United); Jake Mulraney, midfielder (Inverness Caledonian Thistle, player-swap); Kevin Silva, goalkeeper (Rutgers Scarlet Knights). Loan: Demetri Mitchell, defender (Manchester United); Jimmy Dunne, defender (Burnley); Steven Naismith, forward (Norwich City). Delayed transfer: David Vanecek, forward (Teplice, joining in January).

Out: Kyle Lafferty, forward (Rangers, undisclosed); Ross Callachan, midfielder (St Johnstone); Jon McLaughlin, goalkeeper (Sunderland); Jack Hamilton, goalkeeper (Dundee, undisclosed); Don Cowie, midfielder (Ross County); Liam Smith, defender (Ayr Unied); Angus Beith, midfielder (Inverness Caledonian Thistle, player-swap); Harry Paton, midfielder (Ross County); Prince Buaben, midfielder; Wojiech Gajda, goalkeeper; Nikolay Todorov, forward. Loan ended: Joaquim Adao, midfielder (Sion); Demitri Mitchell, defender (Manchester United); David Milinkovic, forward (Genoa); Connor Randall, defender (Liverpool). Loan: Conor Sammon, forward (Motherwell); Bobby Burns, defender/forward (Livingston); Ryan Edwards, midfielder (St Mirren); Malaury Martin, midfielder (Dunfermline Athletic); Aidan Keena, forward (Dunfermline Athletic); Dario Zanatta, forward (Alloa Athletic); Andy Irving, midfielder (Falkirk); Rory Currie, forward (East Fife); Euan Henderson, forward (Montrose).

Hibernian

Hibernian

Head coach: Neil Lennon

Last season: 4th

Prediction: 4th

In: Mark Milligan, midfielder (Al-Ahli); Daryl Horgan, midfielder (Preston North End, undisclosed); Stevie Mallan, midfielder (Barnsley, undisclosed); Florian Kamberi, forward (Grasshopper Zurich, loan to permanent, undisclosed). Loan: Adam Bogdan, goalkeeper (Liverpool); Thomas Agyepong, forward (Manchester City); Emerson Hyndman, midfielder (Bournemouth); Jamie Maclaren, forward (Darmstadt 98).

Out: John McGinn, midfielder (Aston Villa, undisclosed); Simon Murray, forward (Bidvest Wits, undisclosed); Danny Swanson, midfielder (St Johnstone); Scott Martin, midfielder (Hamilton Academical); Dylan McGeouch, midfielder (Sunderland); Cammy Bell, goalkeeper (Partick Thistle); Callum Crane, defender (Livingston); Scott Martin, midfielder (Hamilton). Loan ended: Scott Allan, midfielder (Celtic); Brandon Barker (Manchester City); Faycal Rherras, defender (Mechelen).

Kilmarnock

Kilmarnock

Manager: Steve Clarke

Last season: 5th

Prediction: 6th

In: Stuart Findlay, defender (Newcastle United, loan to permanent); Jack Byrne, midfielder (Oldham Athletic); Ross Millen, defender (Queen's Park). Loan: Bright Enobakhare, forward (Wolverhampton Wanderers); Mikael Ndjoli, forward (Bournemouth); Daniel Bachmann, goalkeeper (Watford); Greg Stewart, forward (Birmingham City); Aaron Tshibola, midfielder (Aston Villa).

Out: Youssouf Mulumbu, midfielder (Celtic); Lee Erwin, forward (Tractor Sazi); Leo Fasan, goalkeeper (Falkirk); Brad Spencer, midfielder (Dumbarton); Gordon Greer, defender; Steven Smith, defender; Alex Samizadeh, forward; Ursene Mouanda, midfielder; Thomas Dempsie, midfielder; Dean Hawkshaw, midfielder. Loan ended: Aaron Simpson, defender (Wolverhampton Wanderers); Jasko Keranovic, goalkeeper (West Bromwich Albion). Loan: Adam Frizzell, midfielder (Queen of the South); Ewan McLevy, defender (Kilwinning Rangers).

