Wheelchair rugby teams are made up of four players on a court at any one time, although 12 players are allowed in a team overall. Teams are often mixed, made up of both men and women. Games are played over four quarters, each lasting eight minutes.
A goal is scored when an athlete has possession of the ball and crosses the goal line of the opposing team with two of his or her wheels.
Contact between the players' wheelchairs is permitted, although fouls can be given for dangerous contact such as hitting an opposing player’s chair behind its rear wheels to cause it to rotate. Body contact between players is penalized with a one-minute penalty.
Players can only carry the ball for 10 seconds before dribbling or passing it, and teams in possession of the ball have 40 seconds to score a goal. There is a restricted area at each end of the court. Unlike rugby league and rugby union, the ball can be passed forwards.
If there is a tie at the end of the four eight-minute periods of play, overtime is played in three-minute periods until there is a winner.