Livingston

Livingston

Head coach: Gary Holt

Last season: 2nd in Championship

Prediction: 9th

In: Gary Holt, head coach; Scott Tiffoney, defender (Greenock Morton, undisclosed); Steven Lawless, midfielder (Partick Thistle); Craig Sibbald, midfielder (Falkirk); Liam Kelly, goalkeeper (Rangers); Callum Crane, defender (Hibernian); Ross Stewart, goalkeeper (St Mirren); Dolly Menga, forward (Blackpool); Steven Saunders, defender (The New Saints); Ricki Lamie, defender (Greenock Morton); Cameron Blues, midfielder (Falkirk). Loan: Ryan Hardie, striker (Rangers); Bobby Burns, defender/forward (Heart of Midlothian); James Brown, defender (Millwall); Egli Kaja, forward (AFC Wimbledon).

Out: David Hopkin, manager; Kenny Miller, forward (Dundee); Neil Alexander, goalkeeper (retired); Dylan Mackin, forward (Falkirk, undisclosed); Josh Mullin, midfielder (Ross County); Jackson Longridge, defender (Dunfermline Athletic); Gregor Buchanan, defender (Greenock Morton); David Wilson, defender (Airdrieonians); Jack Ogilvie, midfielder (Berwick Rangers); Gary Maley, goalkeeper. Loan ended: Jordan Thompson, midfielder (Rangers); Steven Boyd, forward (Hamilton Academical); Adam Frizzell, midfielder (Kilmarnock). Loan: Scott Tiffoney, defender (Greenock Morton); Adam Watson, midfielder (Edinburgh City); Jason Gregory, defender (Livingston United).

Motherwell

Motherwell

Manager: Stephen Robinson

Last season: 7th

Prediction: 7th

In: Alex Rodriguez Gorrin, midfielder (Sepsi); Christian Mbulu, defender (Millwall); Aaron Taylor-Sinclair, defender (Plymouth Argyle); Liam Donnelly, defender (Hartlepool United, undisclosed); Mark Gillespie, goalkeeper (Walsall); Danny Johnson, forward (Gateshead). Loan: Conor Sammon, forward (Heart of Midlothian); Tom Aldred, defender (Bury).

Out: Cedric Kipre, defender (Wigan Athletic, £1m); Deimantas Petravicius, forward (Falkirk); Dylan King, defender (Glenavon); Ellis Plummer, defender; Russell Griffiths, goalkeeper; Luke Watt, defender. Loan ended: Nadir Ciftci, forward (Celtic); Stephen Hendrie, defender (Southend United); Tom Aldred, defender (Bury). Loan: Shea Gordon, midfielder (Partick Thistle); Ross MacLean, forward (Greenock Morton).

Rangers

Rangers

Manager: Steven Gerrard

Last season: 3rd

Prediction: 2nd

In: Eros Grezda, forward (Osijek, undisclosed); Connor Goldson, defender (Brighton & Hove Albion, undisclosed); Borna Barisic, defender (Osijek, undisclosed); Kyle Lafferty, forward (Heart of Midlothian, undisclosed); Nikola Katic, defender (Slaven Belupo, undisclosed); Jamie Murphy, midfielder (Brighton & Hove Albion, undisclosed); Gareth McAuley, defender (West Bromwich Albion); Scott Arfield, midfielder (Burnley); Jon Flanagan, defender (Liverpool); Allan McGregor, goalkeeper (Hull City). Loan: Ovie Ejaria, midfielder (Liverpool); Sadiq Umar, forward (Roma); Ryan Kent, midfielder (Liverpool); Lassana Coulibaly, midfielder (Angers); Joe Worrall, defender (Nottingham Forest).

Out: Bruno Alves, defender (Parma); Kenny Miller, forward (Livingston, player-manager); Harry Forrester, midfielder (Mashin Sazi); Michael O'Halloran, forward (Melbourne City); Josh Windass, midfielder (Wigan Athletic, undisclosed); Declan John, defender (Swansea City, undisclosed); David Bates, defender (Hamburger SV); Liam Kelly, goalkeeper (Livingston); Ryan Hardie, forward (Livingston); Jordan Thompson, midfielder (Blackpool); Fabio Cardoso, defender (Santa Clara); Ross Lyon, midfielder (Clyde). Loan ended: Russell Martin, defender (Norwich City); Jason Cummings, forward (Nottingham Forest); Sean Goss, midfielder (Queens Park Rangers); Dalcio, midfielder (Benfica). Loan: Carlos Pena, midfielder (Necaxa); Eduardo Herrera, forward (Santos Laguna); Lee Hodson, defender (St Mirren); Jason Holt, midfielder (Fleetwood Town); Joe Dodoo, midfielder (Blackpool); Greg Docherty, midfielder (Shrewsbury Town); Jamie Barjonas, midfielder (Bury); Zak Rudden, forward (Falkirk); Liam Burt, midfielder (Alloa Athletic); Kieran Wright, goalkeeper (Raith Rovers); Scott Gray, defender (Albion Rovers).

St Johnstone

St Johnstone

Manager: Tommy Wright

Last season: 8th

Prediction: 8th

In: Danny Swanson, midfielder (Hibernian); Ross Callachan, midfielder (Heart of Midlothian); Matthew Kennedy, midfielder (Cardiff City); Tony Watt, forward (Leuven); Drey Wright, midfielder (Colchester United). Loan: Conor Mitchell, goalkeeper (Burnley); Tristan Nydam, midfielder (Ipswich Town).

Out: Steven MacLean, forward (Heart of Midlothian); Alan Mannus, goalkeeper (Shamrock Rovers); Chris Millar, midfielder (Greenock Morton); Keith Watson, defender (Ross County); Ben McKenzie, goalkeeper (Airdrieonians); Daniel Jardine, midfielder (Stirling Albion, loan to permanent); Cammy Thomson, defender (Stirling Albion); Cameron Lumsden, defender (Kelty Hearts); Jamie Docherty, midfielder. Loan ended: Matty Willock, midfielder (Manchester United); George Williams, forward (Fulham). Loan: Callum Hendry, forward (Brechin City).

St Mirren

St Mirren

Manager: Alan Stubbs

Last season: 1st in Championship

Prediction: 10th

In: Ryan Edwards, midfielder (Heart of Midlothian); Paul McGinn, defender (Partick Thistle); Jeff King, midfielder (Bolton Wanderers); James Kellermann, midfielder (Aldershot Town); Josh Heaton, defender (Darlington, £75,000); Cole Kpekawa, defender (Colchester United); Cody Cooke, forward (Truro City). Loan: Matty Willock, midfielder (Manchester United); Lee Hodson, defender (Rangers); Alfie Jones, midfielder (Southampton); Danny Rogers, goalkeeper (Aberdeen); Hayden Coulson, defender (Middlesbrough); Nicolai Brock-Madsen, forward (Birmingham City).

Out: Jack Ross, manager (Sunderland); Ross Stewart, goalkeeper (Livingston); Ross Stewart, forward (Ross County, undisclosed); Stelios Demetriou, defender (Ross County); Gavin Reilly, forward (Bristol Rovers); Josh Todd, midfielder (Queen of the South); Chris Henry, goalkeeper (Alloa Athletic); Harry Davis, defender (Grimsby Town); Darryl Duffy, forward (Airdrieonians); Nathan Flanagan, midfielder (Raith Rovers); Darren Whyte, defender (Forfar Athletic); Andrew McDonald, defender (Stranraer); Massimo Donati, midfielder (retired); Jamie Langfield, goalkeeper (retired); John Sutton, forward (retired); Gary Irvine, defender; Conor O'Keefe, midfielder; Evan Horne, midfielder; Robbie Leitch, midfielder; Dylan McKendry, defender. Loan ended: Lewis Morgan, midfielder (Celtic); Liam Smith, defender (Heart of Midlothian); Mark Hill, midfielder (Celtic). Loan: Jim Kellermann, midfielder (Fylde); Conor McBrearty, defender (Stenhousemuir); Aaron Reid, defender (Albion Rovers).

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